Office of the Deputy Vice-Chancellor and Vice-President (Research)
Division of Research and Innovation
Part science, part storytelling and part application, my work focuses on understanding and resolving complex issues associated with the human use of marine and coastal ecosystems, and building collaborations to address them. I am a leading advocate and researcher in historical ecology and the 'shifting baselines syndrome', and aim to ensure knowledge of past environments is used to inform and inspire species and habitat restoration. I am an experienced policy practitioner, with more than a decade spent employed in government and industry management, and am increasingly connecting my work to some of the world's most pressing ocean challenges, including food and ecosystem security.
Learning from the past
Change in ecosystems over time can be vastly underestimated, and underappreciated. Marine and coastal environments have endured centuries of human use and exploitation, but where the past cannot be vividly recalled or a new baseline for 'normal' has already been accepted, these impacts can be overlooked. The shifting baselines syndrome has a stubborn influence on the way people view and interact with nature, and, as a result, the way manage our activities. Historical records, such as archived reports, letters, journals and photographs, as well as museum collections and geological records, can be used to recreate a more accurate understanding of past environments and human activities.
> I research post-colonial human interactions with marine and coastal resources, and use and build a range of materials and methods to establish historical baselines that can be readily adopted in contemporary natural resource management (e.g. environmental policies, stock assessments).
Designing our future
Aquaculture is the fastest growing primary production sector in the world. This industry provides a unique opportunity to grow a sustainable, socially equitable and accessible, low greenhouse gas emission source of protein. But new and more effective solutions to overcoming the historical and ongoing negative impacts from industrial-scale activity are needed.
Additionally, the positive influence that aquaculture can have on surrounding ecosystems is not well understood. Services beyond solely the production of food (e.g. water filtration, nutrient removal, carbon sequestration) can, under certain circumstances, be associated with a wide range of activities and sectors, particularly the farming of shellfish and algae, but also finfish. New knowledge and primary data on the full range of effects (positive and negative) and ecological and societal values associated with aquaculture are needed.
> I am working with industry and environmental NGOs to understand the positive impacts that aquaculture can have on marine and coastal ecosystems, and to resolve operational and governance approaches that could be used to design and intentionally support aquaculture's delivery of ecosystem services.
Collaborating on grand challenges
A fundamental, and increasingly important, part of my work is supporting collectives to address common needs or issues. Collaboration can be an emotional and exhausting endeavour, but the complexity and scale of the challenges people and nature now face means they cannot be overcome by individuals alone.
> I am assisting industry, government, researchers and communities to understand and appreciate each others values and guiding processes, and enabling collaborations by connecting people and knowledge.
Date Position Institution name 2018 Executive Officer, Research Engagement University of Adelaide 2015 - 2018 General Manager, Aquaculture Policy and Environment Primary Industries and Regions South Australia 2015 - 2015 Program Leader, Fisheries Enhancement Primary Industries and Regions South Australia 2009 - 2015 Senior Advisor, Aquatic Pests Biosecurity SA 2007 - 2009 Policy Officer, Fisheries and Biosecurity Primary Industries and Resources South Australia 2004 - 2005 Coastcare Facilitator Natural Resources Kangaroo Island 2003 - 2004 Fisheries Statistician Department of Fisheries Vanuatu
Awards and Achievements
Date Type Title Institution Name Country Amount 2018 Award Finalist, SA Science Excellence Awards - Excellence in Research Collaboration South Australian Government Australia — 2016 Award Young Tall Poppy Science Award, South Australia Australian Institute of Policy & Science Australia — 2016 Research Award Dean's Commendation for Doctoral Research Thesis Excellence University of Adelaide Australia — 2005 Award Young South Australian of the Year SA Great Australia — 2005 Award 50 Most Inspiring Young People SA Great Australia — 2004 Award South Australia Young Achiever of the Year, Environment Awards Australia Australia —
Date Institution name Country Title 2012 - 2015 University of Adelaide Australia PhD 2006 - 2006 University of Adelaide Australia BSc (Honours) 2000 - 2002 Flinders University Australia BSc (Marine Biology)
Year Citation 2020 Gentry, R., Alleway, H., Bishop, M., Gillies, C., Waters, T., & Jones, R. (2020). Exploring the potential for marine aquaculture to contribute to ecosystem services. Reviews in Aquaculture, 12(2), 499-512.
DOI Scopus9 WoS5
2020 Gillies, C., Castine, S., Alleway, H., Crawford, C., Fitzsimons, J., Hancock, B., . . . zu Ermgassen, P. (2020). Conservation status of the Oyster Reef Ecosystem of Southern and Eastern Australia. Global Ecology and Conservation, 22, 16 pages.
2020 Caswell, B., Klein, E., Alleway, H., Ball, J., Botero, J., Cardinale, M., . . . Thurstan, R. (2020). Something old, something new: Historical perspectives provide lessons for blue growth agendas. Fish and Fisheries, 21(4), 774-796.
2019 Mcafee, D., Alleway, H. K., & Connell, S. D. (2019). Environmental solutions sparked by environmental history.. Conservation biology : the journal of the Society for Conservation Biology, 34(2), 386-394.
DOI Scopus5 WoS4
2019 Theuerkauf, S. J., Morris, J. A., Waters, T. J., Wickliffe, L. C., Alleway, H. K., & Jones, R. C. (2019). A global spatial analysis reveals where marine aquaculture can benefit nature and people. PloS one, 14(10), e0222282.
DOI Scopus4 WoS2
2019 Alleway, H., Gillies, C., Bishop, M., Gentry, R., Theuerkauf, S., & Jones, R. (2019). The ecosystem services of marine aquaculture: valuing benefits to people and nature. Bioscience, 69(1), 59-68.
DOI Scopus12 WoS11
2018 Gillies, C. L., McLeod, I. M., Alleway, H. K., Cook, P., Crawford, C., Creighton, C., . . . Warnock, B. (2018). Australian shellfish ecosystems: past distribution, current status and future direction. PLOS ONE, 13(2), 1-23.
DOI Scopus19 WoS16 Europe PMC3
2018 Ojaveer, H., Galil, B., Carlton, J., Alleway, H., Goulletquer, P., Lehtiniemi, M., . . . Zaiko, A. (2018). Historical baselines in marine bioinvasions: Implications for policy and management. PLoS ONE, 13(8), 48 pages.
DOI Scopus26 WoS24 Europe PMC1
2016 Izzo, C., Doubleday, Z., Grammer, G., Gilmore, K., Alleway, H., Barnes, T., . . . Gillanders, B. (2016). Fish as proxies of ecological and environmental change. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 26(3), 265-286.
DOI Scopus24 WoS26
2016 Alleway, H., Gillanders, B., & Connell, S. (2016). 'Neo-Europe' and its ecological consequences: the example of systematic degradation in Australia's inland fisheries. BIOLOGY LETTERS, 12(1), 1-7.
DOI Scopus2 WoS2
2015 Alleway, H., & Connell, S. (2015). Loss of an ecological baseline through the eradication of oyster reefs from coastal ecosystems and human memory. Conservation Biology, 29(3), 795-804.
DOI Scopus59 WoS48 Europe PMC7
2015 Gillies, C., Fitzsimons, J., Branigan, S., Hale, L., Hancock, B., Creighton, C., . . . Winstanley, R. (2015). Scaling-up marine restoration efforts in Australia. Ecological Management and Restoration, 16(2), 84-85.
DOI Scopus15 WoS13
2014 Alleway, H., Connell, S., Ward, T., & Gillanders, B. (2014). Historical changes in mean trophic level of southern Australian fisheries. Marine and Freshwater Research, 65(10), 884-893.
DOI Scopus6 WoS6
Year Citation 2016 Engelhard, G., Thurstan, R., MacKenzie, B., Alleway, H., Bannister, R., Cardinale, M., . . . Lescrauwaet, A. (2016). ICES meets marine historical ecology: Placing the history of fish and fisheries in current policy context. In ICES Journal of Marine Science. 3rd International Symposium on the Effects of Climate Change on the World's Oceans Vol. 73 (pp. 1386-1403). Online: Oxford University Press.
DOI Scopus34 WoS34
2016 Alleway, H., Thurstan, R., Lauer, P., & Connell, S. (2016). Incorporating historical data into aquaculture planning. In ICES Journal of Marine Science Vol. 73 (pp. 1427-1436). UK: OXFORD UNIV PRESS.
DOI Scopus2 WoS4
Date Role Membership Country 2015 - ongoing Member Shellfish Reef Restoration Network Australia 2013 - ongoing Member EU COST Oceans Past Initiative United Kingdom 2013 - ongoing Member ICES Working Group on the History of Fish and Fisheries Denmark
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