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Jacob Mills

Jacob Mills
Higher Degree by Research Candidate
School of Biological Sciences
Faculty of Sciences

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Jacob Mills

I'm not a native to the urban landscape, neither are you, nor anyone you can think of. We've removed ourselves from our evolved habitat and it's making us sick. The epidemic of non-contagious diseases in urban populations has likely come about because we're no longer getting an adequate exposure to our Old Friends - the coevolved microorganisms of our evolutionary history, and natural habitat and lifestyle, which educate and regulate our immune systems. The lack of exposure to immune educating and regulating microorganisms, which come from our natural habitat, is causing a myriad of diseases related to immune dysregulation. My research is centred on investigating the Microbiome Rewilding Hypothesis - that incorporating biodiversity into the urban landscape will rewild our urban habitat to promote adequate exposure to our Old Friends and lead to positive health outcomes. Currently I'm focusing on the ecological mechanisms of this hypothesis. In short, I'm researching how microbial communities of high and low biodiversity urban green spaces interact with plants and people.


Date Position Institution name
2018 PhD candidate University of Adelaide, Adelaide


Date Institution name Country Title
2016 - 2017 University of Adelaide, Adelaide Australia Bachelor of Science - Honours
2013 - 2015 The University of Adelaide Adelaide Bachelor of Science - Advanced


Date Title Institution name Country
2009 Certificate III in Electrotechnology - Systems Ele TAFE SA Australia


Year Citation
2018 Yan, D., Mills, J., Gellie, N., Bissett, A., Lowe, A., & Breed, M. (2018). High-throughput eDNA monitoring of fungi to track functional recovery in ecological restoration. Biological Conservation, 217, 113-120.
DOI Scopus3
2017 Mills, J., Weinstein, P., Gellie, N., Weyrich, L., Lowe, A., & Breed, M. (2017). Urban habitat restoration provides a human health benefit through microbiome rewilding: the Microbiome Rewilding Hypothesis. Restoration Ecology, 25(6), 866-872.
DOI Scopus3 WoS2
2017 Gellie, N., Mills, J., Breed, M., & Lowe, A. (2017). Revegetation rewilds the soil bacterial microbiome of an old field. Molecular Ecology, 26(11), 2895-2904.
DOI Scopus9 WoS7

Conference Items

Year Citation
2017 Mills, J. G., Weinstein., Gellie., Weyrich., Lowe., & Breed. (2017). Restoration of urban green spaces rewilds the environmental microbiome with associated shifts in the human microbiome.. Poster session presented at the meeting of Society for Ecological Restoration. Foz do Iguacu, Brazil.
2016 Lowe, A. J., Breed, M., Gellie, N., Guerin, G. R., Mills, J., & Christmas, M. (2016). Restoring South Australia's native vegetation. Poster session presented at the meeting of ''Botany 2016 – Past, Present and Future' Symposium. South Australian NRM Science Conference.. The University of Adelaide.
2016 Mills, J., Breed, M. F., Gellie, N., & Lowe, A. (2016). Revegetation rewilds the bacterial microbiome of an old field. Poster session presented at the meeting of Conservation genetics. Hamilton, NZ.


Year Citation
2017 Gellie, N., Mills, J. G., Breed, M. F., & Lowe, A. J. (2017). Revegetation rewilds the soil bacterial microbiome of an old field. Part 2: Soil chemistry.