Associate Professor Timothy Cavagnaro

Timothy Cavagnaro
Associate Professor
School of Agriculture, Food and Wine
Faculty of Sciences

Tim Cavagnaro is an Associate Professor and Future Fellow in the School of Agriculture, Food and Wine, The University of Adelaide. His teaching and research interests are in soil ecology and plant biology. Members of his research group investigate the impacts of land management and environmental change on soil microbial communities, nutrient cycling and plant growth and nutrition. Ultimately, the goal of Tim’s research is to help to increase global food production in a sustainable manner. You can learn more about this research at

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Associate Professor Timothy Cavagnaro

Tim Cavagnaro is an Associate Professor and Future Fellow in the School of Agriculture, Food and Wine, The University of Adelaide. His teaching and research interests are in soil ecology and plant biology. Members of his research group investigate the impacts of land management and environmental change on soil microbial communities, nutrient cycling and plant growth and nutrition. Ultimately, the goal of Tim’s research is to help to increase global food production in a sustainable manner. You can learn more about this research at

Tim’s Soil Ecology Research Group seeks to discover the impacts of environmental change and management on soil ecological processes. A key theme in our research is undertaking high quality fundamental and applied research that can be used by policy makers to make informed decisions. Our research involves a number of projects in two main areas:

  • Fundamental soil ecology: linking microbial diversity to ecosystem function. This includes our work on molecular ecology and the role of microbes in releasing nutrients from organic matter.

  • The role of soil microbes in making available, and delivering nutrients, to plants. This includes our work on mycorrhizas.

Research outcomes are used to address issues of national and international significance. Spanning the science-policy interface is therefore an important theme in our research.


Date Position Institution name
2015 Associate Professor and Future Fellow The University of Adelaide
2014 - 2015 Senior Lecturer and Future Fellow University of Adelaide
2006 - 2014 Senior Lecturer and Future Fellow Monash University
2003 - 2006 Project Scientist University of California, Davis
2001 - 2003 ARC Research Associate University of Adelaide


Date Institution name Country Title
2007 - 2009 Monash University Australia Grad. Cert. High. Ed
1998 - 2001 The University of Adelaide Australia PhD
1994 - 1997 The University of Adelaide Australia B Ag Sc (Hons)


Year Citation
2017 Mackay, J., Cavagnaro, T., Müller Stöver, D., Macdonald, L., Grønlund, M. & Jakobsen, I. (2017). A key role for arbuscular mycorrhiza in plant acquisition of P from sewage sludge recycled to soil. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 115, 11-20. 10.1016/j.soilbio.2017.08.004
2017 Mackay, J., Cavagnaro, T., Jakobsen, I., Macdonald, L., Grønlund, M., Thomsen, T. & Müller-Stöver, D. (2017). Evaluation of phosphorus in thermally converted sewage sludge: P pools and availability to wheat. Plant and Soil, 1-11. 10.1007/s11104-017-3298-6
2017 Bowles, T. M., Jackson, L. E. & Cavagnaro, T. R. (2017). Mycorrhizal fungi enhance plant nutrient acquisition and modulate nitrogen loss with variable water regimes.. Global change biology, -. 10.1111/gcb.13884
2017 Fabres, P., Collins, C., Cavagnaro, T. & López, C. (2017). A concise review on multi-omics data integration for terroir analysis in vitis vinifera. Frontiers in Plant Science, 8, -. 10.3389/fpls.2017.01065
2017 McHugh, I., Beringer, J., Cunningham, S., Baker, P., Cavagnaro, T., MacNally, R. & Thompson, R. (2017). Interactions between nocturnal turbulent flux, storage and advection at an "ideal" eucalypt woodland site. Biogeosciences, 14, 12, 3027-3050. 10.5194/bg-14-3027-2017
2017 Saha, B., Rose, M., Wong, V., Cavagnaro, T. & Patti, A. (2017). Hybrid brown coal-urea fertiliser reduces nitrogen loss compared to urea alone. Science of the Total Environment, 601-602, 1496-1504. 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.05.270
2017 Xie, H., Konate, M., Sai, N., Gebremicael Tesfamicael, K., Cavagnaro, T., Gilliham, M. ... Rodriguez Lopez, C. M. (2017). Environmental Conditions And Agronomic Practices Induce Consistent Global Changes In DNA Methylation Patterns In Grapevine (Vitis vinifera cv Shiraz). BioRxiv, -. 10.1101/127977
2017 Mackay, J., Macdonald, L., Smernik, R. & Cavagnaro, T. (2017). Organic amendments as phosphorus fertilisers: chemical analyses, biological processes and plant P uptake. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 107, 50-59. 10.1016/j.soilbio.2016.12.008
2017 Cunningham, S., Roxburgh, S., Paul, K., Patti, A. & Cavagnaro, T. (2017). Generating spatially and statistically representative maps of environmental variables to test the efficiency of alternative sampling protocols. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 243, 103-113. 10.1016/j.agee.2017.04.006
2017 Watts-Williams, S. J., Cavagnaro, T. R. & Tyerman, S. D. (2017). The dual benefit of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi under soil zinc deficiency and toxicity: linking plant physiology and gene expression. Plant and Soil, -. 10.1007/s11104-017-3409-4
2017 Madhavan, D., Baldock, J., Read, Z., Murphy, S., Cunningham, S., Perring, M. ... Baker, T. (2017). Rapid prediction of particulate, humus and resistant fractions of soil organic carbon in reforested lands using infrared spectroscopy. Journal of Environmental Management, 193, 290-299. 10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.02.013
2016 Judy, J., Kirby, J., McLaughlin, M., Cavagnaro, T. & Bertsch, P. (2016). Gold nanomaterial uptake from soil is not increased by arbuscular mycorrhizal colonization of solanum lycopersicum (Tomato). Nanomaterials, 6, 4, -. 10.3390/nano6040068
2016 Mackay, J., Cunningham, S. & Cavagnaro, T. (2016). Riparian reforestation: are there changes in soil carbon and soil microbial communities?. Science of the Total Environment, 566-567, 960-967. 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.05.045
2016 Cavagnaro, T. R. (2016). Soil moisture legacy effects: impacts on soil nutrients, plants and mycorrhizal responsiveness. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 95, 173-179. 10.1016/j.soilbio.2015.12.016
2016 Drake, J., Cavagnaro, T., Cunningham, S., Jackson, W. & Patti, A. (2016). Does biochar improve establishment of tree seedlings in saline sodic soils?. Land Degradation and Development, 27, 1, 52-59. 10.1002/ldr.2374
2016 Rose, M. T., Cavagnaro, T. R., Scanlan, C. A., Rose, T. J., Vancov, T., Kimber, S. ... Van Zwieten, L. (2016). Impact of Herbicides on Soil Biology and Function. Advances in Agronomy, 136, 133-220. 10.1016/bs.agron.2015.11.005
2016 Cavagnaro, T. & Cunningham, S. (2016). Predicting carbon stocks following reforestation of pastures: a sampling scenario-based approach for testing the utility of field-measured and remotely derived variables. Land Degradation and Development, 28, 3, 1122-1133. 10.1002/ldr.2585
2016 Bowles, T., Barrios-Masias, F., Carlisle, E., Cavagnaro, T. & Jackson, L. (2016). Effects of arbuscular mycorrhizae on tomato yield, nutrient uptake, water relations, and soil carbon dynamics under deficit irrigation in field conditions. Science of the Total Environment, 566-567, 1223-1234. 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.05.178
2016 Nguyen, T. T., Cavagnaro, T. R., Ngo, T. T. H. & Marschner, P. (2016). Soil respiration, microbial biomass and nutrient availability in soil amended with high and low C/N residue - influence of interval between residue additions. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 95, 189-197. 10.1016/j.soilbio.2015.12.020
2016 England, J., Paul, K., Cunningham, S., Madhavan, D., Baker, T., Read, Z. ... Polglase, P. (2016). Previous land use and climate influence differences in soil organic carbon following reforestation of agricultural land with mixed-species plantings. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 227, 61-72. 10.1016/j.agee.2016.04.026
2016 Hoogmoed, M., Cunningham, S., Baker, P., Beringer, J. & Cavagnaro, T. (2016). Effects of wetting frequency and afforestation on carbon, nitrogen and the microbial community in soil. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 231, 34-43. 10.1016/j.agee.2016.06.024
2016 Brown, A., Cavagnaro, T., Gleadow, R. & Miller, R. (2016). Interactive effects of temperature and drought on cassava growth and toxicity: implications for food security?. Global Change Biology, 22, 10, 3461-3473. 10.1111/gcb.13380
2016 Cavagnaro, T. (2016). Life at the interface: above- and below-ground responses of a grazed pasture soil to reforestation. Applied Soil Ecology, 100, 27-37. 10.1016/j.apsoil.2015.12.002
2016 Bowles, T., Jackson, L., Loeher, M. & Cavagnaro, T. (2016). Ecological intensification and arbuscular mycorrhizas: a meta-analysis of tillage and cover crop effects. M. Nuñez (Ed.). Journal of Applied Ecology, OnlinePubl, 1-9. 10.1111/1365-2664.12815
2016 Rose, M., Perkins, E., Saha, B., Tang, E., Cavagnaro, T., Jackson, W. ... Patti, A. (2016). A slow release nitrogen fertiliser produced by simultaneous granulation and superheated steam drying of urea with brown coal. Chemical and Biological Technologies in Agriculture, 3, 1, 1-14. 10.1186/s40538-016-0062-8
2016 Cavagnaro, T., Cunningham, S. & Fitzpatrick, S. (2016). Pastures to woodlands: changes in soil microbial communities and carbon following reforestation. Applied Soil Ecology, 107, 24-32. 10.1016/j.apsoil.2016.05.003
2015 Aguilar-Trigueros, C., Hempel, S., Powell, J., Anderson, I., Antonovics, J., Bergmann, J. ... Rillig, M. (2015). Branching out: towards a trait-based understanding of fungal ecology. Fungal Biology Reviews, 29, 1, 34-41. 10.1016/j.fbr.2015.03.001
2015 Damsma, K., Rose, M. & Cavagnaro, T. (2015). Landscape scale survey of indicators of soil health in grazing systems. Soil Research, 53, 2, 154-167. 10.1071/SR14147
2015 Judy, J., Kirby, J., Creamer, C., McLaughlin, M., Fiebiger, C., Wright, C. ... Bertsch, P. (2015). Effects of silver sulfide nanomaterials on mycorrhizal colonization of tomato plants and soil microbial communities in biosolid-amended soil. Environmental Pollution, 206, 256-263. 10.1016/j.envpol.2015.07.002
2015 Cavagnaro, T. (2015). Biologically regulated nutrient supply systems: compost and arbuscular mycorrhizas - a review. D. Sparks (Ed.). Advances in Agronomy, 129, 293-321. 10.1016/bs.agron.2014.09.005
2015 Ng, E. L., Patti, A. F., Rose, M. T., Schefe, C. R., Smernik, R. J. & Cavagnaro, T. R. (2015). Do organic inputs alter resistance and resilience of soil microbial community to drying?. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 81, 58-66. 10.1016/j.soilbio.2014.10.028
2015 Watts-Williams, S. & Cavagnaro, T. (2015). Using mycorrhiza-defective mutant genotypes of non-legume plant species to study the formation and functioning of arbuscular mycorrhiza: a review. Mycorrhiza, 25, 8, 587-597. 10.1007/s00572-015-0639-2
2015 Wong, M. R., Morgan, J. W., Wong, N. K. & Cavagnaro, T. R. (2015). The incorporation of fungal to bacterial ratios and plant ecosystem effect traits into a state-and-transition model of land-use change in semi-arid grasslands. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 201, 11-19. 10.1016/j.agee.2014.10.012
2015 Drake, J. A., Carrucan, A., Jackson, W. R., Cavagnaro, T. R. & Patti, A. F. (2015). Biochar application during reforestation alters species present and soil chemistry.. The Science of the total environment, 514, 359-365. 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.02.012
2015 Cavagnaro, T. R., Bender, S. F., Asghari, H. R. & Heijden, M. G. A. V. D. (2015). The role of arbuscular mycorrhizas in reducing soil nutrient loss. Trends in Plant Science, 20, 5, 283-290. 10.1016/j.tplants.2015.03.004
2015 Cunningham, S., Cavagnaro, T., Nally, R., Paul, K., Baker, P., Beringer, J. ... Thompson, R. (2015). Reforestation with native mixed-species plantings in a temperate continental climate effectively sequesters and stabilizes carbon within decades. Global Change Biology, 21, 4, 1552-1566. 10.1111/gcb.12746
2015 Watts-Williams, S., Jakobsen, I., Cavagnaro, T. & Grønlund, M. (2015). Local and distal effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal colonization on direct pathway Pi uptake and root growth in medicago truncatula. Journal of Experimental Botany, 66, 13, 4061-4073. 10.1093/jxb/erv202
2015 Cunningham, S., Mac Nally, R., Baker, P., Cavagnaro, T., Beringer, J., Thomson, J. & Thompson, R. (2015). Balancing the environmental benefits of reforestation in agricultural regions. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 17, 4, 301-317. 10.1016/j.ppees.2015.06.001
2015 Marschner, P., Hatam, Z. & Cavagnaro, T. R. (2015). Soil respiration, microbial biomass and nutrient availability after the second amendment are influenced by legacy effects of prior residue addition. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 88, 169-177. 10.1016/j.soilbio.2015.05.023
2015 Hansen, B., Reich, P., Cavagnaro, T. & Lake, P. (2015). Challenges in applying scientific evidence to width recommendations for riparian management in agricultural Australia. Ecological Management and Restoration, 16, 1, 50-57. 10.1111/emr.12149
2015 Kim Thi Tran, C., Rose, M. T., Cavagnaro, T. R. & Patti, A. F. (2015). Lignite amendment has limited impacts on soil microbial communities and mineral nitrogen availability. Applied Soil Ecology, 95, 140-150. 10.1016/j.apsoil.2015.06.020
2015 Watts-Williams, S., Smith, F., McLaughlin, M., Patti, A. & Cavagnaro, T. (2015). How important is the mycorrhizal pathway for plant Zn uptake?. Plant and Soil, 390, 1-2, 157-166. 10.1007/s11104-014-2374-4
2014 Hoogmoed, M., Cunningham, S., Baker, P., Beringer, J. & Cavagnaro, T. (2014). Is there more soil carbon under nitrogen-fixing trees than under non-nitrogen-fixing trees in mixed-species restoration plantings?. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment, 188, 80-84. 10.1016/j.agee.2014.02.013
2014 Hoogmoed, M., Cunningham, S. C., Baker, P., Beringer, J. & Cavagnaro, T. R. (2014). N-fixing trees in restoration plantings: effects on nitrogen supply and soil microbial communities. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 77, 203-212. 10.1016/j.soilbio.2014.06.008
2014 Watts-Williams, S. & Cavagnaro, T. (2014). Nutrient interactions and arbuscular mycorrhizas: a meta-analysis of a mycorrhiza-defective mutant and wild-type tomato genotype pair. Plant and Soil, 384, 1-2, 79-92. 10.1007/s11104-014-2140-7
2014 Watts-Williams, S., Turney, T., Patti, A. & Cavagnaro, T. (2014). Uptake of zinc and phosphorus by plants is affected by zinc fertiliser material and arbuscular mycorrhizas. Plant and Soil, 376, 1-2, 165-175. 10.1007/s11104-013-1967-7
2014 Miller, R., Gleadow, R. & Cavagnaro, T. (2014). Age versus stage: does ontogeny modify the effect of phosphorus and arbuscular mycorrhizas on above- and below-ground defence in forage sorghum?. Plant, Cell & Environment, 37, 4, 929-942. 10.1111/pce.12209
2014 Ng, E. L., Patti, A., Rose, M., Schefe, C., Wilkinson, K., Smernik, R. & Cavagnaro, T. (2014). Does the chemical nature of soil carbon drive the structure and functioning of soil microbial communities?. Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 70, 54-61. 10.1016/j.soilbio.2013.12.004
2014 Hale, R., Reich, P., Daniel, T., Lake, P. S. & Cavagnaro, T. R. (2014). Scales that matter: guiding effective monitoring of soil properties in restored riparian zones. Geoderma, 228-229, 173-181. 10.1016/j.geoderma.2013.09.019
2014 Ng, E. L., Patti, A. F., Rose, M. T., Schefe, C. R., Wilkinson, K. & Cavagnaro, T. R. (2014). Functional stoichiometry of soil microbial communities after amendment with stabilised organic matter. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 76, 170-178. 10.1016/j.soilbio.2014.05.016
2014 Cavagnaro, T. R. (2014). Impacts of compost application on the formation and functioning of arbuscular mycorrhizas. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 78, 38-44. 10.1016/j.soilbio.2014.07.007
2014 Payne, E., Fletcher, T., Russell, D., Grace, M., Cavagnaro, T., Evrard, V. ... Cook, P. (2014). Temporary storage or permanent removal? The division of nitrogen between biotic assimilation and denitrification in stormwater biofiltration systems. M. Virolle (Ed.). PLoS One, 9, 3, e90890-1-e90890-12. 10.1371/journal.pone.0090890
2014 Little, K. R., Rose, M. T., Jackson, W. R., Cavagnaro, T. R. & Patti, A. F. (2014). Do lignite-derived organic amendments improve early-stage pasture growth and key soil biological and physicochemical properties?. Crop and Pasture Science, 65, 9, 899-910. 10.1071/CP13433
2013 Vandegeer, R., Miller, R., Bain, M., Gleadow, R. & Cavagnaro, T. (2013). Drought adversely affects tuber development and nutritional quality of the staple crop cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz). Functional Plant Biology, 40, 2, 195-200. 10.1071/FP12179
2013 Mosse, K., Verheyen, T., Cruickshank, A., Patti, A. & Cavagnaro, T. (2013). Soluble organic components of winery wastewater and implications for reuse. Agricultural Water Management, 120, 1, 5-10. 10.1016/j.agwat.2012.05.011
2013 Mosse, K., Lee, J., Leachman, B., Parikh, S., Cavagnaro, T., Patti, A. & Steenwerth, K. (2013). Irrigation of an established vineyard with winery cleaning agent solution (simulated winery wastewater): vine growth, berry quality, and soil chemistry. Agricultural Water Management, 123, 93-102. 10.1016/j.agwat.2013.02.008
2013 Watts-Williams, S., Patti, A. & Cavagnaro, T. (2013). Arbuscular mycorrhizas are beneficial under both deficient and toxic soil zinc conditions. Plant and Soil, 371, 1-2, 299-312. 10.1007/s11104-013-1670-8
2013 Minett, D., Cook, P., Kessler, A. & Cavagnaro, T. (2013). Root effects on the spatial and temporal dynamics of oxygen in sand-based laboratory-scale constructed biofilters. Ecological Engineering, 58, 414-422. 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2013.06.028
2012 Slattery, R., Rosenthal, D., Miller, R., Grennan, A., Cavagnaro, T., Fauquet, C. ... Ort, D. (2012). Cassava about-FACE: Greater than expected yield stimulation of cassava (Manihot esculenta) by future CO2 levels. Global Change Biology, 18, 8, 2661-2675. 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2012.02726.x
2012 Burns, A., Gleadow, R., Zacarias, A., Cuambe, C., Miller, R. & Cavagnaro, T. (2012). Variations in the chemical composition of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) leaves and roots as affected by genotypic and environmental variation. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 60, 19, 4946-4956. 10.1021/jf2047288
2012 Smith, M., Conte, P., Berns, A., Thomson, J. & Cavagnaro, T. (2012). Spatial patterns of, and environmental controls on, soil properties at a riparian-paddock interface. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 49, 38-45. 10.1016/j.soilbio.2012.02.007
2012 Cavagnaro, T., Barrios-Masias, F. & Jackson, L. (2012). Arbuscular mycorrhizas and their role in plant growth, nitrogen interception and soil gas efflux in an organic production system. Plant and Soil, 353, 1-2, 181-194. 10.1007/s11104-011-1021-6
2012 Hoogmoed, M., Cunningham, S., Thomson, J., Baker, P., Beringer, J. & Cavagnaro, T. (2012). Does afforestation of pastures increase sequestration of soil carbon in Mediterranean climates?. Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment, 159, 176-183. 10.1016/j.agee.2012.07.011
2012 Burns, A., Bradbury, J., Cavagnaro, T. & Gleadow, R. (2012). Total cyanide content of cassava food products in Australia. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 25, 1, 79-82. 10.1016/j.jfca.2011.06.005
2012 Cunningham, S., Metzeling, K., Mac Nally, R., Thomson, J. & Cavagnaro, T. (2012). Changes in soil carbon of pastures after afforestation with mixed species: sampling, heterogeneity and surrogates. Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment, 158, 58-65. 10.1016/j.agee.2012.05.019
2012 Mosse, K., Verheyen, T., Cruickshank, A., Patti, A. & Cavagnaro, T. (2012). Thermochemolysis of winery wastewater particulates - molecular structural implications for water reuse. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 97, 164-170. 10.1016/j.jaap.2012.06.005
2012 Mosse, K., Patti, A., Smernik, R., Christen, E. & Cavagnaro, T. (2012). Physicochemical and microbiological effects of long- and short-term winery wastewater application to soils. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 201, 219-228. 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2011.11.071
2012 Watts-Williams, S. & Cavagnaro, T. (2012). Arbuscular mycorrhizas modify tomato responses to soil zinc and phosphorus addition. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 48, 3, 285-294. 10.1007/s00374-011-0621-x
2012 Asghari, H. & Cavagnaro, T. (2012). Arbuscular mycorrhizas reduce nitrogen loss via leaching. PLoS One, 7, 1, e29825-1-e29825-5. 10.1371/journal.pone.0029825
2011 Cavagnaro, T. & Martin, A. (2011). Arbuscular mycorrhizas in southeastern Australian processing tomato farm soils. Plant and Soil, 340, 1-2, 327-336. 10.1007/s11104-010-0603-z
2011 Williams, L., Hale, R., Cavagnaro, T., Reich, P. & Lake, P. (2011). Developing a vision for improved monitoring and reporting of riparian restoration projects: MDBA Riparian Restoration Experiment Workshop, Melbourne, 16 November 2010. Ecological Management and Restoration, 12, 1, e11-e16. 10.1111/j.1442-8903.2011.00572.x
2011 Cavagnaro, T., Gleadow, R. & Miller, R. (2011). Plant nutrient acquisition and utilisation in a high carbon dioxide world. Functional Plant Biology, 38, 2, 87-96. 10.1071/FP10124
2011 Asghari, H. & Cavagnaro, T. (2011). Arbuscular mycorrhizas enhance plant interception of leached nutrients. Functional Plant Biology, 38, 3, 219-226. 10.1071/FP10180
2011 Mosse, K., Patti, A., Christen, E. & Cavagnaro, T. (2011). Review: winery wastewater quality and treatment options in Australia. Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research, 17, 2, 111-122. 10.1111/j.1755-0238.2011.00132.x
2010 Burger, B., Reich, P. & Cavagnaro, T. (2010). Trajectories of change: riparian vegetation and soil conditions following livestock removal and replanting. Austral Ecology, 35, 8, 980-987. 10.1111/j.1442-9993.2010.02112.x
2010 Cavagnaro, T., Dickson, S. & Smith, F. (2010). Arbuscular mycorrhizas modify plant responses to soil zinc addition. Plant and Soil, 329, 1-2, 307-313. 10.1007/s11104-009-0158-z
2010 Burns, A., Gleadow, R., Cliff, J., Zacarias, A. & Cavagnaro, T. (2010). Cassava: the drought, war and famine crop in a changing world. Sustainability, 2, 11, 3572-3607. 10.3390/su2113572
2010 Mosse, K., Patti, A., Christen, E. & Cavagnaro, T. (2010). Winery wastewater inhibits seed germination and vegetative growth of common crop species. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 180, 1-3, 63-70. 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.02.069
2010 Tran, J. & Cavagnaro, T. (2010). Growth and mycorrhizal colonization of two grasses in soils with different inundation histories. Journal of Arid Environments, 74, 6, 715-717. 10.1016/j.jaridenv.2009.10.017
2010 McKey, D., Cavagnaro, T., Cliff, J. & Gleadow, R. (2010). Chemical ecology in coupled human and natural systems: people, manioc, multitrophic interactions and global change. Chemoecology, 20, 2, 109-133. 10.1007/s00049-010-0047-1
2009 Li, X., Zhu, Y., Cavagnaro, T., Chen, M., Sun, J., Chen, X. & Qiao, M. (2009). Do ammonia-oxidizing archaea respond to soil Cu contamination similarly asammonia-oxidizing bacteria?. Plant and Soil, 324, 1-2, 209-217. 10.1007/s11104-009-9947-7
2009 Gleadow, R., Evans, J., McCaffery, S. & Cavagnaro, T. (2009). Growth and nutritive value of cassava (Manihot esculenta Cranz.) are reduced when grown in elevated CO₂. Plant Biology, 11, 1, 76-82. 10.1111/j.1438-8677.2009.00238.x
2008 Cavagnaro, T. (2008). The role of arbuscular mycorrhizas in improving plant zinc nutrition under low soil zinc concentrations: a review. Plant and Soil, 304, 1-2, 315-325. 10.1007/s11104-008-9559-7
2008 Cavagnaro, T., Langley, A., Jackson, L., Smukler, S. & Koch, G. (2008). Growth, nutrition, and soil respiration of a mycorrhiza-defective tomato mutant and its mycorrhizal wild-type progenitor. Functional Plant Biology, 35, 3, 228-235. 10.1071/FP07281
2008 Jackson, L., Burger, M. & Cavagnaro, T. (2008). Roots, nitrogen transformations, and ecosystem services. Plant Biology, 59, 1, 341-363. 10.1146/annurev.arplant.59.032607.092932
2008 Cavagnaro, T., Jackson, L., Hristova, K. & Scow, K. (2008). Short-term population dynamics of ammonia oxidizing bacteria in an agricultural soil. Applied Soil Ecology, 40, 1, 13-18. 10.1016/j.apsoil.2008.02.006
2007 Cavagnaro, T., Jackson, L., Scow, K. & Hristova, K. (2007). Effects of arbuscular mycorrhizas on ammonia oxidizing bacteria in an organic farm soil. Microbial Ecology, 54, 4, 618-626. 10.1007/s00248-007-9212-7
2007 Minoshima, H., Jackson, L., Cavagnaro, T., Sánchez-Moreno, S., Ferris, H., Temple, S. ... Mitchell, J. (2007). Soil food webs and carbon dynamics in response to conservation tillage in California. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 71, 3, 952-963. 10.2136/sssaj2006.0174
2007 Cavagnaro, T. & Jackson, L. (2007). Isotopic fractionation of zinc in field grown tomato. Canadian Journal of Botany, 85, 2, 230-235. 10.1139/B07-006
2007 Cavagnaro, T., Sokolow, S. & Jackson, L. (2007). Mycorrhizal effects on growth and nutrition of tomato under elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide. Functional Plant Biology, 34, 8, 730-736. 10.1071/FP06340
2007 Minoshima, H., Jackson, L., Cavagnaro, T. & Ferris, H. (2007). Short-term fates of carbon-13-depleted cowpea shoots in no-till and standard tillage soils. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 71, 6, 1859-1866. 10.2136/sssaj2006.0268
2006 Cavagnaro, T., Jackson, L., Six, J., Ferris, H., Goyal, S., Asami, D. & Scow, K. (2006). Arbuscular mycorrhizas, microbial communities, nutrient availability, and soil aggregates in organic tomato production. Plant and Soil, 282, 1-2, 209-225. 10.1007/s11104-005-5847-7
2005 Cavagnaro, T., Smith, F., Smith, S. & Jakobsen, I. (2005). Functional diversity in arbuscular mycorrhizas: exploitation of soil patches with different phosphate enrichment differs among fungal species. Plant Cell and Environment, 28, 5, 642-650. 10.1111/j.1365-3040.2005.01310.x
2005 van Aarle, I., Cavagnaro, T., Smith, S., Smith, F. & Dickson, S. (2005). Metabolic activity of glomus intraradices in arum- and Paris-type arbuscular mycorrhizal colonization. New Phytologist, 166, 2, 611-618. 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2005.01340.x
2004 Cavagnaro, T., Smith, F., Hay, G., Cavagnaro, V. & Smith, S. (2004). Inoculum type does not affect overall resistance of an arbuscular mycorrhiza-defective tomato mutant to colonisation but inoculation does change competitive interactions with wild-type tomato. New Phytologist, 161, 2, 485-494. 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2004.00967.x
2004 Cavagnaro, T., Smith, F. & Smith, S. (2004). Interactions between arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and a mycorrhiza-defective mutant tomato: does a noninfective fungus alter the ability of an infective fungus to colonise the roots - and vice versa?. New Phytologist, 164, 3, 485-491. 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2004.01210.x
2003 Ezawa, T., Cavagnaro, T., Smith, S., Smith, F. & Ohtomo, R. (2003). Rapid accumulation of polyphosphate in extraradical hyphae of an arbulcular mycorrhizal fungus as revealed by histochemistry and a polyphosphate kinase/luciferase system. New Phytologist - Online, 161, 2, 387-392. 10.1046/j.1469-8137.2003.00966.x
2003 Cavagnaro, T., Smith, F., Ayling, S. & Smith, S. (2003). Growth and phosphorus nutrition of a Paris-type arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis. New Phytologist, 157, 1, 127-134. 10.1046/j.1469-8137.2003.00654.x
2002 Burleigh, S., Cavagnaro, T. & Jakobsen, I. (2002). Functional diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizas extends to the expression of plant genes involved in P nutrition. Journal of Experimental Botany, 53, 374, 1593-1601. 10.1093/jxb/erf013
2002 Cavagnaro, T. (2002). The 6th Symposium of the International Society of Root Research: a mycorrhizast's point of view. Mycorrhiza, 12, 2, 103-104. 10.1007/s00572-001-0156-3
2001 Cavagnaro, T., Smith, F., Lorimer, M., Haskard, K., Ayling, S. & Smith, S. (2001). Quantitative development of Paris-type arbuscular mycorrhizas formed between Asphodelus fistulosus and Glomus coronatum. New Phytologist, 149, 1, 105-113. 10.1046/j.1469-8137.2001.00001.x
2001 Bakhtiar, Y., Miller, D., Cavagnaro, T. & Smith, S. (2001). Interactions between two arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and fungivorous nematodes and control of the nematode with fenamifos. Applied Soil Ecology, 17, 2, 107-117. 10.1016/S0929-1393(01)00129-9
2001 Cavagnaro, T., Gao, L., Smith, F. & Smith, S. (2001). Morphology of arbuscular mycorrhizas is influenced by fungal identity. New Phytologist, 151, 2, 469-475. 10.1046/j.0028-646X.2001.00191.x
2001 Cavagnaro, T., Smith, F., Kolesik, P., Ayling, S. & Smith, S. (2001). Arbuscular mycorrhizas formed by Asphodelus fistulosus and Glomus coronatum: three-dimensional analysis of plant nuclear shift using laser scanning confocal microscopy. Symbiosis, 30, 2-3, 109-121.
2001 Zhu, Y., Cavagnaro, T., Smith, S. & Dickson, S. (2001). Backseat driving? Accessing phosphate beyond the rhizosphere - depletion zone. Trends in Plant Science, 6, 5, 194-195. 10.1016/S1360-1385(01)01957-4

Book Chapters

Year Citation
2016 Ng, E. L. & Cavagnaro, T. R. (2016). Biochar Effects on Ecosystems: Insights From Lipid-Based Analysis. In T. K. Ralebitso-Senior & C. H. Orr (Eds.), Biochar Application: Essential Soil Microbial Ecology (pp. 55-77). Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier. 10.1016/B978-0-12-803433-0.00003-5
2014 Rose, M., Patti, A., Little, K., Brown, A., Jackson, W. & Cavagnaro, T. (2014). A meta-analysis and review of plant-growth response to humic substances: practical implications for agriculture. In D. Sparks (Ed.), Advances in Agronomy (pp. 37-89). United States: Academic Press. 10.1016/B978-0-12-800138-7.00002-4

Conference Papers

Year Citation
2013 Little, K., Rose, M., Patti, A., Cavagnaro, T. & Jackson, R. (2013). Effect of application rate of commercial lignite coal-derived amendments on early-stage growth of Medicago sativa and soil health, in acidic soil conditions. Meeting of the International Humic Substances Society. J. Xu, J. Wu & Y. He (Eds.) Hangzhou, China. 10.1007/978-94-007-5634-2_201
2013 Patti, A., Jackson, W., Norng, S., Rose, M. & Cavagnaro, T. (2013). Commercial humic substances stimulate tomato growth. Meeting of the International Humic Substances Society. J. Xu, J. Wu & Y. He (Eds.) Hangzhou, China. 10.1007/978-94-007-5634-2_200
2010 Cavagnaro, T. & Martin, A. (2010). The role of mycorrhizas in plant nutrition: field and mutant based approaches. World Congress of Soil Science (WCSS). Brisbane, Qld., Australia.
2010 Mosse, K., Patti, A. & Cavagnaro, T. (2010). Evidence of soil microbial population acclimatisation to long-term application of winery wastewater. World Congress of Soil Science (WCSS). Brisbane, Qld., Australia.
2009 Gleadow, R., Cavagnaro, T., O'Donnell, N., Evans, J., Neale, A., Blomstedt, C. & Hamill, J. (2009). Unbalancing global resources: Will plants be edible in a high CO2 world?. Annual Meeting of the Society-for-Experimental-Biology. Glasgow, SCOTLAND. 10.1016/j.cbpa.2009.04.559

Conference Items

Year Citation
2012 Gleadow, R., Moller, B., Cavagnaro, T., Miller, R., Stuart, P., Neale, A. ... Hamill, J. (2012). IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON ALLOCATION OF N TO CYANOGENIC GLYCOSIDES.
2010 Mosse, K., Verheyen, T., Cruickshank, A., Cavagnaro, T., Christen, E. & Patti, A. (2010). Comprehensive analysis of winery wastewaters using SPME-GC-MS. 61st American Society for Enology and Viticulture National Conference. Seattle, Washington.

Report for External Bodies

Year Citation
2010 Hansen, B., Reich, P., Lake, P. & Cavagnaro, T., (2010). Minimum width requirements for riparian zones to protect flowing waters and to conserve biodiversity: a review and recommendations, with application to the State of Victoria, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia,
2009 Zyngier, R., Shelly, K., Baker, P. & Cavagnaro, T., (2009). Terrestrial Nutrient Cycling, Transport and Vegetation Dynamics, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia,
2006 Cavagnaro, T. R., Jackson, L. E. & Scow, K. M., (2006). Climate change: challenges and solutions for California agricultural landscapes. Public Interest Energy Research Program Report (Internationally Refereed). California Energy Commission, California. 107 pages.,
Associate Professor
Taylor Building
Room Number
3 22
Org Unit
School of Agriculture, Food and Wine