Senior Research Fellow
Adelaide Medical School
Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences
Eligible to supervise Masters and PhD - email supervisor to discuss availability.
I am Principal Medical Scientist for Vascular Surgery at the Basil Hetzel Institute for Translational Health Research (The Queen Elizabeth Hospital) and a Senior Research Fellow with the University of Adelaide. I was previously a Senior Research Development Officer with the Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences. I leverage my background in psychological science to coordinate a variety of clinical research, with expertise in data and research management, grant writing, strategic analysis, and professional development.
Until recently, I was a research fellow and laboratory coordinator in psychology studying animal behaviour and cognition across a range of topics, including: interval timing, decision-making, number discrimination, episodic memory, metacognition, and categorization. I completed my Honours degree at Wilfrid Laurier University and my MSc and PhD at the University of Western Ontario (as NSERC Canada Graduate Scholar), as well as a Postdoctoral Fellowship at the University of Alberta (all in Canada). I also taught undergraduate courses in learning, behaviour modification, and animal cognition.
- My Research
- Grants and Funding
- Professional Activities
Chronic lower extremity wounds are common and cause significant morbidity, distress, and loss of quality of life. Leg and foot ulcers are most frequently caused by cardiovascular disease and diabetes-related neuropathy. The management of these wounds is time-consuming and expensive, and the annual burden of diabetes-related foot disease (DRFD) alone in Australia causes an estimated 1,700 deaths and 5,200 lower limb amputations in 2019/20 according to the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.
As research manager for the Vascular Surgery Research Group, I research novel technologies and organise large, multi-centre outcomes studies in assessment and monitoring of diabetes-related foot complications and lower-limb ischaemia. Our research program is designed to address the many multi-disciplinary gaps in patient care for this cohort. Our projects include:
- implementation studies of telehealth models for diabetes feet care, especially using advanced technologies (mixed reality, artificial intelligence, wound imaging apps)
- creation and testing of Virtual Reality training modules for community care workers to help manage diabetes-related foot disease in Aboriginal people
- blood and tissue biobanking and patient registries for cardiovascular disease and lower-limb complications
- patient-centered outcomes in chronic limb-threatening ischaemia
- new treatments and targets for infections in diabetes-related wounds
Our ongoing approach to better telehealth is explained below:
For more on my past research interests, please check out my Reddit AMA on animal cognition!
Date Position Institution name 2023 - ongoing Senior Research Fellow University of Adelaide 2022 - 2023 Affiliate Senior Lecturer The University of Adelaide 2022 - ongoing Principal Medical Scientist Central Adelaide Local Health Network 2020 - 2023 Senior Research Officer University of Adelaide 2019 - 2021 Senior Research Development Officer University of Adelaide 2013 - 2017 Postdoctoral Fellow University of Alberta 2009 - 2013 Animal Care Technician (part-time) University of Western Ontario
Date Institution name Country Title 2013 University of Western Ontario Canada PhD, Psychology 2009 University of Western Ontario Canada MSc, Psychology 2007 Wilfrid Laurier University Canada BSc (Honours), Psychology
Year Citation 2023 Graham, K., Siatis, C. M., Gunn, K. M., Ong, E., Loughry, C., Mcmillan, N., & Fitridge, R. (2023). The experiences of health workers using telehealth services for diabetes-related foot complications: a qualitative exploration.. J Foot Ankle Res, 16(1), 1-14.
2022 Scierka, L. E., Mena-Hurtado, C., Shishehbor, M. H., Spertus, J. A., Nagpal, S., Babrowski, T., . . . Smolderen, K. G. (2022). The shifting care and outcomes for patients with endangered limbs – Critical limb ischemia (SCOPE-CLI) registry overview of study design and rationale. IJC Heart and Vasculature, 39, 1-9.
DOI Scopus1 WoS1
2019 McMillan, N., & Spetch, M. L. (2019). Anticipation of a midsession reversal in humans. Behavioural Processes, 159, 60-64.
DOI Scopus4 WoS4 Europe PMC1
2018 Ludvig, E. A., Madan, C. R., McMillan, N., Xu, Y., & Spetch, M. L. (2018). Living near the edge: how extreme outcomes and their neighbors drive risky choice. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 147(12), 1905-1918.
DOI Scopus20 WoS18 Europe PMC6
2017 Du, Y., McMillan, N., Madan, C. R., Spetch, M. L., & Mou, W. (2017). Cue integration in spatial search for jointly learned landmarks but not for separately learned landmarks. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition, 43(12), 1857-1871.
DOI Scopus6 WoS6 Europe PMC3
2017 McMillan, N., Spetch, M. L., Roberts, W. A., & Sturdy, C. B. (2017). It's all a matter of time: Interval timing and competition for stimulus control. Comparative Cognition and Behavior Reviews, 12(1), 83-103.
DOI Scopus11 WoS9
2017 McMillan, N., Hahn, A. H., Congdon, J. V., Campbell, K. A., Hoang, J., Scully, E. N., . . . Sturdy, C. B. (2017). Chickadees discriminate contingency reversals presented consistently, but not frequently. Animal Cognition, 20(4), 655-663.
DOI Scopus5 WoS5 Europe PMC1
2017 Hahn, A. H., Campbell, K. A., Congdon, J. V., Hoang, J., McMillan, N., Scully, E. N., . . . Sturdy, C. B. (2017). Discrimination of acoustically similar conspecific and heterospecific vocalizations by black-capped chickadees (Poecile atricapillus). Animal Cognition, 20(4), 639-654.
DOI Scopus2 WoS2
2017 Hahn, A. H., Congdon, J. V., Campbell, K. A., Scully, E. N., McMillan, N., & Sturdy, C. B. (2017). Mechanisms of Communication and Cognition in Chickadees: Explaining Nature in the Lab and Field. Advances in the Study of Behavior, 49, 147-197.
DOI Scopus3 WoS3
2017 Proppe, D. S., McMillan, N., Congdon, J. V., & Sturdy, C. B. (2017). Mitigating road impacts on animals through learning principles. Animal Cognition, 20(1), 19-31.
DOI Scopus20 WoS15 Europe PMC4
2017 Sturdy, C., Campbell, K., Congdon, J., Hahn, A., McMillan, N., & Scully, E. (2017). Moving from perceptual to functional categories in songbirds. International Journal of Comparative Psychology, 30, 2-14.
2017 Scully, E. N., Hahn, A. H., Campbell, K. A., McMillan, N., Congdon, J. V., & Sturdy, C. B. (2017). ZENK expression following conspecific and heterospecific playback in the zebra finch auditory forebrain. Behavioural Brain Research, 331, 151-158.
DOI Scopus6 WoS6 Europe PMC1
2017 Ludvig, E. A., Madan, C. R., McMillan, N., Xu, Y., & Spetch, M. L. (2017). Living near the edge: How extreme outcomes and their neighbours drive risky choice.
2016 Congdon, J. V., Hahn, A. H., Mcmillan, N., Avey, M. T., & Sturdy, C. B. (2016). Chickadee behavioural response to varying threat levels of predator and conspecific calls. International Journal of Comparative Psychology, 29, 1-19.
2016 Hahn, A. H., Hoeschele, M., Guillette, L. M., Hoang, J., McMillan, N., Congdon, J. V., . . . Sturdy, C. B. (2016). Black-capped chickadees categorize songs based on features that vary geographically. Animal Behaviour, 112, 93-104.
DOI Scopus7 WoS6
2016 McMillan, N., Sturdy, C. B., Pisklak, J. M., & Spetch, M. L. (2016). Pigeons perform poorly on a midsession reversal task without rigid temporal regularity. Animal Cognition, 19(4), 855-859.
DOI Scopus12 WoS12 Europe PMC5
2015 McMillan, N., & Sturdy, C. B. (2015). Commentary: A crisis in comparative psychology: Where have all the undergraduates gone?. Frontiers in Psychology, 6(OCT), 2 pages.
DOI Scopus9 WoS6 Europe PMC2
2015 Mcmillan, N., & Roberts, W. A. (2015). A three-stimulus midsession reversal task in pigeons with visual and spatial discriminative stimuli. Animal Cognition, 18(1), 373-383.
DOI Scopus16 WoS15 Europe PMC11
2015 Hahn, A. H., Hoang, J., McMillan, N., Campbell, K., Congdon, J., & Sturdy, C. B. (2015). Biological salience influences performance and acoustic mechanisms for the discrimination of male and female songs. Animal Behaviour, 104, 213-228.
DOI Scopus11 WoS10
2015 Mcmillan, N., Hahn, A. H., Spetch, M. L., & Sturdy, C. B. (2015). Avian cognition: Examples of sophisticated capabilities in space and song. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science, 6(3), 285-297.
DOI Scopus8 WoS5 Europe PMC3
2015 McMillan, N., Sturdy, C. B., & Spetch, M. L. (2015). When is a choice not a choice? Pigeons fail to inhibit incorrect responses on a go/no-go midsession reversal task. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Learning and Cognition, 41(3), 255-265.
DOI Scopus24 WoS25 Europe PMC12
2015 Hahn, A. H., Guillette, L. M., Lee, D., McMillan, N., Hoang, J., & Sturdy, C. B. (2015). Experience affects immediate early gene expression in response to conspecific call notes in black-capped chickadees (Poecile atricapillus). Behavioural Brain Research, 287, 49-58.
DOI Scopus7 WoS8 Europe PMC3
2014 McMillan, N., Kirk, C. R., & Roberts, W. A. (2014). Pigeon (Columba livia) and rat (Rattus norvegicus) performance in the midsession reversal procedure depends upon cue dimensionality. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 128(4), 357-366.
DOI Scopus27 WoS26 Europe PMC12
2014 Kirk, C. R., McMillan, N., & Roberts, W. A. (2014). Rats respond for information: Metacognition in a rodent?. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 40(2), 249-259.
DOI Scopus23 WoS21 Europe PMC10
2013 McMillan, N., & Roberts, W. A. (2013). Pigeons rank-order responses to temporally sequential stimuli. Learning and Behavior, 41(3), 309-318.
DOI Scopus2 WoS2 Europe PMC1
2013 McMillan, N., & Roberts, W. A. (2013). Interval timing under variations in the relative validity of temporal cues. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 39(4), 334-341.
DOI Scopus6 WoS6 Europe PMC2
2012 McMillan, N., & Roberts, W. A. (2012). Pigeons make errors as a result of interval timing in a visual, but not a visual-spatial, midsession reversal task. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 38(4), 440-445.
DOI Scopus43 WoS41 Europe PMC14
2012 Roberts, W., McMillan, N., Musolino, E., & Cole, M. (2012). Information Seeking in Animals: Metacognition?. Comparative Cognition & Behavior Reviews, 8, 85-109.
2010 McMillan, N., & Roberts, W. A. (2010). The effects of cue competition on timing in pigeons. Behavioural Processes, 84(2), 581-590.
DOI Scopus11 WoS9 Europe PMC4
2009 Roberts, W. A., Feeney, M. C., McMillan, N., MacPherson, K., Musolino, E., & Petter, M. (2009). Do Pigeons (Columba livia) Study for a Test?. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 35(2), 129-142.
DOI Scopus60 WoS52 Europe PMC40
2008 Van Rooyen, P., McMillan, N., & Santi, A. (2008). Rats' memory for event duration in delayed matching-to-sample with nonspatial comparison response alternatives. Behavioural Processes, 78(1), 1-9.
DOI Scopus1 WoS1
2008 Roberts, W. A., Feeney, M. C., MacPherson, K., Petter, M., McMillan, N., & Musolino, E. (2008). Episodic-like memory in rats: Is it based on when or how long ago?. Science, 320(5872), 113-115.
DOI Scopus123 WoS109 Europe PMC70
Year Citation 2017 Mcmillan, N., Avey, M. T., Bloomfield, L. L., Guillette, L. M., Hahn, A. H., Hoeschele, M., & Sturdy, C. B. (2017). Avian Vocal Perception: Bioacoustics and Perceptual Mechanisms. In C. ten Cate, & S. D. Healy (Eds.), Avian Cognition (pp. 270-295). Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.
|2023-2028||An Augmented Reality program to improve telemedicine delivery and wound research for people with chronic lower-extremity ulcers||RA Fitridge, N McMillan, Z Szpak, C Loughry, P Worley, S Wingard, A Szpak, K Graham||Medical Research Futures Fund - National Critical Research Infrastructure scheme||$2,270,382|
Improving telemedicine delivery for Aboriginal people with diabetes-related foot complications using Virtual and Augmented Reality (VR/AR)
|RA Fitridge, A Brown, K Morey, C Loughry, S Jones, Z Szpak, A Szpak (N McMillan AI)||DoH Indigenous Australians' Health Programme Grant||$575,020|
|2016-2018||Reducing the Allure of Winning Cues in Gambling||ML Spetch, EL Ludvig, C Madan, N McMillan||Alberta Gambling Research Institute Major Grant||$134,506|
|2009-2012||Effects of Cue Competition on Timing in Pigeons||N McMillan||Natural Science & Engineering Research Council Canada Graduate Scholarship||$105,000|
Principles of Learning and Behaviour (PS381); University of Alberta (2016)
*Behaviour Modification (PS282); University of Alberta (2015; 2017)
*Theory in Learning & Comparative Cognition (PS485); University of Alberta (2014; 2016)
Introduction to Behaviour (PS281); MacEwan University (2014)
*Department of Psychology Teaching Honour Roll with Distinction & 2017 Interdisciplinary Science Students’ Association Award for Excellence in Teaching
Current Higher Degree by Research Supervision (University of Adelaide)
Date Role Research Topic Program Degree Type Student Load Student Name 2022 Principal Supervisor The impact of treatment patterns on quality of life in individuals with critical limb ischaemia Master of Clinical Science Master Part Time Miss Suhanya Seimon
Date Role Committee Institution Country 2016 - 2016 Secretary Postdoctoral Fellows Association University of Alberta Canada 2015 - 2016 Member 3-Minute Thesis Judging Panel University of Alberta Canada 2015 - 2016 Member Department of Psychology Council University of Alberta Canada 2012 - 2013 Secretary Ontario Ecology, Ethology, & Evolution Colloquium Organizing Committee University of Western Ontario Canada 2011 - 2011 Member Space and Facilities Committee University of Western Ontario Canada 2009 - 2010 Member Society of Graduate Students University of Western Ontario Canada 2007 - 2011 Member Graduate Teaching Assistant Union University of Western Ontario Canada
Date Title Engagement Type Institution Country 2018 - 2018 Enquiries Desk & Oncology Ward Support Volunteer Public Community Engagement Calvary North Adelaide Hospital Australia 2017 - 2017 Patient/Family Safety Advisory Panel - Health Quality Council of Alberta Canada 2016 - 2017 New Patient Facilitator, Wayfinder, & Patient Advisor Public Community Engagement Cross Cancer Institute Canada 2016 - 2016 Communications Working Group - IMAGINE Citizens for Health Canada
Date Role Editorial Board Name Institution Country 2017 - 2022 Associate Editor Comparative Cognition & Behavior Reviews Comparative Cognition & Behavior Reviews United States
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