Nicholas Candy

Nicholas Candy

Adelaide Medical School

Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences


Neurosurgical trainee based in South Australia with a keen interest in open and endoscopic skull base surgery. Currently undertaking a PhD in endoscopic pituitary surgery with Professor Alkis Psatlis, Professor Peter-John Wormald and Associate Professor Alistair Jukes investigating different ways to improve post operative endocrine outcome.

Improving endocrine outcomes following endoscopic pituitary surgery

  • Appointments

    Date Position Institution name
    2023 - ongoing Clinical Lecturer University of Adelaide
    2021 - ongoing Neurosurgical trainee SA Health
  • Education

    Date Institution name Country Title
    2023 University of Adelaide Australia Doctor of Philosophy
    2017 - 2018 University of Sydney Australia Master of Surgery (Neurosurgery)
    2011 - 2016 James Cook University Australia Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery
  • Research Interests

  • Journals

    Year Citation
    2024 Candy, N. G., Jukes, A. K., Van Der Veken, J., Torpy, D. J., Vrodos, N., Santoreneos, S., . . . Psaltis, A. J. (2024). The Learning Curve for Endoscopic Endonasal Transsphenoidal Pituitary Surgery: Evaluating Endocrine Outcomes. Journal of Clinical Neuroscience, 120, 14-22.
    DOI
    2024 Candy, N. G., Van Der Veken, J., & Van Velthoven, V. (2024). 'What's in a name', a systematic review of the pterional craniotomy for aneurysm surgery and its many modifications with a proposal for simplified nomenclature.. Acta neurochirurgica, 166(1), 11-1-11-26.
    DOI
    2024 Mansour, L. T., Candy, N., Nowicki, J., Jukes, A., Chryssidis, S., & Harding, M. (2024). An infratentorial dural arteriovenous fistula mimicking cervical myelopathy: A case report. Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery, 237, 4 pages.
    DOI
    2024 Candy, N. G., Wu, K. C., Finger, G., Vankoevering, K., & Prevedello, D. M. (2024). Management of frontoethmoidal osteoma causing pneumocephalus and cerebrospinal fluid leakage with minimally invasive techniques: illustrative cases. Journal of Neurosurgery: Case Lessons, 7(6), CASE23699.
    DOI
    2024 De Sousa, S. M. C., Jukes, A. K., Candy, N. G., Chapman, I. M., Torpy, D. J., Shivalingam, B., . . . Santoreneos, S. (2024). Tumour fibrosis in dopamine agonist-exposed prolactinomas is a diminishing concern. Nature Reviews Endocrinology, 20(5), 314.
    DOI Scopus1
    2024 Mathew, A., Gorayski, P., Candy, N., Saran, F., & Le, H. (2024). Proton beam therapy for clival chordoma: Optimising rare cancer treatments in Australia. Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences, 71(S2), 47-58.
    DOI Scopus1 Europe PMC1
    2024 Candy, N. G., Jukes, A. K., Patel, S., King, T., Bouras, G., Vrodos, N., . . . Psaltis, A. J. (2024). Neuronavigation in endoscopic skull base surgery and the accuracy of different MRI sequences. Journal of Clinical Neuroscience, 123, 203-208.
    DOI
    2024 Candy, N. G., Jukes, A. K., Ooi, E. H., Valentine, R., Vrodos, N., Santoreneos, S., . . . Psaltis, A. J. (2024). The Evolution of Pituitary Surgery in an Australian Health Care Framework. Journal of Neurological Surgery, Part B: Skull Base, 8 pages.
    DOI
    2024 Candy, N. G., Zhang, A. S., Bouras, G., Jukes, A. K., Santoreneos, S., Vrodos, N., . . . Psaltis, A. J. (2024). Pilot Validation of a 3-Dimensional Printed Pituitary Adenoma, Vascular Injury, and Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak Surgical Simulator.. Operative neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.).
    DOI
    2023 Candy, N. G., Hinder, D., Jukes, A. K., Wormald, P. -J., & Psaltis, A. J. (2023). Olfaction preservation in olfactory groove meningiomas: a systematic review.. Neurosurgical review, 46(1), 1-8.
    DOI Scopus1 Europe PMC1
    2023 Candy, N. G., Ovenden, C., Jukes, A. K., Wormald, P. -J., & Psaltis, A. J. (2023). The learning curve for endoscopic endonasal pituitary surgery: a systematic review.. Neurosurg Rev, 46(1), 1-13.
    DOI Scopus3 WoS2 Europe PMC2
    2022 Kolias, A. G., Adams, H., Timofeev, I. S., Corteen, E. A., Hossain, I., Czosnyka, M., . . . Hutchinson, P. J. (2022). Evaluation of Outcomes Among Patients With Traumatic Intracranial Hypertension Treated With Decompressive Craniectomy vs Standard Medical Care at 24 Months A Secondary Analysis of the RESCUEicp Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA NEUROLOGY, 79(7), 664-671.
    DOI Europe PMC19
    2019 Candy, N., Tsimiklis, C., Poonnoose, S., & Trivedi, R. (2019). The use of antiepileptic medication in early post traumatic seizure prophylaxis at a single institution. Journal of Clinical Neuroscience, 69, 198-205.
    DOI Scopus12 Europe PMC7
    2017 Clark, A. D., Guilfoyle, M. R., Candy, N. G., Budohoski, K. P., Hofmann, R., Barone, D. G., . . . Trivedi, R. A. (2017). Stereoscopic Three-Dimensional Neuroanatomy Lectures Enhance Neurosurgical Training: Prospective Comparison with Traditional Teaching. World Neurosurgery, 108, 917-923.e5.
    DOI Scopus13 Europe PMC4
    2017 Candy, N., Young, A., Devadass, A., Dean, A., McMillen, J., & Trivedi, R. (2017). Dual lumbar bronchogenic and arachnoid cyst presenting with sciatica and left foot drop. Acta Neurochirurgica, 159(10), 2029-2032.
    DOI Scopus2
    2017 Candy, N., Young, A., Allinson, K., Carr, O., McMillen, J., & Trivedi, R. (2017). Metastatic Neuroendocrine Carcinoma of Unknown Origin Arising in the Femoral Nerve Sheath. World Neurosurgery, 104, 1047.e1-1047.e6.
    DOI Scopus2 Europe PMC1
    2017 Clark, A. D., Barone, D. G., Candy, N., Guilfoyle, M., Budohoski, K., Hofmann, R., . . . Trivedi, R. A. (2017). The Effect of 3-Dimensional Simulation on Neurosurgical Skill Acquisition and Surgical Performance: A Review of the Literature. Journal of Surgical Education, 74(5), 828-836.
    DOI Scopus30 Europe PMC5
    2017 Candy, N., Ng, E., & Velu, R. (2017). Paclitaxel-coated balloon reduces target lesion revascularization compared with standard balloon angioplasty. Journal of Vascular Surgery, 65(2), 558-570.e10.
    DOI Scopus9 Europe PMC2
    - Candy, N. G., Ashokan, A., Lim, W. Y., Kidd, S. E., James, C., Abou-Hamden, A., & Psaltis, A. J. (n.d.). Non-surgical management of chronic granulomatous invasive fungal sinusitis with intracranial extension a case report and literature review. International Journal of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, 9(9), 725-728.
    DOI
    - Nicholas G, C. (n.d.). Giant Intracranial Epidermoid Tumour: Decision Making in a Complex Case. Neurosurgery - Cases and Reviews, 6(2).
    DOI

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