Azhar Iqbal

Dr Azhar Iqbal

Adjunct Senior Lecturer

School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Faculty of Engineering, Computer and Mathematical Sciences


ORCID: 0000-0002-5221-9384.
My research explores intriguing and counter-intuitive aspects of quantum entanglement and complex superposition using mathematical tools and solution-concepts of game theory, and the applications of game theory to cybersecurity and bargaining/negotiations.

I have published research in quantum games, game theory, applications of geometric algebra, and mathematical modelling in electromagnetics:

Quantum games: Quantum games extends game theory towards the quantum domain and, generally speaking, it studies the strategic interaction among rational agents who share quantum information resources of quantum superposition and entanglement. A quantum game can be considered as the strategic manoeuvring of a quantum system by agents or players and usually it involves unitary transformations and quantum measurement. Players’ utilities are functions of their strategic moves and are obtained from the outcomes of measurements performed on the quantum system. In 1999 Meyer observed (1,2,3) that quantum algorithm for an oracle problem can be understood as a quantum strategy for a player in a two-player zero-sum game in which the other player is constrained to play classically. Soon afterwards, Eisert, Wilkens, and Lewenstein (4,5) developed a quantized version of the well-known game of Prisoners' Dilemma. The possibility to view quantum algorithms as games between quantum and classical players introduced game theory to the set of available mathematical tools in present efforts to extend the list of quantum algorithms. My contributions in this research area include:

  • Evolutionary stability in the quantum regime: Introduced in the 1970s by mathematical biologists, the game-theoretical notion of an Evolutionarily Stable Strategy (ESS) (6,7) models an evolving population under evolutionary pressures. It is a refinement notion on the set of symmetric Nash equilibria and is the central stability solution concept of evolutionary game theory. My work (8,9,10,11,12,13) determined how an ESS becomes susceptible when the interactions among agents (players) of a population, under evolutionary pressures, become quantum-mechanical. The work showed that the quantum entanglement is relevant not only for Nash equilibrium but also for its refinements. A review of this work appeared as a book chapter (14).
  • Entanglement determining the game-theoretic outcomes: The earliest work in quantum games showed that sharing quantum entanglement results in the emergence of non-classical Nash equilibria. This motivated my work on the fate of other game-theoretic solution-concepts when players have access to quantum entanglement, including, “Social Optimality” (15), “Value of Coalition” (16), “Backwards-induction outcome” (17) and “Sub-game Perfect Outcome” (18).
  • Introducing Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (EPR) setting for quantum games: In order to identify the truly quantum content of quantum games, l developed an EPR setting for enacting quantum games (19,20).
  • Quantum games from non-factorizable joint probabilities: In my postdoctoral work during a prestigious research fellowship from Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS), I developed a new approach in constructing quantum games from the concept of non-factorizable joint probabilities (21).
  • Quantum games from Bell’s inequalities: During my Australian Postdoctoral Research Fellowship at the University of Adelaide, I developed a new approach to constructing quantum games directly from a system of Bell's inequalities (22).
  • Quantum games on networks: I contributed to Qiang Li's work on quantum games played on networks (23).
  • Bayesian quantum games: Bayesian games have more complex underlying probabilities structure and offer a richer environment in studying the role of quantum probabilities in quantum games. I contributed to Taksu Cheon's first investigation of quantum Bayesian games (24). A follow-up paper (25) on this topic appeared with my colleagues at the University of Adelaide.
  • Concept combinations using quantum games: I contributed to Peter Bruza's work (26) at Queensland University of Technology on using quantum games in the understanding and description of concept combinations in human cognition.

Some open questions in quantum game theory include:

  • To what extent are game-theoretic quantum strategies a faithful extension of classical strategies?
  • Under which situations do quantum strategies include solutions to their classical counterparts and how can quantum game theory elucidate paradoxes in classical game theory?
  • How can existing quantization schemes be developed further?
  • How can quantum games improve the understanding of quantum probabilities?

Game theory: My work in (classical) game theory consists of developing an extension of the well-known Selten's game model of ransom kidnapping (27) and a review article on the applications of game theory in network/cybersecurity (40).

Applications of geometric algebra: Geometric Algebra (GA) combines the algebraic structure of Clifford’s algebra with the explicit geometric meaning of its mathematical elements at its foundation. It is a coherent mathematical language that augments the powerful geometric intuition of the human mind with the precision of an algebraic system. I have contributed to James Chappell's work on the applications of GA:

  • Study of Meyer’s quantum penny-flip game using GA (28) building up on Meyer’s pioneering work in the area of quantum game theory;
  • Developing a GA-based analysis of the two-player (29) and the three-player quantum games in an EPR type setup (30);
  • Study of special relativity using the mathematical formalism of GA (31);
  • Investigation of N-player quantum games in an EPR setting (32);
  • Development of an improved formalism for quantum computation based on GA and applying it to Grover's search algorithm (33);
  • Exploration of the benefits of GA formalism for engineers (34);
  • Study of the functions of multivector variables in GA (35); and
  • Study of time as a geometric property of the GA-based conception of space (36).

Mathematical modelling in electromagnetics: Memristor, a portmanteau of “memory” and “resistor”, and is a type of passive circuit elements that maintain a relationship between the time integrals of current and voltage across a two-terminal element. I contributed to Omid Kavehei's work on memristive devices (37,38) and its applications to circuits and systems simulation (39).

Author research IDs and impact indicators (updated in July 2021):

ORCID

ResearcherID

Google Scholar

Scopus

Loop

ResearchGate

Academia

Arxiv

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  • Appointments

    Date Position Institution name
    2020 Associate Professor University of Bahrain
    2019 Senior Associate Sage International Australia
    2019 Founder Interactive Decisions
    2013 - 2025 Adjunct Senior Lecturer University of Adelaide
    2013 - 2015 Assistant Professor King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals
    2012 - 2012 Senior Research Associate (ARC grant-funded) University of Adelaide
    2007 - 2011 Australian Research Council's (ARC) Postdoctoral Research Fellow (Level A) University of Adelaide
    2006 - 2007 Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) Postdoctoral Research Fellow and Visiting Associate Professor Kochi University of Technology
  • Language Competencies

    Language Competency
    English Can read, write, speak, understand spoken and peer review
    Urdu Can read, write, speak, understand spoken and peer review
  • Education

    Date Institution name Country Title
    2002 - 2006 University of Hull United Kingdom Postgraduate Certificate in Research Training
    2002 - 2006 University of Hull United Kingdom PhD
    1992 - 1995 University of Sheffield United Kingdom BSc (Honours)
  • Research Interests

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  • Journals

    Year Citation
    2021 AlSayegh, M. A. K., & Iqbal, A. (2021). The impact of the precautionary measures taken in the kingdom of Bahrain to contain the outbreak of COVID-19. Arab Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 28(1), 195-203.
    DOI Scopus2
    2019 Iqbal, A., Gunn, L. J., Guo, M., Babar, M., & Abbott, D. (2019). Game theoretical modelling of network/cybersecurity. IEEE Access, 7, 154167-154179.
    DOI Scopus5 WoS5
    2018 Iqbal, A., Chappell, J., & Abbott, D. (2018). The equivalence of Bell's inequality and the Nash inequality in a quantum game-theoretic setting. Physics Letters A, 382(40), 2908-2913.
    DOI Scopus5 WoS5
    2018 Iqbal, A., & Abbott, D. (2018). A game theoretical perspective on the quantum probabilities associated with a GHZ state. Quantum Information Processing, 17(11), 313-1-313-13.
    DOI Scopus2 WoS2
    2017 Iqbal, A., Masson, V., & Abbott, D. (2017). Kidnapping model: an extension of Selten’s game. Royal Society Open Science, 4(12), 171484-1-171484-10.
    DOI Scopus2 WoS3
    2016 Zhou, S., Valchev, D. G., Dinovitser, A., Chappell, J. M., Iqbal, A., Ng, B. W. -H., . . . Abbott, D. (2016). Terahertz signal classification based on geometric algebra. IEEE Transactions on Terahertz Science and Technology, 6(6), 793-802.
    DOI Scopus8 WoS8
    2016 Chappell, J. M., Hartnett, J. G., Iannella, N., Iqbal, A., & Abbott, D. (2016). Time as a geometric property of space. Frontiers in Physics, 4(NOV), 44.
    DOI Scopus1 WoS2
    2016 Chappell, J., Iqbal, A., Hartnett, J., & Abbott, D. (2016). The vector algebra war: a historical perspective. IEEE Access, 4, 1997-2004.
    DOI Scopus11 WoS10
    2016 Iqbal, A., Chappell, J., & Abbott, D. (2016). On the equivalence between non-factorizable mixed-strategy classical games and quantum games. Royal Society Open Science, 3(1), 1-11.
    DOI Scopus13 WoS13 Europe PMC3
    2015 Chappell, J., Iqbal, A., Gunn, L., & Abbott, D. (2015). Functions of multivector variables. PLoS One, 10(3), e0116943-1-e0116943-21.
    DOI Scopus6 WoS9
    2015 Iqbal, A., Chappell, J., & Abbott, D. (2015). Social optimality in quantum Bayesian games. Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, 436, 798-805.
    DOI Scopus19 WoS17
    2014 Chappell, J. M., Drake, S. P., Seidel, C. L., Gunn, L. J., Iqbal, A., Allison, A., & Abbott, D. (2014). Geometric algebra for electrical and electronic engineers. Proceedings of the IEEE, 102(9), 1340-1363.
    DOI Scopus29 WoS32
    2014 Iqbal, A., Chappell, J. M., Li, Q., Pearce, C. E. M., & Abbott, D. (2014). A probabilistic approach to quantum Bayesian games of incomplete information. Quantum Information Processing, 13(2), 2783-2800.
    DOI Scopus20 WoS19
    2013 Li, Q., Chen, M., Perc, M., Iqbal, A., & Abbott, D. (2013). Effects of adaptive degrees of trust on coevolution of quantum strategies on scale-free networks. Scientific Reports, 3, 1-7.
    DOI Scopus28 WoS25 Europe PMC7
    2013 Li, Q., Iqbal, A., Perc, M., Chen, M., & Abbott, D. (2013). Coevolution of quantum and classical strategies on evolving random networks. PLoS One, 8(7), 1-10.
    DOI Scopus27 WoS20 Europe PMC8
    2013 Chappell, J., Iqbal, A., Lohe, M., Von Smekal, L., & Abbott, D. (2013). An improved formalism for quantum computation based on geometric algebra - case study: Grover's search algorithm. Quantum Information Processing, 12(4), 1719-1735.
    DOI Scopus4 WoS3
    2012 Eshraghian, K., Kavehei, O., Cho, K. R., Chappell, J., Iqbal, A., Al-Sarawi, S., & Abbott, D. (2012). Memristive device fundamentals and modeling: applications to circuits and systems simulation. Proceedings of the IEEE, 100(6), 1991-2007.
    DOI Scopus88 WoS82
    2012 Chappell, J., Iqbal, A., & Abbott, D. (2012). N-player quantum games in an EPR setting. PLoS One, 7(5), 1-9.
    DOI Scopus19 WoS16 Europe PMC3
    2012 Li, Q., Iqbal, A., Chen, M., & Abbott, D. (2012). Quantum strategies win in a defector-dominated population. Physica A, 391(11), 3316-3322.
    DOI Scopus26 WoS25
    2012 Chappell, J., Iqbal, A., & Abbott, D. (2012). Analysis of two-player quantum games in an EPR setting using Clifford's geometric algebra. PLoS One, 7(1), e29015-1-e29015-8.
    DOI Scopus10 WoS10 Europe PMC4
    2012 Chappell, J., Chappell, M., Iqbal, A., & Abbott, D. (2012). The gravity field of a cube. Physics International, 3(2), 50-57.
    DOI
    2012 Chappell, J., Iqbal, A., Iannella, N., & Abbott, D. (2012). Revisiting special relativity: a natural algebraic alternative to Minkowski spacetime. PLoS One, 7(12), 1-10.
    DOI Scopus6 WoS5 Europe PMC1
    2012 Li, Q., Iqbal, A., Chen, M., & Abbott, D. (2012). Evolution of quantum strategies on a small-world network. European Physical Journal B, 85(11), 1-9.
    DOI Scopus5 WoS5
    2012 Li, Q., Iqbal, A., Chen, M., & Abbott, D. (2012). Evolution of quantum and classical strategies on networks by group interactions. New Journal of Physics, 14(10), 1-13.
    DOI Scopus15 WoS13
    2011 Chappell, J., Iqbal, A., & Abbott, D. (2011). Analyzing three-player quantum games in an EPR type setup. PLoS One, 6(7), 1-11.
    DOI Scopus16 WoS17 Europe PMC8
    2011 Chappell, J., Lohe, M., Von Smekal, L., Iqbal, A., & Abbott, D. (2011). A precise error bound for quantum phase estimation. PLoS One, 6(5), e19663-1-e19663-4.
    DOI Scopus3 WoS1
    2010 Chappell, J., Iqbal, A., & Abbott, D. (2010). Constructing quantum games from symmetric non-factorizable joint probabilities. Physics Letters A, 374(40), 4104-4111.
    DOI Scopus10 WoS11
    2010 Kavehei, O., Iqbal, A., Kim, Y., Eshraghian, K., Al-Sarawi, S., & Abbott, D. (2010). The fourth element: characteristics, modelling and electromagnetic theory of the memristor. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series A-Mathematical Physical and Engineering Sciences, 466(2120), 2175-2202.
    DOI Scopus135 WoS100
    2010 Iqbal, A., & Abbott, D. (2010). Constructing quantum games from a system of Bell's inequalities. Physics Letters A, 374(31-32), 3155-3163.
    DOI Scopus20 WoS19
    2009 Iqbal, A., & Abbott, D. (2009). Non-factorizable joint probabilities and evolutionarily stable strategies in the quantum prisoner's dilemma game. Physics Letters A, 373(30), 2537-2541.
    DOI Scopus11 WoS8
    2009 Chappell, J., Iqbal, A., Lohe, M., & Von Smekal, L. (2009). An analysis of the quantum penny flip game using geometric algebra. Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 78(54801), 1-4.
    DOI Scopus19 WoS18
    2009 Iqbal, A., & Abbott, D. (2009). Quantum matching pennies game. Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 78(1), 014803-1-014803-8.
    DOI Scopus21 WoS18
    2008 Iqbal, A., Cheon, T., & Abbott, D. (2008). Probabilistic analysis of three-player symmetric quantum games played using the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen-Bohm setting. Physics Letters A, 372(44), 6564-6577.
    DOI Scopus31 WoS29
    2008 Cheon, T., & Iqbal, A. (2008). Bayesian Nash equilibria and Bell inequalities. Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 77(2), 024801 (6 pages).
    DOI Scopus40 WoS38
    2007 Iqbal, A., & Cheon, T. (2007). Constructing quantum games from nonfactorizable joint probabilities. Physical Review E. (Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics), 76(6), 061122-1-061122-12.
    DOI Scopus24 WoS20
    2005 Iqbal, A. (2005). Playing games with EPR-type experiments. Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical (Print Edition), 38(43), 9551-9564.
    DOI Scopus15 WoS14
    2004 Iqbal, A., & Toor, A. (2004). Stability of mixed Nash equilibria in symmetric quantum game. Communications in Theoretical Physics, 42(3), 335-338.
    DOI Scopus12 WoS10
    2004 Iqbal, A., & Weigert, S. (2004). Quantum correlation games. Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical (Print Edition), 37(22), 5873-5885.
    DOI Scopus31 WoS28
    2004 Iqbal, A. (2004). Quantum correlations and Nash equilibria of a bi-matrix game. Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical (Print Edition), 37(29), L353-L359.
    DOI Scopus8 WoS5
    2003 Iqbal, A. (2003). Quantum games with a multi-slit electron diffraction set-up. Societa Italiana di Fisica Nuovo Cimento B: General Physics, Relativity Astronomy and Mathematical Physics and Methods, 118(5), 463-468.
    DOI Scopus1
    2002 Iqbal, A., & Toor, A. (2002). Quantum mechanics gives stability to a Nash equilibrium. Physical Review A, 65(2), 022306-1-022306-5.
    DOI Scopus57 WoS49
    2002 Iqbal, A., & Toor, A. (2002). Quantum cooperative games. Physics Letters A, 293(3-4), 103-108.
    DOI Scopus45 WoS42
    2002 Iqbal, A., & Toor, A. (2002). Quantum repeated games. Physics Letters A, 300(6), 541-546.
    DOI Scopus28 WoS25
    2002 Iqbal, A., & Toor, A. (2002). Darwinism in quantum systems?. Physics Letters A, 294(5-6), 261-270.
    DOI Scopus21 WoS18
    2002 Iqbal, A., & Toor, A. (2002). Backwards-induction outcome in a quantum game. Physical Review A, 65(5), 052328-1-052328-8.
    DOI Scopus61 WoS60
    2001 Iqbal, A., & Toor, A. H. (2001). Evolutionarily stable strategies in quantum games. Physics Letters A, 280(5-6), 249-256.
    DOI Scopus96 WoS86
    2001 Iqbal, A., & Toor, A. (2001). Entanglement and dynamic stability of Nash equilibria in a symmetric quantum game. Physics Letters A, 286(4), 245-250.
    DOI Scopus25 WoS22
  • Book Chapters

    Year Citation
    2008 Iqbal, A., & Cheon, T. (2008). Evolutionary stability in quantum games. In D. Abbott, P. Davies, & A. Pati (Eds.), Quantum Aspects of Life (pp. 251-288). London: Imperial College Press.
    DOI Scopus7
  • Conference Papers

    Year Citation
    2021 AlSayegh, M. A. K., & Iqbal, A. (2021). The impact of the vaccination and booster shots in containing the COVID-19 epidemic in Bahrain: a game theory approach. In 2021 Third International Sustainability and Resilience Conference: Climate Change. IEEE.
    DOI
    2016 Zhou, S. L., Valchev, D. G., Dinovitser, A., Chappell, J. M., Iqbal, A., Ng, B. W. -H., . . . Abbott, D. (2016). Dispersion-independent terahertz classification based on Geometric Algebra for substance detection. In Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz waves (IRMMW-THz), 2016 41st International Conference on Vol. 2016-November (pp. 1-2). online: IEEE.
    DOI Scopus1
    2010 Bruza, P., Iqbal, A., & Kitto, K. (2010). The role of non-factorizability in determining "pseudo-classical" non-separability. In AAAI Fall Symposium - Technical Report Vol. FS-10-08 (pp. 26-31).
    Scopus3
    2010 Bruza, P., Iqbal, A., & Kitto, K. (2010). The role of non-factorizability in determining ''Pseudo-classical' non-separability. In Proceedings of Quantum Informatics 2010 (pp. 1-6). www.aaai.org: AAAI.
    2009 Kavehei, O., Kim, Y. S., Iqbal, A., Eshraghian, K., Al-Sarawi, S., & Abbott, D. (2009). The fourth element: Insights into the Memristor. In Proceedings of ICCCAS 2009 (pp. 921-927). USA: IEEE.
    DOI Scopus23 WoS24
    2008 Iqbal, A., & Cheon, T. (2008). Constructing multi-player quantum games from non-factorizable joint probabilities - art. no. 68020A. In D. Abbott, T. Aste, M. Batchelor, R. Dewar, T. DiMatteo, & T. Guttmann (Eds.), COMPLEX SYSTEMS II Vol. 6802 (pp. A8020). Canberra, AUSTRALIA: SPIE-INT SOC OPTICAL ENGINEERING.
    WoS2
    2007 Iqbal, A., & Cheon, T. (2007). Constructing multi-player quantum games from non-factorizable joint probabilities. In SPIE Microelectronics, MEMS, and Nanotechnology 2007 Proceedings Vol. 6802 (pp. 1-9). Sydney: SPIE.
    DOI Scopus8
  • Conference Items

    Year Citation
    2017 32nd Annual Meeting and Pre-Conference Programs of the Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer (SITC 2017): Late-Breaking Abstracts (2017). Poster session presented at the meeting of Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer. BMJ.
    DOI
  • Working Paper

    Year Citation
    2021 Iqbal, A., & Abbott, D. (2021). A new quantum game framework: When player strategies are via directional choices.
  • Internet Publications

    Year Citation
    2022 Iqbal, A. (2022). An Urdu translation of the Australian National Anthem.
    2022 Iqbal, A. (2022). An Urdu translation of the Australian National Anthem.
    2019 Iqbal, A., & Abbott, D. (2019). Quantum strategies and evolutionary stability (in Urdu). Eqbal Ahmad Centre for Public Education: https://eacpe.org/.
    2019 Iqbal, A., Hoodbhoy, P., & Abbott, D. (2019). Can Quantum-Mechanical Description of Physical Reality Be Considered Complete? (An Urdu Translation). Eqbal Ahmad Centre for Public Education.
    2016 Iqbal, A. (2016). Looking at World Events Through the Prism of Game Theory. SAGE International Australia.
  • Faculty of Engineering, Computer & Mathematical Sciences (ECMS) Interdisciplinary Research Grant Scheme 2016 (jointly with Prof Derek Abbott & Dr Virginie Masson) at the University of Adelaide, AU$ 30,000 (2016-2017)
  • Discovery Research Grant DP0771453 and Fellowship (Principal Investigator) from Australian Research Council (ARC) at University of Adelaide, AU$ 247,092 (2007-2011)
  • Research Grant P06330 and Fellowship (Principal Investigator) from Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) at Kochi University of Technology, Japanese Yen 4,958,500 (2006-2007)
  • Fully funded PhD Research Scholarship from the University of Hull, UK, for overseas research students (2002-2005)
  • Fully funded Merit Scholarship from the Government of Pakistan for studying overseas at the University of Sheffield, UK (1992-1995)

Department of Mathematics, College of Science, University of Bahrain (UoB):

Course                                                            Credit Hours             Number of Students

2nd Semester 2020-2021:

Calculus II (Maths 102)                                                         3                                  128

Calculus & Analytical Geometry II (Maths 122)                4                                  71

Calculus & Analytical Geometry III (Maths 204)               3                                  47

Fluid Mechanics (Maths 387)                                              3                                  8

1st Semester 2020-2021:

Calculus II (Maths 102)                                                        3                                  246

Methods of Applied Mathematics (Maths 381)               3                                  35

Analytical Mechanics (Maths 385)                                     3                                  39

2nd Semester 2019-2020:

Calculus II (Maths 102)                                                        3                                  88

Maths for Business Management I (Maths 103)             3                                  99

Calculus & Analytic Geometry III (Maths 204)                 3                                  29

School of Electrical & Electronic Engineering, University of Adelaide:

  • Avionic Sensors & Systems Combined (Level 4), 2014 Semester 2: Guest Lecturer (approximate class size: 20).
  • Communications/Principles of Communication Systems (Combined) (Level 4), 2012 Semester 1: Guest Lecturer (approximate class size: 20).
  • Communications/Principles of Communication Systems (Combined) (Level 4), 2011 Semester 1: Guest Lecturer (approximate class size: 20).

Department of Mathematics & Statistics, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals (KFUPM), Saudi Arabia:

  • Methods of Applied Mathematics (Level 3), Jan 2013 to May 2014, taught this course 4 times
  • Elements of Differential Equations (Level 2), Jan 2013 to May 2014, taught this course twice

(I taught these courses to classes of Mechanical, Electrical, and Aerospace Engineering students. The class size was approximately 40. In the year 2012 the Department of Mathematics & Statistics at KFUPM was ranked 50th in the world by the Academic Ranking of the World Universities.

National University of Sciences & Technology (NUST), Pakistan:

  • Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Mechanics (Level 4), July-Nov 2006

(I created the course contents at NUST’s School of Natural Sciences (SNS), approximate class size: 20).

Riphah International University (RUI), Islamabad, Pakistan:

  • Engineering Electromagnetics (Level 2), Sep 2000-Sep 2001

(I taught this course twice as Visiting Faculty while I was a PhD student at the Quaid-i-Azam University. The classes consisted of students in Electrical Engineering and the approximate class size was 20. The course was focused on both Vector Calculus and the Electromagnetism)

Tutoring experience

School of Electrical & Electronic Engineering, University of Adelaide:

  • Electronic Circuits (Level 2), 2018 Semester 1
  • Electronic Circuits (Level 2), 2017 Semester 1
  • Electronic Circuits (Level 2), 2016 Semester 1
  • Electronic Systems (Level 1), 2016 Semester 1

Maths Learning Centre, University of Adelaide:

  • Undergrad Maths courses (Various Levels), 2017 to 2019.
  • Position: Adjunct Senior Lecturer
  • Phone: 83135589
  • Email: azhar.iqbal@adelaide.edu.au
  • Campus: North Terrace
  • Building: Ingkarni Wardli, floor 3
  • Room: 3 49
  • Org Unit: School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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