Skip to main content

Associate Professor Timothy Cavagnaro

Timothy Cavagnaro
Associate Professor
School of Agriculture, Food and Wine
Faculty of Sciences

Tim Cavagnaro is an Associate Professor and Future Fellow in the School of Agriculture, Food and Wine, The University of Adelaide. His teaching and research interests are in soil ecology and plant biology. Members of his research group investigate the impacts of land management and environmental change on soil microbial communities, nutrient cycling and plant growth and nutrition. Ultimately, the goal of Tim’s research is to help to increase global food production in a sustainable manner. You can learn more about this research at

Connect With Me

External Profiles

Other Links

Associate Professor Timothy Cavagnaro

Tim Cavagnaro is an Associate Professor and Future Fellow in the School of Agriculture, Food and Wine, The University of Adelaide. His teaching and research interests are in soil ecology and plant biology. Members of his research group investigate the impacts of land management and environmental change on soil microbial communities, nutrient cycling and plant growth and nutrition. Ultimately, the goal of Tim’s research is to help to increase global food production in a sustainable manner. You can learn more about this research at

Eligible to supervise Masters and PhD — email supervisor to discuss availability.

Tim’s Soil Ecology Research Group seeks to discover the impacts of environmental change and management on soil ecological processes. A key theme in our research is undertaking high quality fundamental and applied research that can be used by policy makers to make informed decisions. Our research involves a number of projects in two main areas:

  • Fundamental soil ecology: linking microbial diversity to ecosystem function. This includes our work on molecular ecology and the role of microbes in releasing nutrients from organic matter.

  • The role of soil microbes in making available, and delivering nutrients, to plants. This includes our work on mycorrhizas.

Research outcomes are used to address issues of national and international significance. Spanning the science-policy interface is therefore an important theme in our research.


Date Position Institution name
2015 Associate Professor and Future Fellow The University of Adelaide
2014 - 2015 Senior Lecturer and Future Fellow University of Adelaide
2006 - 2014 Senior Lecturer and Future Fellow Monash University
2003 - 2006 Project Scientist University of California, Davis
2001 - 2003 ARC Research Associate University of Adelaide


Date Institution name Country Title
2007 - 2009 Monash University Australia Grad. Cert. High. Ed
1998 - 2001 The University of Adelaide Australia PhD
1994 - 1997 The University of Adelaide Australia B Ag Sc (Hons)


Year Citation
2018 Drake, J., Patti, A., Whan, K., Jackson, W., & Cavagnaro, T. (2018). Can we maintain productivity on broad acre dairy farms during early transition from mineral to compost fertilization?. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 257, 12-19.
2018 Smith, M., Delean, S., Cavagnaro, T., & Facelli, J. (2018). Evidence for species-specific plant responses to soil microbial communities from remnant and degraded land provides promise for restoration. Austral Ecology, 43(3), 301-308.
2018 Bowles, T., Jackson, L., & Cavagnaro, T. (2018). Mycorrhizal fungi enhance plant nutrient acquisition and modulate nitrogen loss with variable water regimes. Global Change Biology, 24(1), e171-e182.
2018 Paul, K., England, J., Baker, T., Cunningham, S., Perring, M., Polglase, P., . . . Herrmann, T. (2018). Using measured stocks of biomass and litter carbon to constrain modelled estimates of sequestration of soil organic carbon under contrasting mixed-species environmental plantings. Science of the Total Environment, 615, 348-359.
2018 Hale, R., Reich, P., Daniel, T., Lake, P., & Cavagnaro, T. (2018). Assessing changes in structural vegetation and soil properties following riparian restoration. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 252, 22-29.
2018 Bond, A., O'Connor, P., & Cavagnaro, T. (2018). Who participates in conservation incentive programs? Absentee and group landholders are in the mix. Land Use Policy, 72, 410-419.
2018 Ngo, H., & Cavagnaro, T. (2018). Interactive effects of compost and pre-planting soil moisture on plant biomass, nutrition and formation of mycorrhizas: a context dependent response. Scientific Reports, 8(1), 1-9.
2017 Xie, H., Konate, M., Sai, N., Tesfamicael, K., Cavagnaro, T., Gilliham, M., . . . Lopez, C. (2017). Global DNA methylation patterns can play a role in defining terroir in grapevine (Vitis vinifera cv. Shiraz). Frontiers in Plant Science, 8, 1860-1-1860-16.
DOI Scopus1 WoS1 Europe PMC1
2017 Cavagnaro, T., & Cunningham, S. (2017). Predicting carbon stocks following reforestation of pastures: a sampling scenario-based approach for testing the utility of field-measured and remotely derived variables. Land Degradation and Development, 28(3), 1122-1133.
2017 Bowles, T., Jackson, L., Loeher, M., & Cavagnaro, T. (2017). Ecological intensification and arbuscular mycorrhizas: a meta-analysis of tillage and cover crop effects. Journal of Applied Ecology, 54(6), 1785-1793.
DOI Scopus5 WoS3
2017 Mackay, J., Macdonald, L., Smernik, R., & Cavagnaro, T. (2017). Organic amendments as phosphorus fertilisers: chemical analyses, biological processes and plant P uptake. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 107, 50-59.
DOI Scopus7 WoS7
2017 Madhavan, D., Baldock, J., Read, Z., Murphy, S., Cunningham, S., Perring, M., . . . Baker, T. (2017). Rapid prediction of particulate, humus and resistant fractions of soil organic carbon in reforested lands using infrared spectroscopy. Journal of Environmental Management, 193, 290-299.
DOI Scopus1 WoS1
2017 Cunningham, S., Roxburgh, S., Paul, K., Patti, A., & Cavagnaro, T. (2017). Generating spatially and statistically representative maps of environmental variables to test the efficiency of alternative sampling protocols. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 243, 103-113.
DOI Scopus1 WoS1
2017 Xie, H., Konate, M., Sai, N., Gebremicael Tesfamicael, K., Cavagnaro, T., Gilliham, M., . . . Rodriguez Lopez, C. M. (2017). Environmental Conditions And Agronomic Practices Induce Consistent Global Changes In DNA Methylation Patterns In Grapevine (Vitis vinifera cv Shiraz). BioRxiv.
2017 Fabres, P., Collins, C., Cavagnaro, T., & López, C. (2017). A concise review on multi-omics data integration for terroir analysis in vitis vinifera. Frontiers in Plant Science, 8, 8 pages.
DOI Scopus3 WoS3 Europe PMC3
2017 Saha, B., Rose, M., Wong, V., Cavagnaro, T., & Patti, A. (2017). Hybrid brown coal-urea fertiliser reduces nitrogen loss compared to urea alone. Science of the Total Environment, 601-602, 1496-1504.
2017 Mackay, J., Cavagnaro, T., Jakobsen, I., Macdonald, L., Grønlund, M., Thomsen, T., & Müller-Stöver, D. (2017). Evaluation of phosphorus in thermally converted sewage sludge: P pools and availability to wheat. Plant and Soil, 418(1-2), 307-317.
DOI Scopus3 WoS3
2017 McHugh, I., Beringer, J., Cunningham, S., Baker, P., Cavagnaro, T., MacNally, R., & Thompson, R. (2017). Interactions between nocturnal turbulent flux, storage and advection at an "ideal" eucalypt woodland site. Biogeosciences, 14(12), 3027-3050.
DOI Scopus5 WoS4
2017 Mackay, J., Cavagnaro, T., Müller Stöver, D., Macdonald, L., Grønlund, M., & Jakobsen, I. (2017). A key role for arbuscular mycorrhiza in plant acquisition of P from sewage sludge recycled to soil. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 115, 11-20.
DOI Scopus1 WoS1
2017 Watts-Williams, S., Cavagnaro, T., & Tyerman, S. (2017). The dual benefit of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi under soil zinc deficiency and toxicity: linking plant physiology and gene expression. Plant and Soil, 420(1-2), 375-388.
2016 Drake, J., Cavagnaro, T., Cunningham, S., Jackson, W., & Patti, A. (2016). Does biochar improve establishment of tree seedlings in saline sodic soils?. Land Degradation and Development, 27(1), 52-59.
DOI Scopus17 WoS15
2016 Nguyen, T. T., Cavagnaro, T. R., Ngo, T. T. H., & Marschner, P. (2016). Soil respiration, microbial biomass and nutrient availability in soil amended with high and low C/N residue - influence of interval between residue additions. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 95, 189-197.
DOI Scopus9 WoS8
2016 Cavagnaro, T. R. (2016). Soil moisture legacy effects: impacts on soil nutrients, plants and mycorrhizal responsiveness. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 95, 173-179.
DOI Scopus13 WoS12
2016 Rose, M., Cavagnaro, T., Scanlan, C., Rose, T., Vancov, T., Kimber, S., . . . Van Zwieten, L. (2016). Impact of herbicides on soil biology and function. Advances in Agronomy, 136, 133-220.
DOI Scopus7
2016 Cavagnaro, T. (2016). Life at the interface: above- and below-ground responses of a grazed pasture soil to reforestation. Applied Soil Ecology, 100, 27-37.
DOI Scopus4 WoS4
2016 Judy, J., Kirby, J., McLaughlin, M., Cavagnaro, T., & Bertsch, P. (2016). Gold nanomaterial uptake from soil is not increased by arbuscular mycorrhizal colonization of solanum lycopersicum (Tomato). Nanomaterials, 6(4), 9 pages.
DOI Scopus1 Europe PMC1
2016 England, J., Paul, K., Cunningham, S., Madhavan, D., Baker, T., Read, Z., . . . Polglase, P. (2016). Previous land use and climate influence differences in soil organic carbon following reforestation of agricultural land with mixed-species plantings. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 227, 61-72.
DOI Scopus4 WoS4
2016 Brown, A., Cavagnaro, T., Gleadow, R., & Miller, R. (2016). Interactive effects of temperature and drought on cassava growth and toxicity: implications for food security?. Global Change Biology, 22(10), 3461-3473.
DOI Scopus2 WoS2
2016 Cavagnaro, T., Cunningham, S., & Fitzpatrick, S. (2016). Pastures to woodlands: changes in soil microbial communities and carbon following reforestation. Applied Soil Ecology, 107, 24-32.
DOI Scopus8 WoS6
2016 Mackay, J., Cunningham, S., & Cavagnaro, T. (2016). Riparian reforestation: are there changes in soil carbon and soil microbial communities?. Science of the Total Environment, 566-567, 960-967.
DOI Scopus10 WoS8 Europe PMC2
2016 Bowles, T., Barrios-Masias, F., Carlisle, E., Cavagnaro, T., & Jackson, L. (2016). Effects of arbuscular mycorrhizae on tomato yield, nutrient uptake, water relations, and soil carbon dynamics under deficit irrigation in field conditions. Science of the Total Environment, 566-567, 1223-1234.
DOI Scopus11 WoS11 Europe PMC4
2016 Hoogmoed, M., Cunningham, S., Baker, P., Beringer, J., & Cavagnaro, T. (2016). Effects of wetting frequency and afforestation on carbon, nitrogen and the microbial community in soil. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 231, 34-43.
DOI Scopus2 WoS2
2016 Rose, M., Perkins, E., Saha, B., Tang, E., Cavagnaro, T., Jackson, W., . . . Patti, A. (2016). A slow release nitrogen fertiliser produced by simultaneous granulation and superheated steam drying of urea with brown coal. Chemical and Biological Technologies in Agriculture, 3(1), 1-14.
DOI Scopus3
2015 Ng, E. L., Patti, A. F., Rose, M. T., Schefe, C. R., Smernik, R. J., & Cavagnaro, T. R. (2015). Do organic inputs alter resistance and resilience of soil microbial community to drying?. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 81, 58-66.
DOI Scopus11 WoS12
2015 Watts-Williams, S., Smith, F., McLaughlin, M., Patti, A., & Cavagnaro, T. (2015). How important is the mycorrhizal pathway for plant Zn uptake?. Plant and Soil, 390(1-2), 157-166.
DOI Scopus11 WoS12
2015 Hansen, B., Reich, P., Cavagnaro, T., & Lake, P. (2015). Challenges in applying scientific evidence to width recommendations for riparian management in agricultural Australia. Ecological Management and Restoration, 16(1), 50-57.
DOI Scopus5 WoS6
2015 Cavagnaro, T. (2015). Biologically regulated nutrient supply systems: compost and arbuscular mycorrhizas - a review. Advances in Agronomy, 129, 293-321.
DOI Scopus10 WoS8
2015 Drake, J., Carrucan, A., Jackson, W., Cavagnaro, T., & Patti, A. (2015). Biochar application during reforestation alters species present and soil chemistry. Science of the Total Environment, 514, 359-365.
DOI Scopus7 WoS4 Europe PMC2
2015 Wong, M. R., Morgan, J. W., Wong, N. K., & Cavagnaro, T. R. (2015). The incorporation of fungal to bacterial ratios and plant ecosystem effect traits into a state-and-transition model of land-use change in semi-arid grasslands. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 201, 11-19.
DOI Scopus3 WoS3
2015 Damsma, K., Rose, M., & Cavagnaro, T. (2015). Landscape scale survey of indicators of soil health in grazing systems. Soil Research, 53(2), 154-167.
DOI Scopus2 WoS3
2015 Cavagnaro, T., Bender, S., Asghari, H., & Heijden, M. (2015). The role of arbuscular mycorrhizas in reducing soil nutrient loss. Trends in Plant Science, 20(5), 283-290.
DOI Scopus23 WoS21 Europe PMC8
2015 Watts-Williams, S., & Cavagnaro, T. (2015). Using mycorrhiza-defective mutant genotypes of non-legume plant species to study the formation and functioning of arbuscular mycorrhiza: a review. Mycorrhiza, 25(8), 587-597.
DOI Scopus5 WoS3 Europe PMC2
2015 Aguilar-Trigueros, C., Hempel, S., Powell, J., Anderson, I., Antonovics, J., Bergmann, J., . . . Rillig, M. (2015). Branching out: towards a trait-based understanding of fungal ecology. Fungal Biology Reviews, 29(1), 34-41.
DOI Scopus33 WoS32
2015 Watts-Williams, S., Jakobsen, I., Cavagnaro, T., & Grønlund, M. (2015). Local and distal effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal colonization on direct pathway Pi uptake and root growth in medicago truncatula. Journal of Experimental Botany, 66(13), 4061-4073.
DOI Scopus13 WoS11 Europe PMC8
2015 Marschner, P., Hatam, Z., & Cavagnaro, T. R. (2015). Soil respiration, microbial biomass and nutrient availability after the second amendment are influenced by legacy effects of prior residue addition. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 88, 169-177.
DOI Scopus27 WoS21
2015 Cunningham, S., Mac Nally, R., Baker, P., Cavagnaro, T., Beringer, J., Thomson, J., & Thompson, R. (2015). Balancing the environmental benefits of reforestation in agricultural regions. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 17(4), 301-317.
DOI Scopus25 WoS22
2015 Kim Thi Tran, C., Rose, M. T., Cavagnaro, T. R., & Patti, A. F. (2015). Lignite amendment has limited impacts on soil microbial communities and mineral nitrogen availability. Applied Soil Ecology, 95, 140-150.
DOI Scopus5 WoS4
2015 Judy, J., Kirby, J., Creamer, C., McLaughlin, M., Fiebiger, C., Wright, C., . . . Bertsch, P. (2015). Effects of silver sulfide nanomaterials on mycorrhizal colonization of tomato plants and soil microbial communities in biosolid-amended soil. Environmental Pollution, 206, 256-263.
DOI Scopus20 WoS20 Europe PMC8
2015 Cunningham, S., Cavagnaro, T., Nally, R., Paul, K., Baker, P., Beringer, J., . . . Thompson, R. (2015). Reforestation with native mixed-species plantings in a temperate continental climate effectively sequesters and stabilizes carbon within decades. Global Change Biology, 21(4), 1552-1566.
DOI Scopus20 WoS19 Europe PMC2
2014 Payne, E., Fletcher, T., Russell, D., Grace, M., Cavagnaro, T., Evrard, V., . . . Cook, P. (2014). Temporary storage or permanent removal? The division of nitrogen between biotic assimilation and denitrification in stormwater biofiltration systems. PLoS One, 9(3), e90890-1-e90890-12.
DOI Scopus31 WoS25 Europe PMC4
2014 Watts-Williams, S., Turney, T., Patti, A., & Cavagnaro, T. (2014). Uptake of zinc and phosphorus by plants is affected by zinc fertiliser material and arbuscular mycorrhizas. Plant and Soil, 376(1-2), 165-175.
DOI Scopus19 WoS19
2014 Hale, R., Reich, P., Daniel, T., Lake, P. S., & Cavagnaro, T. R. (2014). Scales that matter: guiding effective monitoring of soil properties in restored riparian zones. Geoderma, 228-229, 173-181.
DOI Scopus15 WoS10
2014 Ng, E. L., Patti, A. F., Rose, M. T., Schefe, C. R., Wilkinson, K., & Cavagnaro, T. R. (2014). Functional stoichiometry of soil microbial communities after amendment with stabilised organic matter. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 76, 170-178.
DOI Scopus16 WoS13
2014 Watts-Williams, S., & Cavagnaro, T. (2014). Nutrient interactions and arbuscular mycorrhizas: a meta-analysis of a mycorrhiza-defective mutant and wild-type tomato genotype pair. Plant and Soil, 384(1-2), 79-92.
DOI Scopus22 WoS17
2014 Cavagnaro, T. R. (2014). Impacts of compost application on the formation and functioning of arbuscular mycorrhizas. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 78, 38-44.
DOI Scopus19 WoS16
2014 Hoogmoed, M., Cunningham, S. C., Baker, P., Beringer, J., & Cavagnaro, T. R. (2014). N-fixing trees in restoration plantings: effects on nitrogen supply and soil microbial communities. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 77, 203-212.
DOI Scopus15 WoS11
2014 Little, K. R., Rose, M. T., Jackson, W. R., Cavagnaro, T. R., & Patti, A. F. (2014). Do lignite-derived organic amendments improve early-stage pasture growth and key soil biological and physicochemical properties?. Crop and Pasture Science, 65(9), 899-910.
DOI Scopus7 WoS7
2014 Ng, E. L., Patti, A., Rose, M., Schefe, C., Wilkinson, K., Smernik, R., & Cavagnaro, T. (2014). Does the chemical nature of soil carbon drive the structure and functioning of soil microbial communities?. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 70, 54-61.
DOI Scopus42 WoS37
2014 Hoogmoed, M., Cunningham, S., Baker, P., Beringer, J., & Cavagnaro, T. (2014). Is there more soil carbon under nitrogen-fixing trees than under non-nitrogen-fixing trees in mixed-species restoration plantings?. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment, 188, 80-84.
DOI Scopus19 WoS16
2014 Miller, R., Gleadow, R., & Cavagnaro, T. (2014). Age versus stage: does ontogeny modify the effect of phosphorus and arbuscular mycorrhizas on above- and below-ground defence in forage sorghum?. Plant, Cell & Environment, 37(4), 929-942.
DOI Scopus11 WoS13 Europe PMC4
2013 Watts-Williams, S., Patti, A., & Cavagnaro, T. (2013). Arbuscular mycorrhizas are beneficial under both deficient and toxic soil zinc conditions. Plant and Soil, 371(1-2), 299-312.
DOI Scopus27 WoS25
2013 Vandegeer, R., Miller, R., Bain, M., Gleadow, R., & Cavagnaro, T. (2013). Drought adversely affects tuber development and nutritional quality of the staple crop cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz). Functional Plant Biology, 40(2), 195-200.
DOI Scopus21 WoS15
2013 Mosse, K., Verheyen, T., Cruickshank, A., Patti, A., & Cavagnaro, T. (2013). Soluble organic components of winery wastewater and implications for reuse. Agricultural Water Management, 120(1), 5-10.
DOI Scopus8 WoS5
2013 Mosse, K., Lee, J., Leachman, B., Parikh, S., Cavagnaro, T., Patti, A., & Steenwerth, K. (2013). Irrigation of an established vineyard with winery cleaning agent solution (simulated winery wastewater): vine growth, berry quality, and soil chemistry. Agricultural Water Management, 123, 93-102.
DOI Scopus11 WoS11
2013 Minett, D., Cook, P., Kessler, A., & Cavagnaro, T. (2013). Root effects on the spatial and temporal dynamics of oxygen in sand-based laboratory-scale constructed biofilters. Ecological Engineering, 58, 414-422.
DOI Scopus16 WoS12
2012 Watts-Williams, S., & Cavagnaro, T. (2012). Arbuscular mycorrhizas modify tomato responses to soil zinc and phosphorus addition. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 48(3), 285-294.
DOI Scopus33 WoS32
2012 Smith, M., Conte, P., Berns, A., Thomson, J., & Cavagnaro, T. (2012). Spatial patterns of, and environmental controls on, soil properties at a riparian-paddock interface. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 49, 38-45.
DOI Scopus19 WoS17
2012 Slattery, R., Rosenthal, D., Miller, R., Grennan, A., Cavagnaro, T., Fauquet, C., . . . Ort, D. (2012). Cassava about-FACE: Greater than expected yield stimulation of cassava (Manihot esculenta) by future CO2 levels. Global Change Biology, 18(8), 2661-2675.
DOI Scopus31 WoS27
2012 Mosse, K., Verheyen, T., Cruickshank, A., Patti, A., & Cavagnaro, T. (2012). Thermochemolysis of winery wastewater particulates - molecular structural implications for water reuse. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 97, 164-170.
DOI Scopus2 WoS2
2012 Hoogmoed, M., Cunningham, S., Thomson, J., Baker, P., Beringer, J., & Cavagnaro, T. (2012). Does afforestation of pastures increase sequestration of soil carbon in Mediterranean climates?. Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment, 159, 176-183.
DOI Scopus24 WoS23
2012 Cunningham, S., Metzeling, K., Mac Nally, R., Thomson, J., & Cavagnaro, T. (2012). Changes in soil carbon of pastures after afforestation with mixed species: sampling, heterogeneity and surrogates. Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment, 158, 58-65.
DOI Scopus20 WoS23
2012 Cavagnaro, T., Barrios-Masias, F., & Jackson, L. (2012). Arbuscular mycorrhizas and their role in plant growth, nitrogen interception and soil gas efflux in an organic production system. Plant and Soil, 353(1-2), 181-194.
DOI Scopus24 WoS21
2012 Burns, A., Gleadow, R., Zacarias, A., Cuambe, C., Miller, R., & Cavagnaro, T. (2012). Variations in the chemical composition of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) leaves and roots as affected by genotypic and environmental variation. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 60(19), 4946-4956.
DOI Scopus30 WoS26 Europe PMC13
2012 Burns, A., Bradbury, J., Cavagnaro, T., & Gleadow, R. (2012). Total cyanide content of cassava food products in Australia. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 25(1), 79-82.
DOI Scopus21 WoS21
2012 Asghari, H., & Cavagnaro, T. (2012). Arbuscular mycorrhizas reduce nitrogen loss via leaching. PLoS One, 7(1), e29825-1-e29825-5.
DOI Scopus28 WoS21 Europe PMC9
2012 Mosse, K., Patti, A., Smernik, R., Christen, E., & Cavagnaro, T. (2012). Physicochemical and microbiological effects of long- and short-term winery wastewater application to soils. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 201, 219-228.
DOI Scopus27 WoS26 Europe PMC6
2011 Williams, L., Hale, R., Cavagnaro, T., Reich, P., & Lake, P. (2011). Developing a vision for improved monitoring and reporting of riparian restoration projects: MDBA Riparian Restoration Experiment Workshop, Melbourne, 16 November 2010. Ecological Management and Restoration, 12(1), e11-e16.
DOI Scopus2
2011 Mosse, K., Patti, A., Christen, E., & Cavagnaro, T. (2011). Review: winery wastewater quality and treatment options in Australia. Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research, 17(2), 111-122.
DOI Scopus56 WoS55
2011 Cavagnaro, T., Gleadow, R., & Miller, R. (2011). Plant nutrient acquisition and utilisation in a high carbon dioxide world. Functional Plant Biology, 38(2), 87-96.
DOI Scopus26 WoS24
2011 Cavagnaro, T., & Martin, A. (2011). Arbuscular mycorrhizas in southeastern Australian processing tomato farm soils. Plant and Soil, 340(1-2), 327-336.
DOI Scopus17 WoS17
2011 Asghari, H., & Cavagnaro, T. (2011). Arbuscular mycorrhizas enhance plant interception of leached nutrients. Functional Plant Biology, 38(3), 219-226.
DOI Scopus35 WoS32
2010 Tran, J., & Cavagnaro, T. (2010). Growth and mycorrhizal colonization of two grasses in soils with different inundation histories. Journal of Arid Environments, 74(6), 715-717.
DOI Scopus5 WoS5
2010 Mosse, K., Patti, A., Christen, E., & Cavagnaro, T. (2010). Winery wastewater inhibits seed germination and vegetative growth of common crop species. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 180(1-3), 63-70.
DOI Scopus27 WoS26 Europe PMC8
2010 McKey, D., Cavagnaro, T., Cliff, J., & Gleadow, R. (2010). Chemical ecology in coupled human and natural systems: people, manioc, multitrophic interactions and global change. Chemoecology, 20(2), 109-133.
DOI Scopus35 WoS31
2010 Burger, B., Reich, P., & Cavagnaro, T. (2010). Trajectories of change: riparian vegetation and soil conditions following livestock removal and replanting. Austral Ecology, 35(8), 980-987.
DOI Scopus18 WoS20
2010 Burns, A., Gleadow, R., Cliff, J., Zacarias, A., & Cavagnaro, T. (2010). Cassava: the drought, war and famine crop in a changing world. Sustainability, 2(11), 3572-3607.
DOI Scopus51
2010 Cavagnaro, T., Dickson, S., & Smith, F. (2010). Arbuscular mycorrhizas modify plant responses to soil zinc addition. Plant and Soil, 329(1-2), 307-313.
DOI Scopus39 WoS29
2009 Li, X., Zhu, Y., Cavagnaro, T., Chen, M., Sun, J., Chen, X., & Qiao, M. (2009). Do ammonia-oxidizing archaea respond to soil Cu contamination similarly asammonia-oxidizing bacteria?. Plant and Soil, 324(1-2), 209-217.
DOI Scopus28 WoS25
2009 Gleadow, R., Evans, J., McCaffery, S., & Cavagnaro, T. (2009). Growth and nutritive value of cassava (Manihot esculenta Cranz.) are reduced when grown in elevated CO₂. Plant Biology, 11(1), 76-82.
DOI Scopus48 WoS44 Europe PMC16
2008 Jackson, L., Burger, M., & Cavagnaro, T. (2008). Roots, nitrogen transformations, and ecosystem services. Plant Biology, 59(1), 341-363.
DOI Scopus159 WoS143 Europe PMC50
2008 Cavagnaro, T., Langley, A., Jackson, L., Smukler, S., & Koch, G. (2008). Growth, nutrition, and soil respiration of a mycorrhiza-defective tomato mutant and its mycorrhizal wild-type progenitor. Functional Plant Biology, 35(3), 228-235.
DOI Scopus27 WoS25
2008 Cavagnaro, T., Jackson, L., Hristova, K., & Scow, K. (2008). Short-term population dynamics of ammonia oxidizing bacteria in an agricultural soil. Applied Soil Ecology, 40(1), 13-18.
DOI Scopus35 WoS32
2008 Cavagnaro, T. (2008). The role of arbuscular mycorrhizas in improving plant zinc nutrition under low soil zinc concentrations: a review. Plant and Soil, 304(1-2), 315-325.
DOI Scopus86 WoS73
2007 Minoshima, H., Jackson, L., Cavagnaro, T., & Ferris, H. (2007). Short-term fates of carbon-13-depleted cowpea shoots in no-till and standard tillage soils. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 71(6), 1859-1866.
DOI Scopus5 WoS5
2007 Cavagnaro, T., Sokolow, S., & Jackson, L. (2007). Mycorrhizal effects on growth and nutrition of tomato under elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide. Functional Plant Biology, 34(8), 730-736.
DOI Scopus17 WoS17
2007 Cavagnaro, T., Jackson, L., Scow, K., & Hristova, K. (2007). Effects of arbuscular mycorrhizas on ammonia oxidizing bacteria in an organic farm soil. Microbial Ecology, 54(4), 618-626.
DOI Scopus40 WoS32 Europe PMC14
2007 Minoshima, H., Jackson, L., Cavagnaro, T., Sánchez-Moreno, S., Ferris, H., Temple, S., . . . Mitchell, J. (2007). Soil food webs and carbon dynamics in response to conservation tillage in California. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 71(3), 952-963.
DOI Scopus61 WoS59
2007 Cavagnaro, T., & Jackson, L. (2007). Isotopic fractionation of zinc in field grown tomato. Canadian Journal of Botany, 85(2), 230-235.
DOI Scopus4 WoS4
2006 Cavagnaro, T., Jackson, L., Six, J., Ferris, H., Goyal, S., Asami, D., & Scow, K. (2006). Arbuscular mycorrhizas, microbial communities, nutrient availability, and soil aggregates in organic tomato production. Plant and Soil, 282(1-2), 209-225.
DOI Scopus127 WoS123
2005 Cavagnaro, T., Smith, F., Smith, S., & Jakobsen, I. (2005). Functional diversity in arbuscular mycorrhizas: exploitation of soil patches with different phosphate enrichment differs among fungal species. Plant Cell and Environment, 28(5), 642-650.
DOI Scopus75 WoS67
2005 van Aarle, I., Cavagnaro, T., Smith, S., Smith, F., & Dickson, S. (2005). Metabolic activity of glomus intraradices in arum- and Paris-type arbuscular mycorrhizal colonization. New Phytologist, 166(2), 611-618.
DOI Scopus35 WoS33 Europe PMC14
2004 Cavagnaro, T., Smith, F., & Smith, S. (2004). Interactions between arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and a mycorrhiza-defective mutant tomato: does a noninfective fungus alter the ability of an infective fungus to colonise the roots - and vice versa?. New Phytologist, 164(3), 485-491.
DOI Scopus8 WoS8
2004 Cavagnaro, T., Smith, F., Hay, G., Cavagnaro, V., & Smith, S. (2004). Inoculum type does not affect overall resistance of an arbuscular mycorrhiza-defective tomato mutant to colonisation but inoculation does change competitive interactions with wild-type tomato. New Phytologist, 161(2), 485-494.
DOI Scopus49 WoS49
2003 Ezawa, T., Cavagnaro, T., Smith, S., Smith, F., & Ohtomo, R. (2003). Rapid accumulation of polyphosphate in extraradical hyphae of an arbulcular mycorrhizal fungus as revealed by histochemistry and a polyphosphate kinase/luciferase system. New Phytologist - Online, 161(2), 387-392.
DOI Scopus50 WoS33
2003 Cavagnaro, T., Smith, F., Ayling, S., & Smith, S. (2003). Growth and phosphorus nutrition of a Paris-type arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis. New Phytologist, 157(1), 127-134.
DOI Scopus54 WoS46
2002 Cavagnaro, T. (2002). The 6th Symposium of the International Society of Root Research: a mycorrhizast's point of view. Mycorrhiza, 12(2), 103-104.
2002 Burleigh, S., Cavagnaro, T., & Jakobsen, I. (2002). Functional diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizas extends to the expression of plant genes involved in P nutrition. Journal of Experimental Botany, 53(374), 1593-1601.
DOI Scopus131 WoS104 Europe PMC57
2001 Zhu, Y., Cavagnaro, T., Smith, S., & Dickson, S. (2001). Backseat driving? Accessing phosphate beyond the rhizosphere - depletion zone. Trends in Plant Science, 6(5), 194-195.
DOI Scopus24 WoS22 Europe PMC5
2001 Cavagnaro, T., Smith, F., Kolesik, P., Ayling, S., & Smith, S. (2001). Arbuscular mycorrhizas formed by Asphodelus fistulosus and Glomus coronatum: three-dimensional analysis of plant nuclear shift using laser scanning confocal microscopy. Symbiosis, 30(2-3), 109-121.
Scopus7 WoS5
2001 Cavagnaro, T., Smith, F., Lorimer, M., Haskard, K., Ayling, S., & Smith, S. (2001). Quantitative development of Paris-type arbuscular mycorrhizas formed between Asphodelus fistulosus and Glomus coronatum. New Phytologist, 149(1), 105-113.
DOI Scopus69 WoS63
2001 Cavagnaro, T., Gao, L., Smith, F., & Smith, S. (2001). Morphology of arbuscular mycorrhizas is influenced by fungal identity. New Phytologist, 151(2), 469-475.
DOI Scopus101 WoS96
2001 Bakhtiar, Y., Miller, D., Cavagnaro, T., & Smith, S. (2001). Interactions between two arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and fungivorous nematodes and control of the nematode with fenamifos. Applied Soil Ecology, 17(2), 107-117.
DOI Scopus26 WoS25

Book Chapters

Year Citation
2016 Ng, E. L., & Cavagnaro, T. R. (2016). Biochar Effects on Ecosystems: Insights From Lipid-Based Analysis. In T. K. Ralebitso-Senior, & C. H. Orr (Eds.), Biochar Application: Essential Soil Microbial Ecology (1 ed., pp. 55-77). Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier.
DOI Scopus1
2014 Rose, M., Patti, A., Little, K., Brown, A., Jackson, W., & Cavagnaro, T. (2014). A meta-analysis and review of plant-growth response to humic substances: practical implications for agriculture. In D. Sparks (Ed.), Advances in Agronomy (Vol. 124, pp. 37-89). United States: Academic Press.
DOI Scopus48 WoS36

Conference Papers

Year Citation
2013 Patti, A., Jackson, W., Norng, S., Rose, M., & Cavagnaro, T. (2013). Commercial humic substances stimulate tomato growth. In J. Xu, J. Wu, & Y. He (Eds.), Functions of Natural Organic Matter in Changing Environment Vol. 9789400756342 (pp. 1079-1084). China: Springer.
2013 Little, K., Rose, M., Patti, A., Cavagnaro, T., & Jackson, R. (2013). Effect of application rate of commercial lignite coal-derived amendments on early-stage growth of Medicago sativa and soil health, in acidic soil conditions. In J. Xu, J. Wu, & Y. He (Eds.), Functions of Natural Organic Matter in Changing Environment Vol. 9789400756342 (pp. 1085-1088). China: Springer.
2010 Mosse, K., Patti, A., & Cavagnaro, T. (2010). Evidence of soil microbial population acclimatisation to long-term application of winery wastewater. In 19th World Congress of Soil Science, Soil Solutions for a Changing World
1-6 August 2010, Brisbane, Australia
(pp. 57-59). DVD & Online: WCSS.
2010 Cavagnaro, T., & Martin, A. (2010). The role of mycorrhizas in plant nutrition: field and mutant based approaches. In 19th World Congress of Soil Science, Soil Solutions for a Changing World
1-6 August 2010, Brisbane, Australia
(pp. 148-151). DVD & Online: WCSS.
2009 Gleadow, R., Cavagnaro, T., O'Donnell, N., Evans, J., Neale, A., Blomstedt, C., & Hamill, J. (2009). Unbalancing global resources: Will plants be edible in a high CO2 world?. In COMPARATIVE BIOCHEMISTRY AND PHYSIOLOGY A-MOLECULAR & INTEGRATIVE PHYSIOLOGY Vol. 153A (pp. S225). Glasgow, SCOTLAND: ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC.

Conference Items

Report for External Bodies

Year Citation
2010 Hansen, B., Reich, P., Lake, P., & Cavagnaro, T. (2010). Minimum width requirements for riparian zones to protect flowing waters and to conserve biodiversity: a review and recommendations, with application to the State of Victoria. Melbourne, Australia: Monash University.
2009 Zyngier, R., Shelly, K., Baker, P., & Cavagnaro, T. (2009). Terrestrial Nutrient Cycling, Transport and Vegetation Dynamics. Melbourne, Australia: Monash University.
2006 Cavagnaro, T. R., Jackson, L. E., & Scow, K. M. (2006). Climate change: challenges and solutions for California agricultural landscapes. Public Interest Energy Research Program Report (Internationally Refereed). California Energy Commission, California. 107 pages..


Year Citation
Cavagnaro, T. (n.d.). Project files for FT120100463.

Current Higher Degree by Research Supervision (University of Adelaide)

Date Role Research Topic Program Degree Type Student Load Student Name
2017 Principal Supervisor Ecosystem Services Doctor of Philosophy Doctorate Full Time Ms Anthelia Bond
2017 Principal Supervisor The Effects of Arbuscular Mycorrhizas on the Growth and Nutrition of Food Crops Doctor of Philosophy Doctorate Full Time Ms Binh Thi Thanh Tran
2017 Principal Supervisor Mycorrhigas in Urban Agricultural Systems Doctor of Philosophy Doctorate Full Time Mr Matthias Johannes Salomon
2017 Principal Supervisor The Role of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi in Nutrient Leaching Under Salinity and Water Stress Conditions Doctor of Philosophy Doctorate Full Time Ms Cuc Thi Kim Tran
2017 Principal Supervisor Plant -Microbe Interactions and Their Implications for Soil Nutrient Cycling and Plant Nutrition Doctor of Philosophy Doctorate Full Time Ms Thi Thanh Hue Ngo
2016 Principal Supervisor Carbon Cycling in Mangrove Sediments and Impacts of Agricultural Runoff Doctor of Philosophy Doctorate Full Time Miss Christina Helen Asanopoulos
2015 Co-Supervisor Interactions between native and weed grasses at para Woodlands Doctor of Philosophy Doctorate Full Time Miss Monique Smith
2015 Principal Supervisor Manipulating the Soil Microbiome for Improving Plant Responses to N& Drought Stress Doctor of Philosophy under a Jointly-awarded Degree Agreement with Doctorate Full Time Miss Olivia Herlina Cousins
2015 Principal Supervisor Nutrient Cycling Between Litters and Soil after Fire in Native Woodland and Pinus radiata Plantations Doctor of Philosophy Doctorate Full Time Erinne Stirling

Past Higher Degree by Research Supervision (University of Adelaide)

Date Role Research Topic Program Degree Type Student Load Student Name
2015 - 2017 Co-Supervisor Soil Hydraulic and Salinity Restrictions to Water Availability in Very Sandy Soil Master of Philosophy Master Full Time Mr Justice Okona Frimpong
2014 - 2017 Principal Supervisor Biological farming systems: Is there a role for mycorrhizas and organic amendments in the grain industry? Doctor of Philosophy Doctorate Full Time Miss Jessica Eve Mackay
2014 - 2017 Co-Supervisor Clay Amended Sandy Soil - Influence of Clay Concentration and Particle Size on Nutrient Availability and Organic Carbon Content after Plant Residue Addition Doctor of Philosophy Doctorate Full Time Ms Shermeen Tahir
Associate Professor
Taylor Building, floor 3
Room Number
3 22
Org Unit
School of Agriculture, Food and Wine