Dr Graham Lyons

Graham Lyons
Research Associate
School of Agriculture, Food and Wine
Faculty of Sciences

Grew up in Adelaide. Obtained B Agric Sci degree (University of Adelaide) in 1975. Spent 1980-1983 working on an agricultural development program in the Solomon Islands, and 1984-1997 operating a family agribusiness in SA (beef cattle, sheep, cereal crops), including the successful "Glen Bold" Angus stud. In the 1990s co-authored seven books, mostly on global environmental, agricultural, population, economic and health issues.
Obtained Master of Public Health degree (University of Adelaide, majoring in epidemiology and nutrition) in 2000, and a PhD (University of Adelaide, GRDC funded) in 2004. Title: High-selenium wheat: Biofortification for better health. An outcome of this research was the development and marketing of three innovative food products.
My background has formed my focus on applied research which can benefit producers and consumers in a timely manner. In order to overcome widespread nutrient/micronutrient deficiencies, it is necessary to move beyond production of food crops with yield as the sole focus, toward a "food system" paradigm based on sustainable provision of nutritious food to optimise human and animal health.
From 2006-2010 I managed the HarvestPlus Food Systems program (funded by the World Bank, USAID and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation). This program included the following projects:
*Agronomic biofortification, soil fertility and crop variety trials in a micronutrient-deficient region of Shaanxi province, Central China.
*An orange-fleshed sweet potato program in Solomon Islands and PNG to raise vitamin A status (funded by ACIAR and HarvestPlus. See www.aciar.gov.au/node/11984 ).
*Preliminary investigation of potential trial sites for a food systems proof-of-concept trial in East Africa (Kenya, Uganda, DR Congo, Rwanda and Burundi), which involved the collection and analysis of plant tissues of important food crops.
*Agronomic biofortification field trials with cassava in Colombia, South America, in collaboration with the International Centre of Tropical Agriculture (CIAT).
*A pig feeding trial to investigate the effect of the carotenoid, lutein on bioavailability of dietary iron.
My other interests include physical fitness, nutrition, classical music, evolution and travel.
Research Interests
*Screening cereals for sodium accumulation and tolerance (sodicity & salinity research)
*Agronomic biofortification of food crops with micronutrients to reduce human and animal malnutrition and disease
*Investigating beneficial effects of selenium in plants
*Establishment and management of international agricultural and health programs. I am currently involved in an ACIAR-funded program: imports & trials of nutritious leafy vegetables for Kiribati & Tuvalu, Pacific Is.
*Epidemiology of chronic diseases
*Development of functional foods
*Development of novel "nutritherapies" for viral diseases and cancer

Connect with me

Dr Graham Lyons

Grew up in Adelaide. Obtained B Agric Sci degree (University of Adelaide) in 1975. Spent 1980-1983 working on an agricultural development program in the Solomon Islands, and 1984-1997 operating a family agribusiness in SA (beef cattle, sheep, cereal crops), including the successful "Glen Bold" Angus stud. In the 1990s co-authored seven books, mostly on global environmental, agricultural, population, economic and health issues.
Obtained Master of Public Health degree (University of Adelaide, majoring in epidemiology and nutrition) in 2000, and a PhD (University of Adelaide, GRDC funded) in 2004. Title: High-selenium wheat: Biofortification for better health. An outcome of this research was the development and marketing of three innovative food products.
My background has formed my focus on applied research which can benefit producers and consumers in a timely manner. In order to overcome widespread nutrient/micronutrient deficiencies, it is necessary to move beyond production of food crops with yield as the sole focus, toward a "food system" paradigm based on sustainable provision of nutritious food to optimise human and animal health.
From 2006-2010 I managed the HarvestPlus Food Systems program (funded by the World Bank, USAID and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation). This program included the following projects:
*Agronomic biofortification, soil fertility and crop variety trials in a micronutrient-deficient region of Shaanxi province, Central China.
*An orange-fleshed sweet potato program in Solomon Islands and PNG to raise vitamin A status (funded by ACIAR and HarvestPlus. See www.aciar.gov.au/node/11984 ).
*Preliminary investigation of potential trial sites for a food systems proof-of-concept trial in East Africa (Kenya, Uganda, DR Congo, Rwanda and Burundi), which involved the collection and analysis of plant tissues of important food crops.
*Agronomic biofortification field trials with cassava in Colombia, South America, in collaboration with the International Centre of Tropical Agriculture (CIAT).
*A pig feeding trial to investigate the effect of the carotenoid, lutein on bioavailability of dietary iron.
My other interests include physical fitness, nutrition, classical music, evolution and travel.
Research Interests
*Screening cereals for sodium accumulation and tolerance (sodicity & salinity research)
*Agronomic biofortification of food crops with micronutrients to reduce human and animal malnutrition and disease
*Investigating beneficial effects of selenium in plants
*Establishment and management of international agricultural and health programs. I am currently involved in an ACIAR-funded program: imports & trials of nutritious leafy vegetables for Kiribati & Tuvalu, Pacific Is.
*Epidemiology of chronic diseases
*Development of functional foods
*Development of novel "nutritherapies" for viral diseases and cancer

Appointments

Date Position Institution name
2004 Research Fellow University of Adelaide

Education

Date Institution name Country Title
2001 - 2004 The University of Adelaide Australia PhD
1998 - 2000 The University of Adelaide Australia Master of Public Health
1972 - 1975 The University of Adelaide Australia Bachelor of Agricultural Science

Research Interests

Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences, Agronomy, Agronomy & Agriculture, Crop and Pasture Biochemistry, Crop and Pasture Biomass, Crop and Pasture Bioproducts, Crop and Pasture Improvement, Crop and Pasture Nutrition, Crop and Pasture Physiology, Crop and Pasture Production, Fertilisers and Agrochemicals, Horticulture, Nutritional Physiology, Pacific Peoples Health, Plant Biology, Plant Physiology, Public Health

Journals

Year Citation
2016 Genc, Y., Oldach, K., Taylor, J. & Lyons, G. (2016). Uncoupling of sodium and chloride to assist breeding for salinity tolerance in crops. New Phytologist, 210, 1, 145-156.
10.1111/nph.13757
2016 Lyons, G. & Genc, Y. (2016). Commercial Humates in Agriculture: Real Substance or Smoke and Mirrors?. Agronomy, 6, 4, 50-50.
10.3390/agronomy6040050
2015 Taylor, M., Kambuou, R., Lyons, G., Hunter, D., Morgan, E., Quartermain, A. ... Tuia, V. (2015). Realizing the potential of indigenous vegetables through improved germplasm information and seed systems. J. Keatinge, R. Srinivasan & M. Mecozzi (Eds.). Acta Horticulturae, 1102, 1102, 29-41.
10.17660/ActaHortic.2015.1102.3
2015 Mao, H., Wang, Z. & Lyons, G. (2015). Germination-enhancing and zinc-sparing roles for selenium in broccoli. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica Section B: Soil and Plant Science, 65, 2, 141-149.
10.1080/09064710.2014.978884
2015 Duxbury, J., Lyons, G. & Bruulsema, T. (2015). Human health depends on soil nutrients. G. Sulewski (Ed.). Better Crops with Plant Food, 99, 1, 7-9.
2015 Lyons, G., Goebel, R., Tikai, P., Stanley, K. & Taylor, M. (2015). Promoting nutritious leafy vegetables in the Pacific and northern Australia. J. Keatinge, R. Srinivasan & M. Mecozzi (Eds.). Acta Horticulturae, 1102, 1102, 253-259.
10.17660/ActaHortic.2015.1102.31
2014 Lyons, G. H. (2014). Vitamin A. "Why weren't we told this long ago?". World Nutrition, 5, 1125-1126.
2014 Mao, H., Wang, J., Wang, Z., Zan, Y., Lyons, G. & Zou, C. (2014). Using agronomic biofortification to boost zinc, selenium, and iodine concentrations of food crops grown on the loess plateau in China. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 14, 2, 459-470.
10.4067/S0718-95162014005000036
2014 Lyons, G. H. (2014). Selenium needed for Ebola treatment?. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development, 14, 7, 1-4.
2014 Arsil, P., Li, E., Bruwer, J. & Lyons, G. (2014). Exploring consumer motivations towards buying local fresh food products a means-end chain approach. British Food Journal, 116, 10, 1533-1549.
10.1108/BFJ-04-2013-0083
2013 Saraswati, P., Soplanit, A., Syahputra, A., Kossay, L., Muid, N., Ginting, E. & Lyons, G. (2013). Yield trial and sensory evaluation of sweetpotato cultivars in Highland Papua and West Papua Indonesia. Journal of Tropical Agriculture, 51, 1-2, 74-83.
2011 Tavakkoli, E., Lyons, G., English, P. & Guppy, C. (2011). Silicon nutrition of rice is affected by soil pH, weathering and silicon fertilisation. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science-Zzeitschrift fur Pflanzenernahrung und Bodenkunde, 174, 3, 437-446.
10.1002/jpln.201000023
2010 Englberger, L., Lyons, G., Foley, W., Daniells, J., Aalbersberg, W., Dolodolotawake, U. ... Taylor, M. (2010). Carotenoid and riboflavin content of banana cultivars from Makira, Solomon Islands. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 23, 6, 624-632.
10.1016/j.jfca.2010.03.002
2010 Lyons, G. (2010). Selenium in cereals: improving the efficiency of agronomic biofortification in the UK. Plant and Soil, 332, 1-2, 1-4.
10.1007/s11104-010-0282-9
2009 Wu, J., Lyons, G., Graham, R. & Fenech, M. (2009). IMPROVED SELENIUM STATUS BY CONSUMPTION OF WHEAT BIOFORTIFIED WITH SELENIUM DOES NOT MODIFY DNA DAMAGE IN HEALTHY AUSTRALIAN MEN. ANNALS OF NUTRITION AND METABOLISM, 55, 376-376.
2009 Wu, J., Salisbury, C., Graham, R., Lyons, G. & Fenech, M. (2009). Increased consumption of wheat biofortified with selenium does not modify biomarkers of cancer risk, oxidative stress, or immune function in healthy Australian males. Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis, 50, 6, 489-501.
10.1002/em.20490
2009 Lyons, G., Genc, Y., Soole, K., Stangoulis, J., Liu, F. & Graham, R. (2009). Selenium increases seed production in Brassica. Plant and Soil, 318, 1-2, 73-80.
10.1007/s11104-008-9818-7
2009 Wu, J., Lyons, G., Graham, R. & Fenech, M. (2009). The effect of selenium, as selenomethionine, on genome stability and cytotoxicity in human lymphocytes measured using the cytokinesis-block micronucleus cytome assay. Mutagenesis, 24, 3, 225-232.
10.1093/mutage/gen074
2008 Kirby, J., Lyons, G. & Karkkainen, M. (2008). Selenium speciation and bioavailability in biofortified products using species-unspecific isotope dilution and reverse phase ion paidng-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 56, 5, 1772-1779.
10.1021/jf073030v
2007 Haug, A., Graham, R., Christophersen, O. & Lyons, G. (2007). How to use the world's scarce selenium resources efficiently to increase the selenium concentration in food. Microbial Ecology in Health & Disease, 19, 4, 209-228.
10.1080/08910600701698986
2007 Dunstan, J., Breckler, L., Hale, J., Lehmann, H., Franklin, P., Lyons, G. ... Prescott, S. (2007). Supplementation with vitamins C, E, β-carotene and selenium has no effect on anti-oxidant status and immune responses in allergic adults: a randomized controlled trial. Clinical and Experimental Allergy, 37, 2, 180-187.
10.1111/j.1365-2222.2007.02657.x
2005 Lyons, G., Stangoulis, J. & Graham, R. (2005). Tolerance of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) to high soil and solution selenium levels. Plant and Soil, 270, 1, 179-188.
10.1007/s11104-004-1390-1
2005 Lyons, G., Judson, G., Ortiz-Monasterio, I., Genc, Y., Stangoulis, J. & Graham, R. (2005). Selenium in Australia: Selenium status and biofortification of wheat for better health. Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology, 19, 1, 75-82.
10.1016/j.jtemb.2005.04.005
2005 Lyons, G., Genc, Y., Stangoulis, J., Palmer, L. & Graham, R. (2005). Selenium distribution in wheat grain, and the effect of postharvest processing on wheat selenium content. Biological Trace Element Research, 103, 2, 155-168.
10.1385/BTER:103:2:155
2005 Lyons, G., Ortiz-Monasterio, I., Stangoulis, J. & Graham, R. (2005). Selenium concentration in wheat grain: Is there sufficient genotypic variation to use in breeding?. Plant and Soil, 269, 1-2, 369-380.
10.1007/s11104-004-0909-9
2005 Genc, Y., Humphries, J., Lyons, G. & Graham, R. (2005). Exploiting genotypic variation in plant nutrient accumulation to alleviate micronutrient deficiency in populations. Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology, 18, 4, 319-324.
10.1016/j.jtemb.2005.02.005
2004 Lyons, G., Stangoulis, J. & Graham, R. (2004). Exploiting micronutrient interaction to optimize biofortification programs: the case for inclusion of selenium and iodine in the HarvestPlus program. Nutrition Reviews, 62, 6, 247-252.
10.1301/nr2004.jun247-252
2004 Lyons, G., Lewis, J., Lorimer, M., Holloway, R., Brace, D., Stangoulis, J. & Graham, R. (2004). High-selenium wheat: agronomic biofortification strategies to improve human nutrition. International Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment, 2, 1, 171-178.
2004 Lyons, G., Judson, G., Stangoulis, J., Palmer, L., Jones, J. & Graham, R. (2004). Trends in selenium status of South Australians. Medical Journal of Australia, 180, 8, 383-386.
2003 Lyons, G., Stangoulis, J. & Graham, R. (2003). High-selenium wheat: biofortification for better health. Nutrition Research Reviews, 16, 1, 45-60.
10.1079/NRR200255
2003 Lyons, G., Stangoulis, J. & Graham, R. (2003). Nutriprevention of disease with high-selenium wheat. Journal of the Australasian College of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine, 22, 3, 3-9.

Book Chapters

Year Citation
2013 Christophersen, O., Lyons, G., Haug, A. & Steinnes, E. (2013). Selenium. In B. Alloway (Ed.), Heavy Metal in Soils: Trace Metals and Metalloids in Soils and their Bioavailability (pp. 429-463). Netherlands: Springer.
10.1007/978-94-007-4470-7_16
2013 Fenech, M., Wu, J., Graham, R. & Lyons, G. (2013). Selenium biofortified wheat. In V. R. Preedy, R. Srirajaskanthan & V. B. Patel (Eds.), Handbook of food fortification and health: from concepts to public health applications (pp. 349-356). Humana Press.
10.1007/978-1-4614-7076-2_27
2009 Genc, Y., Humphries, J., Lyons, G. & Graham, R. (2009). Breeding for quantitative variables. Part 4: Breeding for nutritional quality traits. In Plant breeding and farmer anticipation (pp. 419-448). Food and Agriculture Organization.
2008 Lyons, G., Genc, Y. & Graham, R. (2008). Biofortification in the Food chain and use of Selenium and Phyto-compounds in Risk -reduction and control of Prostrate. In G. S. Banuelos & Z. Q. Lin (Eds.), Development and Uses of Biofortified Agricultural Products (pp. 17-44). USA: CRC Press.

Conference Papers

Year Citation
2016 Ortiz-Monasterio, I., Cárdenas, M. & Lyons, G. (2016). Biofortification of irrigated wheat with se fertilizer: Timing, rate, method and type of wheat.
2016 Mao, H., Lyons, G. & Wang, Z. (2016). Using agronomic biofortification to reduce micronutrient deficiency in food crops on loess soil in China.
2014 Lyons, G., Gondwe, C., Bañuelos, G., Zambrano, M., Haug, A. & Christophersen, O. (2014). Drumming up selenium and sulphur in Africa: Improving nutrition with Moringa oleifera.
2009 Lyons, G. (2009). Production of selenium-biofortified cereal products. International Conference on Selenium in the Environment and Human Health. China.
2009 Wu, J., Lyons, G., Graham, R. & Fenech, M. (2009). Improved selenium status by consumption of wheat biofortified with selenium does not modify DNA. International Conference on Selenium in the Environment and Human Health. China.
2006 Gibson, C., Park, Y., Myoung, K., Suh, M., McArthur, T., Lyons, G. & Stewart, A. (2006). The Bio-fortification of Barley with Selenium. Brewing and distilling : a common heritage. Hobart, Tasmania.

NHMRC Endorsed Guidelines

Year Citation
2006 Baghurst, K., Clifton, P., Fenech, M., Howe, P., Makrides, M., Noakes, M. ... Lyons, G.; (2006); Nutrient Reference Values for Australia and New Zealand Including Recommended Dietary Intakes;

Theses

Year Citation
2010 Wu, J.; (2010); The effects of selenomethionine and wheat fortified with selenium on DNA damage and cell death in human lymphocytes;

Memberships

Date Role Membership Country
2014 - ongoing Member World Public health Nutrition Association
1997 - ongoing Member Australian Centre for Nutritional and Environmental Medicine Australia

Committee Memberships

Date Role Committee Institution Country
2011 - ongoing Advisory Board Member International Society for Selenium Research United States
Position
Research Associate
Phone
83136533
Fax
8313 7109
Campus
Waite
Building
Waite Building
Room Number
LG 11
Org Unit
School of Agriculture, Food and Wine

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