School of Mechanical Engineering
Faculty of Engineering, Computer and Mathematical Sciences
Eligible to supervise Masters and PhD - email supervisor to discuss availability.
Since completing my PhD in biomedical engineering in 1987 from the University of Salford, UK, I have been lecturing in the areas of biomechanics, anatomy and research methods for the last 30 years. In this context I have worked at three Universities in the United Kingdom (Brunel, Edinburgh and Exeter) and two here in Australia (School of Health Sciences, University of South Australia and currently the School of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Adelaide). My main areas of research have been the topics of injury prevention/mechanism of injury and sports performance/technology in a number of different areas (golf, athletics, low back pain, gait analysis in children and adults and quantitative assessment of human knee instability). At the University of Adelaide I have been the School's Director of Research (2015), the School's Director of Learning and Teaching (for 6 months in 2017 while the current Director was on study leave) and the Program Coordinator for the bachelor of engineering (mechanical and sports) 4-year undergraduate professional degree (2009-2017), which is the first of its kind within Australia (established in 2008).
Year Citation 2018 Haydon, D., Pinder, R., Grimshaw, P., & Robertson, W. (2018). Overground-Propulsion Kinematics and Acceleration in Elite Wheelchair Rugby. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 13(2), 156-162.
2018 Haydon, D., Pinder, R., Grimshaw, P., & Robertson, W. (2018). Test design and individual analysis in wheelchair rugby. Journal of science and medicine in sport, Online(12), 1-6.
DOI Scopus1 WoS1
2018 Lewis, A., Haydon, D., Phillips, E., Grimshaw, P., Robertson, W., & Portus, M. (2018). Monitoring seating interface pressure in wheelchair sports. Sports Engineering, 21(4), 311-319.
2018 Lewis, A. R., Haydon, D. S., Phillips, E., Grimshaw, P. N., Pinder, R., Winter, J., . . . Portus, M. (2018). Placement effects of inertial measurement units on contact identification in wheelchair racing. Sports Biomechanics, Online, 1-16.
2016 Cole, M., & Grimshaw, P. (2016). The biomechanics of the modern golf swing: implications for lower back injuries. Sports Medicine, 46(3), 339-351.
DOI Scopus5 WoS6 Europe PMC3
2016 Tsiros, M., Buckley, J., Olds, T., Howe, P., Hills, A., Walkley, J., . . . Coates, A. (2016). Impaired Physical Function Associated with Childhood Obesity: How Should We Intervene?. Childhood Obesity, 12(2), 126-134.
DOI Scopus5 WoS4 Europe PMC3
2016 Haydon, D., Pinder, R., Grimshaw, P., & Robertson, W. (2016). Elite wheelchair rugby: a quantitative analysis of chair configuration in Australia. Sports Engineering, 19(3), 177-184.
2016 Andersen, K., Grimshaw, P., Kelso, R., & Bentley, D. (2016). Musculoskeletal Lower Limb Injury Risk in Army Populations.. Sports medicine - open, 2(1), 22.
DOI Scopus16 Europe PMC6
2016 Andersen, K., Grimshaw, P., Kelso, R., & Bentley, D. (2016). Musculoskeletal Lower Limb Injury Risk in Army Populations. Sports medicine - open, 2(1), 1-9.
2014 MacKenzie, J., Grimshaw, P., Jones, C., Thoirs, K., & Petkov, J. (2014). Muscle activity during lifting: examining the effect of core conditioning of multifidus and transversus abdominis. Work, 47(4), 453-462.
DOI Scopus2 WoS2
2014 Cole, M., & Grimshaw, P. (2014). The crunch factor's role in golf-related low back pain. The Spine Journal, 14(5), 799-807.
DOI Scopus14 WoS14 Europe PMC7
2013 Tsiros, M., Coates, A., Howe, P., Grimshaw, P., Walkley, J., Shield, A., . . . Buckley, J. (2013). Knee extensor strength differences in obese and healthy-weight 10-to 13-year-olds. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 113(6), 1415-1422.
DOI Scopus17 WoS16 Europe PMC14
2011 Tsiros, M., Grimshaw, P., Shield, A., & Buckley, J. (2011). Test-Retest Reliability of the Biodex System 4 Isokinetic Dynamometer for Knee Strength Assessment in Paediatric Populations. Journal of Allied Health, 40(3), 115-119.
Scopus16 Europe PMC7
2011 Marques-Bruna, P., & Grimshaw, P. (2011). Design of the grand touring sports car wing. Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Proceedings. Part P: Journal of Sports, Engineering and Technology, 225(1), 22-31.
DOI Scopus2 WoS2
2011 Tsiros, M., Grimshaw, P., Shield, A., & Buckley, J. (2011). The Biodex Isokinetic Dynamometer for knee strength assessment in children: Advantages and limitations. Work, 39(2 Sp Iss), 161-167.
DOI Scopus4 WoS5 Europe PMC3
2011 Tsiros, M., Coates, A., Howe, P., Grimshaw, P., & Buckley, J. (2011). Obesity: the new childhood disability?. Obesity Reviews, 12(1), 26-36.
DOI Scopus55 WoS59 Europe PMC38
2009 Cole, M., & Grimshaw, P. (2009). The X factor and its relationship to golfing performance. Journal of Quantitative Analysis in Sports, 5(1), 1-9.
2009 Tsiros, M., Olds, T., Buckley, J., Grimshaw, P., Brennan, L., Walkley, J., . . . Coates, A. (2009). Health-related quality of life in obese children and adolescents. International Journal of Obesity, 33(4), 387-400.
DOI Scopus222 WoS214 Europe PMC156
2009 Marques-Bruna, P., & Grimshaw, P. (2009). Mechanics of flight in ski jumping: aerodynamic stability in pitch. Sports Technology, 2(1-2), 24-31.
2009 Marques-Bruna, P., & Grimshaw, P. (2009). Mechanics of flight in ski jumping: aerodynamic stability in roll and yaw. Sports Technology, 2(3-4), 111-120.
2009 Zhou, T., Grimshaw, P., & Jones, C. (2009). A biomechanical investigation of the anteromedial and posterolateral bands of the porcine anterior cruciate ligament. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part H-Journal of Engineering in Medicine, 223(H6), 767-775.
DOI Scopus3 WoS3 Europe PMC3
2009 Marqués‐Bruna, P., & Grimshaw, P. (2009). Mechanics of flight in ski jumping: Aerodynamic stability in roll and yaw. Sports Technology, 2(3-4), 111-120.
2009 Marqués‐Bruna, P., & Grimshaw, P. (2009). Mechanics of flight in ski jumping: Aerodynamic stability in pitch. Sports Technology, 2(1-2), 24-31.
2008 Marques-Bruna, P., & Grimshaw, P. (2008). Aerodynamic Effects of Road Topography and Meteorological Conditions on Time-Trialling Cycling Performance. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCE & COACHING, 3(2), 155-167.
2008 Marques-Bruna, P., Lees, A., & Grimshaw, P. (2008). Structural principal components analysis of the kinematics of the soccer kick using different types of rating scales. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 3(1), 73-85.
2008 Cole, M., & Grimshaw, P. (2008). Electromyography of the trunk and abdominal muscles in golfers with and without low back pain. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 11(2), 174-181.
DOI Scopus32 WoS29 Europe PMC19
2008 Cole, M., & Grimshaw, P. (2008). Trunk muscle onset and cessation in golfers with and without low back pain. Journal of Biomechanics, 41(13), 2829-2833.
DOI Scopus25 WoS23 Europe PMC14
2008 Cole, M., & Grimshaw, P. (2008). Onset and cessation timing of the trunk muscles in golfers with and without low back pain. Journal of Biomechanics, 41(Suppl. 1), S110.
2008 Zhou, T., Grimshaw, P., & Jones, C. (2008). Anteromedial and posterolateral bands of the porcine anterior cruciate ligament. Journal of Biomechanics, 41(Suppl. 1), S315.
2008 Grimshaw, P., Jones, C., & Zhou, T. (2008). Fibrous and fibrocartilaginous anterior cruciate ligaments: porcine vs kangaroo. Journal of Biomechanics, 41(Suppl. 1), S316.
2007 Mackintosh, S., King, S., Grimshaw, P., & Massy-Westropp, N. (2007). Interdisciplinary education in anatomy: it works for staff too. Focus on Health Professional Education, 8(3), 110-115. 2006 Salo, A., Twigg, D., Grimshaw, P., & Viitasalo, J. (2006). Extrapolation errors in controlled three-dimensional video camera set-ups. Journal of Human Movement Studies, 50(1), 1-18.
2005 Ahmun, R., Tong, R., & Grimshaw, P. (2005). The effects of acute creatine supplementation on multiple sprint cycling and running performance in rugby players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 19(1), 92-97.
DOI Scopus20 WoS15 Europe PMC6
2005 Cole, M., & Grimshaw, P. (2005). Compressive loads on the lumbar spine during lifting: 4D WATBAK versus inverse dynamics calculations. Applied Bionics & Biomechanics, 2(3/4), 149-160.
2005 Ahmun, R. P., Tong, R. J., & Grimshaw, P. N. (2005). The Effects of Acute Creatine Supplementation on Multiple Sprint Cycling and Running Performance in Rugby Players. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 19(1), 92.
2004 Salo, A., Grimshaw, P., & Viitasalo, J. (2004). Influence of camera orientations on three-dimensional motion analysis. Journal of Human Movement Studies, 47(3), 253-267.
2004 Marques-Bruna, P., & Grimshaw, P. (2004). Reliability of gait parameters in children under two years of age. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 98(1), 123-130.
DOI Scopus3 WoS2 Europe PMC1
2004 Cole, M., Grimshaw, P., & Burden, A. (2004). Loads on the lumbar spine during a work capacity assessment test. Work, 23(2), 169-178.
Scopus6 Europe PMC2
2003 Cole, M., & Grimshaw, P. (2003). Low back pain and lifting: a review of epidemiology and aetiology. Work, 21(2), 173-184.
Scopus32 Europe PMC12
2002 Grimshaw, P., Giles, A., Tong, R., & Grimmer, K. (2002). Lower back and elbow injuries in golf. Sports Medicine, 32(10), 655-666.
DOI Scopus24 WoS22 Europe PMC13
2000 Grimshaw, P., & Burden, A. (2000). Case report: Reduction of low back pain in a professional golfer. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 32(10), 1667-1673.
DOI Scopus49 WoS44 Europe PMC32
2000 Marques-Bruna, P., & Grimshaw, P. (2000). Measuring development of a child's early walking: Implications for clinical assessment of gait. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 90(4), 1176-1178.
DOI Scopus1 WoS1
2000 Marques-Bruna, P., & Grimshaw, P. (2000). Changes in coordination during the first 8 months of independent walking. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 91(3), 855-869.
DOI Scopus4 WoS4
1998 Grimshaw, P., Marques-Bruna, P., Salo, A., & Messenger, N. (1998). The 3-dimensional kinematics of the walking gait cycle of children aged between 10 and 24 months: Cross sectional and repeated measures. Gait and Posture, 7(1), 7-15.
DOI Scopus23 WoS21 Europe PMC13
1998 Salo, A., & Grimshaw, P. (1998). An examination of kinematic variability of motion analysis in sprint hurdles. Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 14(2), 211-222.
DOI Scopus24 WoS21
1998 Marques-Bruna, P., & Grimshaw, P. (1998). Variability in development of overarm throwing: A longitudinal case study over the first 6 months of throwing. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 86(3 PART 2), 1403-1418.
DOI Scopus7 WoS6 Europe PMC1
1998 Burden, A., Grimshaw, P., & Wallace, E. (1998). Hip and shoulder rotations during the golf swing of sub-10 handicap players. Journal of Sports Sciences, 16(2), 165-176.
DOI Scopus90 WoS86 Europe PMC42
1997 Marques-Bruna, P., & Grimshaw, P. (1997). 3-Dimensional kinematics of overarm throwing action of children age 15 to 30 months. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 84(3 PART II), 1267-1283.
DOI Scopus8 WoS7 Europe PMC4
1997 Salo, A., Grimshaw, P., & Viitasalo, J. (1997). Reliability of variables in the kinematic analysis of sprint hurdles. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 29(3), 383-389.
DOI Scopus19 WoS18 Europe PMC9
1997 Salo, A., Grimshaw, P., & Marar, L. (1997). 3-D biomechanical analysis of sprint hurdles at different competitive levels. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 29(2), 231-237.
DOI Scopus11 WoS7 Europe PMC5
1997 Grimshaw, P., & Bowker, P. (1997). Quantitative assessment of anterior cruciate ligament deficiency: Applied load versus applied displacement. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine, 211(6), 441-449.
DOI Scopus1 WoS1
1989 Paton, R., Grimshaw, P., McGregor, J., & Noble, J. (1989). Biomechanical assessment of the effects of significant hamstring injury: an isokinetic study. Journal of Biomedical Engineering, 11(3), 229-230.
DOI Scopus22 WoS17 Europe PMC12
Year Citation 2017 Haydon, D. S., Pinder, R. A., Grimshaw, P., & Robertson, W. S. P. (2017). Intra-Stroke Acceleration Profile Of An Elite Mid-Point Wheelchair Rugby Player. Poster session presented at the meeting of XXVI Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics. Brisbane, Australia. 2017 Haydon, D. S., Pinder, R. A., Grimshaw, P., & Robertson, W. S. P. (2017). Alterations In Pressure Distribution During Agility Activities In Wheelchair Rugby. Poster session presented at the meeting of XXVI Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics. Brisbane, Australia. 2017 Sobey, S. A., Grimshaw, P. N., Grainger, S., & Robertson, W. S. P. (2017). Design of a New Smart Inertial Based Spinal Motion Measurement Device. Poster session presented at the meeting of XXVI Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics. Brisbane, Australia. 2017 Lewis, A. R., Phillips, E. J., Portus, M., Grimshaw, P., & Robertson, W. (2017). Changes in leg pressure during modes of wheelchair propulsion. Poster session presented at the meeting of XXVI Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics. 2017 Lewis, A., Phillips, E. J., Periac, F., Portus, M., Grimshaw, P., & Robertson, W. (2017). Does glove type influence wheelchair propulsion symmetry in junior athletes?. Poster session presented at the meeting of XXVI Congress of the International Society of Biomechanics. 2017 Lewis, A., Robertson, W., Grimshaw, P., Phillips, E., & Portus, M. (2017). The effect of altering intensity thresholds in dual energy x-ray absorptiometry scans on the calculations of body segment masses. Poster session presented at the meeting of XVI International Symposium on Computer Simulation in Biomechanics. Gold Coast, Australia. 2017 Lewis, A. R., Phillips, E. J., Moore, V., Bartram, J., Grimshaw, P., Portus, M., & Robertson, W. S. P. (2017). The optimisation of trunk position for the 2016 Rio Paralympic wheelchair racing finals. Poster session presented at the meeting of 35th International Conference on Biomechanics in Sports. Cologne, Germany. 2016 Haydon, D. S., Pinder, R. A., Grimshaw, P., & Robertson, W. (2016). Propulsion in Elite Low-point Classification Rugby Wheelchair Athletes. Poster session presented at the meeting of International Society of Biomechanics in Sport. Tsukuba, Japan.
The following lists the funding opportunities I have had since 1990 both from the UK and Australia. Please note I have also listed unsuccessful category 1 and category 2 funding applications to show that it is difficult to get such funding in Australia in the Biomechanics/Sports Engineering and Technology area.
- 1990 - 1995 Successful in acquiring a number of capital bids for the area of Biomechanics within West London Institute/Brunel University College, UK to purchase: Kistler Force plate systems, 3-Dimensional Video systems, Isokinetic Dynamometer and EMG Telemetry systems. Approx (£150,000)
- 1992 - 1998 UK, Sports Council Funding: £14,938 per annum. SSSP project involving British Athletics Federation: Biomechanical Analysis of Sprint Hurdles.
- 1993 - 1995 UK, HEFCE grant awarded for the appointment of a Research Fellow to the Hurdles Biomechanics project. £16,835 per annum.
- 1995 - 1996 Post-Graduate studentship from Brunel University College, UK for a Research Assistant to work on Children’s Gait project. £6220 per annum.
- 1996 University of Exeter, UK. Small Research Fund Application for a Research Assistant for 2 months for 3-Dimensional Kinematics work on Children’s Gait. £1500.
- 1996 Laboratory development grant. University of Exeter, UK. £50,000.
- 1997 Small research grant from University of Exeter to conduct research into low back pain in professional golfers. £1500.
- 1999 Laboratory development. University of South Australia. $150,000.
- 2002/2003 Research grant, Workplace services (SA Government) $4000.
- 2002 Small research grant, Repatriation General Hospital, Adelaide $2000.
- 2006 Channel 7 children’s foundation (with Novitatech) $25,000.
- 2006 University of South Australia, NHMRC project development grant $10,000.
- 2007 University of South Australia, Teaching and Learning grant $10,000. Development of an anatomy teaching and learning space business plan.
- 2010 University of Adelaide, Laboratory Development Funding $200,000
- 2012 University of Adelaide, ECMS Teaching and Learning award $1000
- 2012 University of Adelaide, capital equipment funding – 2 x high speed cameras $60,000
- 2010-2014 Several applications for ARC Discovery Grant and NHMRC research funding (low back pain research) – approx. $240,000 – the area was ruled ineligible for ARC funding in 2013 due to it being medical research ((unsuccessful to date)
- 2014-2016 Several applications to Defence Science and Technology Network on human performance factors looking at Wireless Body Area Networks (unsuccessful to date)
- 2015 University of Adelaide, capital equipment funding $50,000
- 2016 University of Adelaide, capital equipment funding $150,000
- 1999-2017 Several successful consultancy projects (mainly expert witness reports) $300,000 (approx. $20,000 per year)
Approximate career total (AUS $): 1.6M
In my teaching responsibilities at the University of Adelaide I teach on the Bachelor of Engineering (Mechanical and Sports) honours degree (the BE (Hons) Mech. and Sports degree was established in 2008), which is part of the 4-year professional Mechanical Engineering degree program accredited by Engineers Australia. In this context I teach and have taught on several courses for example: Sports Engineering I and Sports Engineering II, which are concerned with Instrumenting the athlete and equipment and Biomechanical Engineering (muscle and joint loads, artificial joints). In addition, I also supervise a number of final 4th year Engineering honours projects in the areas of Sports Engineering, Sports Technology and Biomechanics for example: the Australian Rules Football Kicking Machine; Table Tennis Playing Robot utilising 3D visual tracking; Diabetes Mellitus – Gait Analysis; Tennis Racket Assessment Device and Tennis Ball Delivery System (several of which have won Engineering, Computer and Mathematical Sciences (ECMS) faculty innovation awards). Finally, at the University of Adelaide I also teach in the School of Medical Sciences on the course Fundamentals of Biomechanics and Human Movement.
Courses Taught (from 2009 - to date)
Introduction to Sports Engineering – MECH ENG 1104 (year 1)
Sports Engineering I – MECH ENG 2102 (year 2)
Sports Engineering II – MECH ENG 3107 (year 3)
Sports Materials – MECH ENG 3108 (year 3)
Biomechanical Engineering – MECH ENG 4104/7044 (year 4 and Master)
Fundamentals of Biomechanics and Human Movement – HLTH SC 2101 (year 2, School of Medical Sciences, University of Adelaide)
In 2007, along with three colleagues from the UK, I published an undergraduate textbook for sport and exercise biomechanics. The book entitled: Instant Notes for Sport and Exercise Biomechanics (ISBN 185996284X, 392 pages), was published by Taylor & Francis and is designed as a series of Instant Notes, which are considered as expansions of the lecture notes from 1st and 2nd year core undergraduate teaching. This series entitled: Instant Notes has already proven to be particularly successful in areas such as molecular biology, psychology, and chemistry for biologists. These innovative books provide a structured approach to learning by covering all the important topics in a uniform, systematic format. The text book Instant Notes for Sport and Exercise Biomechanics has already sold over 7500 copies, been reprinted in 2008, translated into two languages in 2010 (French and Polish) and is proving a very useful and popular textbook both across Australia, USA and the United Kingdom.
Between 2011 and 2016, I have had the opportunity to teach biomechanics and ergonomics to engineering students at the University of Halmstad in Sweden (through both physically being in Sweden and through the Adobe Connect system while I am in Australia). This produced a new learning experience for both me as a lecturer, and the Swedish students as undergraduates. For them, they had a native English speaking teacher who could relate complicated concepts in a way used commonly by the majority of the western world and for me, although the students could speak almost perfect English, it was clear that they needed much more time in lectures to respond to my questions, prompting and directions. Once I had realised that the students needed the time to translate my questions into Swedish and then re-translate their answers back into English (and it was a Swedish female engineering student who told me this) I knew that the passion I have for teaching could now effectively transpire across non-native English speaking countries.
Current Higher Degree by Research Supervision (University of Adelaide)
Date Role Research Topic Program Degree Type Student Load Student Name 2017 Co-Supervisor Development of Track Cycling Aerodynamics through a Systems Engineering Approach Doctor of Philosophy Doctorate Full Time Mr Shaun Fitzgerald 2017 Co-Supervisor Design Optimisation of a Hand Exoskeleton for Rehabilitation and Virtual Reality Master of Philosophy Master Full Time Mr Van Tai Nguyen 2015 Principal Supervisor Three-Dimensional Measurement of Spinal Kinematics and Whole-Body Activity Recognition Doctor of Philosophy Doctorate Full Time Mr Sammuel Aleck Sobey
Past Higher Degree by Research Supervision (University of Adelaide)
Date Role Research Topic Program Degree Type Student Load Student Name 2015 - 2018 Principal Supervisor Optimisation of the Rugby Wheelchair for Performance Doctor of Philosophy Doctorate Full Time Mr David Scott Haydon 2015 - 2019 Principal Supervisor Performance Benefits of Customised Seating Interfaces for Elite Wheelchair Racing Athletes Doctor of Philosophy Doctorate Full Time Amy Rebecca Lewis
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