School of Social Sciences
Faculty of Arts, Business, Law and Economics
Eligible to supervise Masters and PhD - email supervisor to discuss availability.
Associate Professor of International Security, Department of Politics and International Relations
A/Professor Legrand's research is concerned with national and international dimensions of global security decision–making, particularly in transnational networks and institutions. His work traverses a range of security themes, principally in global blacklisting and sanctions, digital security, terrorism, political violence and political exclusion. This research is oriented around a cross-pollination of public administration (law, sociology and public policy) literatures and International Relations (critical security studies, global governance) perspectives to navigate the complex terrain of security in domestic and international spaces.
His research draws widely from critical scholarship in security studies and beyond, using an array of analytical methods that illuminate how threats are constructed and conceived, and how policies and power are deployed. He is also leading research in computational social science (Data61 and Flinders Uni) that develops network-based models of social media, and machine-learning in large qualitative datasets.
A/Professor Legrand engages widely with governments, NGOs and IGOs. He works with the UN as an advisor on blacklisting and sanctions in East Africa and Afghanistan; his research has been cited in the International Court of Justice in The Hague; and he consults to international NGOs on blacklisting and sanctions compliance, including UNDP (Afghanistan), the Swiss Refugee Council and WorldVision.
In Australia, he works with the Dept. of Defence and Dept. of Home Affairs on preserving liberal democracy amidst digital threats. In 2016, he was appointed expert advisor to the Commonwealth Inspector of Transport Security on aviation and maritime security. His research has been used in training for the Department of Foreign Affairs & Trade, The Department of Home Affairs, Department of Defence, Australian Federal Police and Prime Minister & Cabinet.
His work has also formed the basis of submissions to a Queensland Parliamentary committee, the COAG Review of Counter-Terrorism Legislation and the Commonwealth Independent National Security Legislation Monitor. Tim has a professional background in policy, having worked with the UK's Home Office, the Departments of Health and Communities and Local Government. In addition to delivering public policy training to federal officials in Canberra, he has also delivered policy training to government officials from Bhutan, Indonesia, Mexico, South Korea and Vietnam.
Grants and funding
A/Professor Legrand has been awarded more than $1.1m in research funding 2018- 2021. He has been awarded grants from the Australian Research Council (ARC); The Dept. of Defence; the Gerda Henkel Stiftung; and the Cyber Security Cooperative Research Centre.
The outcomes of this research feed directly into enhancing policy and practice for national governments, NGOs and International Organisations.
Associate Professor Tim Legrand joined the Department of Politics and International Relations in July 2018. He has previously held research and lecturing positions in the National Security College at the Australian National University, the ARC Centre of Excellence in Policing and Security at Griffith University, and also held visiting research fellowships at the Institut d'Études Politiques de Paris (Sciences Po), Johns Hopkins University, the University of East Anglia and The University of Stockholm. His PhD in Political Science, funded by the Economic and Social Research Council, was awarded by the University of Birmingham in 2008.
Tim is adjunct Associate Professor of Public Policy at the Centre for Governance and Policy Analysis at the University of Canberra, Co-Convenor of the APSA Policy Studies Research Group, and is the former Secretary-Treasurer of the Australian Political Studies Association.
Connect with my latest research and download pre–print versions of my work at my website: www.timlegrand.org
- ARC Discovery project: The Proscription of Terrorist Organisations in Illiberal States (DP200102447, 2020–2023)
This collaborative research (with Professor Lee Jarvis: University of East Anglia, UK) pioneers Political Science scholarly analyses of global proscription powers. The project aims to investigate the use of anti-terrorism proscription powers in illiberal democracies after 2002. Although promulgated by the archetypal liberal institution – the United Nations – proscription powers are increasingly recognised as important tools of illiberal regimes in legitimising human rights abuses and suppressing political dissent. Using studies of Cameroon, Nigeria, Pakistan and Sri Lanka, the project explores the intersections of colonial proscription, UN anti–terrorism norms and illiberal regimes' security. The project will generate new comparative knowledge on the deployment of colonial instruments of control in the ‘war on terror’ and innovate conceptual insights into the global security politics of exclusion.
- Gerda Henkel Stiftung Foundation (Special Programme on Security, Society and the State): The Architecture of Anglosphere Security Collaboration
This project innovates analysis of transgovernmental networks amongst Anglosphere states and the growing interdependency of global and national public policy-making. Here I focus on how elite policy officials form exclusive collaborative transgovernmental networks to resolve collective transnational challenges and transfer policy ideas. In this respect, my work engages with scholarship on transnational advocacy networks and global public policy networks. The empirical research on this topic looks at the dynamics of security networks in Anglophone countries, with a focus on Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the UK and US. Spanning several major public policy domains – including intelligence (including the well-known Five Eyes network), borders & immigration, homeland security, policing and law – this research has charted the genesis and evolution of Anglosphere transgovernmental networks and comments on their impact on domestic political transparency and legitimacy. With an interdisciplinary Public Policy/ International Relations framework, the project expects to identify new transnational governance pathways that will inform understanding of contemporary security studies.
- Cyber Security Cooperative Research Centre: Cyber Security in the Anglosphere
This collaborative research, with Dr Nikola Pijovic, investigates the pathways of collaboration and cooperation in cyber security governance between the five countries of the Anglosphere. The increasing challenges of cyber security are legion – the onset of digital crime, IP theft, attacks on critical infrastructure, dissemination of digital disinformation, and more – and threats the stability of these five countries in different ways. This project explores the mechanisms of collaboration between these states with a view to determining whether and how such forms of cooperation can successfully safeguard the cyber landscape from its most egregious actors.
Date Position Institution name 2015 - ongoing Associate Professor of Public Policy University of Canberra
Year Citation 2021 Higgott, R., Woo, J. J., & Legrand, T. (2021). The demand for IPE and public policy in the governance of global policy design. Policy and Society, 40(4), 449-466.
2021 Legrand, T., & Stone, D. (2021). Governing global policy: what IPE can learn from public policy?. Policy and Society, 40(4), 1-18.
2021 Legrand, T. (2021). Preserving sovereignty: crisis and the arc of British proscription pre- and post-9/11. Critical Studies on Terrorism, 14(4), 416-420.
2021 Leuprecht, C., Brunet-Jailly, E., Hataley, T., & Legrand, T. (2021). Patterns in nascent, ascendant and mature border security: regional comparisons in transgovernmental coordination, cooperation, and collaboration. Commonwealth & Comparative Politics, 59(4), 1-27.
2021 Ferrill, J., Nicklin, G., Legrand, T., & McComas, H. (2021). Security beyond the border: exploring Australia and New Zealand trans-Tasman relations in a globalized world. Commonwealth & Comparative Politics, 59(4), 399-423.
2021 Legrand, T., & Leuprecht, C. (2021). Securing cross-border collaboration: transgovernmental enforcement networks, organized crime and illicit international political economy. Policy and Society, 40(4), 565-586.
2018 Legrand, T., & Stone, D. (2018). Science diplomacy and transnational governance impact. British Politics, 13(3), 392-408.
DOI Scopus6 WoS6
2018 Fawcett, P., Legrand, T., Lewis, J., & O'Sullivan, S. (2018). Governance, public policy and boundary-making. Australian Journal of Political Science, 53(4), 480-489.
DOI Scopus2 WoS3
2018 Legrand, T. (2018). “More symbolic—more political—than substantive”: an interview with James R. Clapper on the U.S. Designation of Foreign Terrorist Organizations. Terrorism and Political Violence, 30(2), 356-372.
DOI Scopus6 WoS7
2018 Jarvis, L., & Legrand, T. (2018). The Proscription or Listing of Terrorist Organisations: Understanding, Assessment, and International Comparisons. Terrorism and Political Violence, 30(2), 199-215.
DOI Scopus11 WoS14
2017 Henschke, A., & Legrand, T. (2017). Counterterrorism policy in liberal-democratic societies: locating the ethical limits of national security. Australian Journal of International Affairs, 71(5), 544-561.
DOI Scopus3 WoS3
2017 Jarvis, L., & Legrand, T. (2017). ‘I am somewhat puzzled’: questions, audiences and securitization in the proscription of terrorist organizations. Security Dialogue, 48(2), 149-167.
DOI Scopus8 WoS14
2017 Jarvis, L., & Legrand, T. (2017). Preaching to the converted: parliament and the proscription ritual. Political Studies, 65(4), 947-965.
DOI Scopus5 WoS4
2016 Jarvis, L., & Legrand, T. (2016). Legislating for otherness: proscription powers and Parliamentary discourse. Review of International Studies, 42(3), 558-574.
DOI Scopus12 WoS18
2016 Legrand, T. (2016). Elite, exclusive and elusive: transgovernmental policy networks and iterative policy transfer in the Anglosphere. Policy Studies, 37(5), 440-455.
DOI Scopus12 WoS14
2015 Legrand, T., & Vogel, L. (2015). The landscape of forensic intelligence research. Australian Journal of Forensic Sciences, 47(1), 16-26.
DOI Scopus11 WoS10
2015 Legrand, T., & Bronitt, S. (2015). Policing the G20 protests: 'Too much order with too little law' revisited. Queensland Review, 22(1), 3-14.
2015 Legrand, T. (2015). Transgovernmental policy networks in the anglosphere. Public Administration, 93(4), 973-991.
DOI Scopus30 WoS31
2014 Legrand, T., & Vas, C. (2014). Framing the Policy Analysis of OECD and Australian VET Interaction: Two Heuristics of Policy Transfer. Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis: Research and Practice, 16(3), 230-248.
DOI Scopus7 WoS7
2014 Legrand, T., & Jarvis, L. (2014). Enemies of the state: Proscription powers and their use in the United Kingdom. British Politics, 9(4), 450-471.
DOI Scopus10 WoS19
2012 Legrand, T. (2012). The merry mandarins of Windsor: Policy transfer and transgovernmental networks in the Anglosphere. Policy Studies, 33(6), 523-540.
DOI Scopus10 WoS14
2012 Legrand, T. (2012). Overseas and over here: Policy transfer and evidence-based policy-making. Policy Studies, 33(4), 329-348.
DOI Scopus37 WoS34
2005 Akhtar, P., Fawcett, P., Legrand, T., Marsh, D., & Taylor, C. (2005). Women in the political science profession. European Political Science, 4(3), 242-255.
Legrand, T. (n.d.). Infrastructure Vulnerability and the Coordination of Government Responses. SSRN Electronic Journal.
Year Citation 2021 Legrand, T. (2021). The Architecture of Policy Transfer Ideas, Institutions and Networks in Transnational Policymaking. Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan.
2021 Clarke, M., Henschke, A., Sussex, M., & Legrand, T. (Eds.) (2021). The Palgrave Handbook of National Security. Palgrave Macmillan. 2020 Jarvis, L., & Legrand, T. (2020). Banning them, securing us? Terrorism, parliament and the ritual of proscription. Manchester, United Kingdom: Manchester University Press. 2019 Legrand, T., & Jarvis, L. (Eds.) (2019). The Proscription of Terrorist Organisations: Modern Blacklisting in Global Perspective. Routledge. 2019 Legrand, T., & Jarvis, L. (Eds.) (2019). The Proscription of Terrorist Organisations: Modern Blacklisting in Global Perspective. Routledge. 2017 Legrand, T., & McConnell, A. (Eds.) (2017). Emergency Policy (Vol. 3). London, UK: Routledge.
Year Citation 2022 Legrand, T. (2022). National Security and Public Policy: Exceptionalism Versus Accountability. In The Palgrave Handbook of National Security (pp. 53-72). Springer International Publishing.
2022 Legrand, T. (2022). National Security and Public Policy: Exceptionalism Versus Accountability. In The Palgrave Handbook of National Security (pp. 53-72). Springer International Publishing.
2021 Legrand, T., Sussex, M., Clarke, M., & Henschke, A. (2021). National Security: Theories, Actors, Issues. In M. Clarke, T. Legrand, M. Sussex, & A. Henschke (Eds.), The Palgrave Handbook of National Security. Springer Nature. 2021 Legrand, T., Sussex, M., Clarke, M., & Henschke, A. (2021). National Security: Theories, Actors, Issues. In M. Clarke, T. Legrand, M. Sussex, & A. Henschke (Eds.), The Palgrave Handbook of National Security. Springer Nature. 2020 Legrand, T. (2020). The past, present and future of Anglosphere security networks: Constitutive reduction of a shared identity. In B. Wellings, & A. Mycock (Eds.), The Anglosphere: Continuity, Dissonance and Location (Vol. 226). Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. 2019 Legrand, T. (2019). Sovereignty Renewed: Transgovernmental Policy Networks and the Global-Local Dilemma. In D. Stone, & K. Maloney (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Global Policy and Transnational Administration. United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. 2018 Legrand, T. (2018). Structure, Agency and Policy Learning: Australia's Multinational Corporations Dilemma. In C. A. Dunlop, C. M. Radaelli, & P. Trein (Eds.), Learning in Public Policy: Analysis, Modes and Outcomes (pp. 215-242). Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan. 2018 Legrand, T., & Lister, M. (2018). From Precaution to Prejudice: Mistakes in Counter Terrorism. In A. Kruck, K. Oppermann, & A. Spencer (Eds.), Political Mistakes and Policy Failures in International Relations (pp. 33-53). Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan.
2017 Legrand, T., & Elliott, T. (2017). A new preventive justice framework for assessing counter-terrorism law and policy: Integrating effectiveness and legitimacy. In T. Tulich, R. Ananian-Welsh, S. Bronitt, & S. Murray (Eds.), Regulating Preventive Justice: Principle, Policy and Paradox (pp. 155-176). United Kingdom: Routledge.
2015 Legrand, T. (2015). Banishing the enemies of all mankind: The effectiveness of proscribing terrorist organisations in Australia, Canada, the UK and US. In L. Smith, M. Wetherell, & G. Campbell (Eds.), Critical Perspectives on Counter-terrorism (pp. 151-168). Routledge.
2015 Legrand, T., Bronitt, S., & Stewart, M. (2015). Evidence of the impact of counter-terrorism legislation. In G. Lennon, & C. Walker (Eds.), Routledge Handbook of Law and Terrorism (pp. 297-312).
2015 Legrand, T., & Hufnagel, S. (2015). Risk and Resilience: International Approaches to Vulnerable Infrastructure Protection. In U. Sinha (Ed.), Emerging Strategic Trends in Asia (pp. 245-264). New Delhi, India: Pentagon Press. 2014 Legrand, T., & Mathews, R. (2014). Risk-based licensing and alcohol-related offences in the Australian Capital Territory. In E. Manton, R. Room, C. Giorgi, & M. Thorn (Eds.), Stemming the tide of alcohol : liquor licensing and the public interest (pp. 149-157). Australia: Foundation for Alcohol Research & Education. 2014 Legrand, T. (2014). Banishing the enemies of all mankind the effectiveness of proscribing terrorist organisations in Australia, Canada, the UK and US. In Critical Perspectives on Counter-Terrorism (pp. 150-168).
2014 Legrand, T. (2014). The citadel and its sentinels: State strategies for contesting cyberterrorism in the UK. In T. M. Chen, L. Jarvis, & S. Macdonald (Eds.), Cyberterrorism: Understanding, Assessment, and Response (Vol. 9781493909629, pp. 137-154). Springer New York.
2012 Legrand, T., & Bronitt, S. (2012). Policing to a Different Beat: Measuring Police Performance. In Policing and Security in Practice (pp. 1-19). Palgrave Macmillan UK.
Legrand, T., & Bronitt, S. (n.d.). Policing to a Different Beat. In Policing and Security in Practice. Palgrave Macmillan.
Year Citation 2017 Legrand, T. (2017). Anglosphere Approaches to Counter-terrorism in Cyberspace. In M. Conway, L. Jarvis, O. Lehane, S. Macdonald, & L. Nouri (Eds.), Terrorists' Use of the Internet: assessment and response Vol. 136 (pp. 214-228). Dublin, Ireland: IOS Press.
Report for External Bodies
Year Citation 2021 Dowling, M. -E., & Legrand, T. (2021). Countering Foreign Interference: Introducing a Research Agenda for Building Democratic Resilience in Australia. 2021 Dowling, M. -E., & Legrand, T. (2021). Countering Foreign Interference: Digital Democracy and the Risk of Foreign Interference in Australia. 2021 Dowling, M. -E., & Legrand, T. (2021). Countering Foreign Interference: Vulnerabilities in Australia's Participatory Processes.
2021 Chief Investigator. A Framework for Modelling Social Influence in Wargame Setting. ORNet, Dept. of Defence. (With Dr Mehwish Nasim, Flinders University)
2021 Chief Investigator. Countering Foreign Interference (Dept. of Defence).
2020 Chief Investigator. The Proscription of Terrorist Organisations in Illiberal States: ARC Discovery Project (DP200102447: 2020–2022, with Professor Lee Jarvis, University of East Anglia, UK)
2020 Chief Investigator: Cyber Security in the Anglosphere (Cyber Security Cooperative Research Centre)
2018 Chief Investigator. ‘Tackling Transnational Threats: The Architecture of Anglosphere Security Collaboration’: Gerda Henkel Stiftung Foundation. Special Programme Security, Society and the State (AZ 09/KF/18)
2017 'Power, public policy and boundary–making', with Fawcett, P; Lewis, J; O’Sullivan, S.: Australian Political Studies Association Workshop Grants, 2017
2016 ‘Governance of cyber security’: Macquarie Telecoms (2016).
Semester 2, 2020: International Security
Semester 1, 2020: Terrorism and Global Politics
Current Higher Degree by Research Supervision (University of Adelaide)
Date Role Research Topic Program Degree Type Student Load Student Name 2022 Co-Supervisor Unsung natural partners: Explaining unfulfilled security cooperation between Australia and the Republic of Korea (ROK) Doctor of Philosophy Doctorate Full Time Mr Jack Butcher 2021 Co-Supervisor Classical Philosophy in Adam Smith's Political and Economic Thought Doctor of Philosophy Doctorate Full Time Mr Philip Argenio 2021 Co-Supervisor All the way with the USA? The effect of the US-Australia alliance on Australian Foreign Policy Doctor of Philosophy Doctorate Full Time Mr Benjamin Jason Cherry-Smith 2020 Principal Supervisor The project, Analysis of Anti-terrorist Proscription Regimes in Cameroon, will furnish new insights into how anti–terrorism powers in Cameroon are mobilised against civil society. Master of Philosophy Master Full Time Miss Tania Maike Zeissig
Connect With Me