Dr Graham Lyons
Grew up in Adelaide. Obtained B Agric Sci degree (University of Adelaide) in 1975. Spent 1980-1983 working on an agricultural development program in the Solomon Islands, and 1984-1997 operating a family agribusiness in SA (beef cattle, sheep, cereal crops), including the successful "Glen Bold" Angus stud. In the 1990s co-authored seven books, mostly on global environmental, agricultural, population, economic and health issues.
Obtained Master of Public Health degree (University of Adelaide, majoring in epidemiology and nutrition) in 2000, and a PhD (University of Adelaide, GRDC funded) in 2004. Title: High-selenium wheat: Biofortification for better health. An outcome of this research was the development and marketing of three innovative food products.
My background has formed my focus on applied research which can benefit producers and consumers in a timely manner. In order to overcome widespread nutrient/micronutrient deficiencies, it is necessary to move beyond production of food crops with yield as the sole focus, toward a "food system" paradigm based on sustainable provision of nutritious food to optimise human and animal health.
From 2006-2010 I managed the HarvestPlus Food Systems program (funded by the World Bank, USAID and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation). This program included the following projects:
*Agronomic biofortification, soil fertility and crop variety trials in a micronutrient-deficient region of Shaanxi province, Central China.
*An orange-fleshed sweet potato program in Solomon Islands and PNG to raise vitamin A status (funded by ACIAR and HarvestPlus. See www.aciar.gov.au/node/11984 ).
*Preliminary investigation of potential trial sites for a food systems proof-of-concept trial in East Africa (Kenya, Uganda, DR Congo, Rwanda and Burundi), which involved the collection and analysis of plant tissues of important food crops.
*Agronomic biofortification field trials with cassava in Colombia, South America, in collaboration with the International Centre of Tropical Agriculture (CIAT).
*A pig feeding trial to investigate the effect of the carotenoid, lutein on bioavailability of dietary iron.
My other interests include physical fitness, nutrition, classical music, evolution and travel.
*Screening cereals for sodium accumulation and tolerance (sodicity & salinity research)
*Agronomic biofortification of food crops with micronutrients to reduce human and animal malnutrition and disease
*Investigating beneficial effects of selenium in plants
*Establishment and management of international agricultural and health programs. I am currently involved in an ACIAR-funded program: imports & trials of nutritious leafy vegetables for Kiribati & Tuvalu, Pacific Is.
*Epidemiology of chronic diseases
*Development of functional foods
*Development of novel "nutritherapies" for viral diseases and cancer
|2004||Research Fellow||University of Adelaide|
|2001 - 2004||The University of Adelaide||Australia||PhD|
|1998 - 2000||The University of Adelaide||Australia||Master of Public Health|
|1972 - 1975||The University of Adelaide||Australia||Bachelor of Agricultural Science|
|2016||Genc, Y., Oldach, K., Taylor, J. & Lyons, G. (2016). Uncoupling of sodium and chloride to assist breeding for salinity tolerance in crops. New Phytologist, 210, 1, 145-156.
|2016||Lyons, G. & Genc, Y. (2016). Commercial Humates in Agriculture: Real Substance or Smoke and Mirrors?. Agronomy, 6, 4, 50-50.
|2015||Taylor, M., Kambuou, R., Lyons, G., Hunter, D., Morgan, E., Quartermain, A. ... Tuia, V. (2015). Realizing the potential of indigenous vegetables through improved germplasm information and seed systems. J. Keatinge, R. Srinivasan & M. Mecozzi (Eds.). Acta Horticulturae, 1102, 1102, 29-41.
|2015||Mao, H., Wang, Z. & Lyons, G. (2015). Germination-enhancing and zinc-sparing roles for selenium in broccoli. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica Section B: Soil and Plant Science, 65, 2, 141-149.
|2015||Duxbury, J., Lyons, G. & Bruulsema, T. (2015). Human health depends on soil nutrients. G. Sulewski (Ed.). Better Crops with Plant Food, 99, 1, 7-9.|
|2015||Lyons, G., Goebel, R., Tikai, P., Stanley, K. & Taylor, M. (2015). Promoting nutritious leafy vegetables in the Pacific and northern Australia. J. Keatinge, R. Srinivasan & M. Mecozzi (Eds.). Acta Horticulturae, 1102, 1102, 253-259.
|2014||Lyons, G. H. (2014). Vitamin A. "Why weren't we told this long ago?". World Nutrition, 5, 1125-1126.|
|2014||Mao, H., Wang, J., Wang, Z., Zan, Y., Lyons, G. & Zou, C. (2014). Using agronomic biofortification to boost zinc, selenium, and iodine concentrations of food crops grown on the loess plateau in China. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 14, 2, 459-470.
|2014||Lyons, G. H. (2014). Selenium needed for Ebola treatment?. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development, 14, 7, 1-4.|
|2014||Arsil, P., Li, E., Bruwer, J. & Lyons, G. (2014). Exploring consumer motivations towards buying local fresh food products a means-end chain approach. British Food Journal, 116, 10, 1533-1549.
|2013||Saraswati, P., Soplanit, A., Syahputra, A., Kossay, L., Muid, N., Ginting, E. & Lyons, G. (2013). Yield trial and sensory evaluation of sweetpotato cultivars in Highland Papua and West Papua Indonesia. Journal of Tropical Agriculture, 51, 1-2, 74-83.|
|2011||Tavakkoli, E., Lyons, G., English, P. & Guppy, C. (2011). Silicon nutrition of rice is affected by soil pH, weathering and silicon fertilisation. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science-Zzeitschrift fur Pflanzenernahrung und Bodenkunde, 174, 3, 437-446.
|2010||Englberger, L., Lyons, G., Foley, W., Daniells, J., Aalbersberg, W., Dolodolotawake, U. ... Taylor, M. (2010). Carotenoid and riboflavin content of banana cultivars from Makira, Solomon Islands. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 23, 6, 624-632.
|2010||Lyons, G. (2010). Selenium in cereals: improving the efficiency of agronomic biofortification in the UK. Plant and Soil, 332, 1-2, 1-4.
|2009||Wu, J., Lyons, G., Graham, R. & Fenech, M. (2009). IMPROVED SELENIUM STATUS BY CONSUMPTION OF WHEAT BIOFORTIFIED WITH SELENIUM DOES NOT MODIFY DNA DAMAGE IN HEALTHY AUSTRALIAN MEN. ANNALS OF NUTRITION AND METABOLISM, 55, 376-376.|
|2009||Wu, J., Salisbury, C., Graham, R., Lyons, G. & Fenech, M. (2009). Increased consumption of wheat biofortified with selenium does not modify biomarkers of cancer risk, oxidative stress, or immune function in healthy Australian males. Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis, 50, 6, 489-501.
|2009||Lyons, G., Genc, Y., Soole, K., Stangoulis, J., Liu, F. & Graham, R. (2009). Selenium increases seed production in Brassica. Plant and Soil, 318, 1-2, 73-80.
|2009||Wu, J., Lyons, G., Graham, R. & Fenech, M. (2009). The effect of selenium, as selenomethionine, on genome stability and cytotoxicity in human lymphocytes measured using the cytokinesis-block micronucleus cytome assay. Mutagenesis, 24, 3, 225-232.
|2008||Kirby, J., Lyons, G. & Karkkainen, M. (2008). Selenium speciation and bioavailability in biofortified products using species-unspecific isotope dilution and reverse phase ion paidng-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 56, 5, 1772-1779.
|2007||Haug, A., Graham, R., Christophersen, O. & Lyons, G. (2007). How to use the world's scarce selenium resources efficiently to increase the selenium concentration in food. Microbial Ecology in Health & Disease, 19, 4, 209-228.
|2007||Dunstan, J., Breckler, L., Hale, J., Lehmann, H., Franklin, P., Lyons, G. ... Prescott, S. (2007). Supplementation with vitamins C, E, β-carotene and selenium has no effect on anti-oxidant status and immune responses in allergic adults: a randomized controlled trial. Clinical and Experimental Allergy, 37, 2, 180-187.
|2005||Lyons, G., Stangoulis, J. & Graham, R. (2005). Tolerance of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) to high soil and solution selenium levels. Plant and Soil, 270, 1, 179-188.
|2005||Lyons, G., Judson, G., Ortiz-Monasterio, I., Genc, Y., Stangoulis, J. & Graham, R. (2005). Selenium in Australia: Selenium status and biofortification of wheat for better health. Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology, 19, 1, 75-82.
|2005||Lyons, G., Genc, Y., Stangoulis, J., Palmer, L. & Graham, R. (2005). Selenium distribution in wheat grain, and the effect of postharvest processing on wheat selenium content. Biological Trace Element Research, 103, 2, 155-168.
|2005||Lyons, G., Ortiz-Monasterio, I., Stangoulis, J. & Graham, R. (2005). Selenium concentration in wheat grain: Is there sufficient genotypic variation to use in breeding?. Plant and Soil, 269, 1-2, 369-380.
|2005||Genc, Y., Humphries, J., Lyons, G. & Graham, R. (2005). Exploiting genotypic variation in plant nutrient accumulation to alleviate micronutrient deficiency in populations. Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology, 18, 4, 319-324.
|2004||Lyons, G., Stangoulis, J. & Graham, R. (2004). Exploiting micronutrient interaction to optimize biofortification programs: the case for inclusion of selenium and iodine in the HarvestPlus program. Nutrition Reviews, 62, 6, 247-252.
|2004||Lyons, G., Lewis, J., Lorimer, M., Holloway, R., Brace, D., Stangoulis, J. & Graham, R. (2004). High-selenium wheat: agronomic biofortification strategies to improve human nutrition. International Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment, 2, 1, 171-178.|
|2004||Lyons, G., Judson, G., Stangoulis, J., Palmer, L., Jones, J. & Graham, R. (2004). Trends in selenium status of South Australians. Medical Journal of Australia, 180, 8, 383-386.|
|2003||Lyons, G., Stangoulis, J. & Graham, R. (2003). High-selenium wheat: biofortification for better health. Nutrition Research Reviews, 16, 1, 45-60.
|2003||Lyons, G., Stangoulis, J. & Graham, R. (2003). Nutriprevention of disease with high-selenium wheat. Journal of the Australasian College of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine, 22, 3, 3-9.|
|2013||Christophersen, O., Lyons, G., Haug, A. & Steinnes, E. (2013). Selenium. In B. Alloway (Ed.), Heavy Metal in Soils: Trace Metals and Metalloids in Soils and their Bioavailability (pp. 429-463). Netherlands: Springer.
|2013||Fenech, M., Wu, J., Graham, R. & Lyons, G. (2013). Selenium biofortified wheat. In V. R. Preedy, R. Srirajaskanthan & V. B. Patel (Eds.), Handbook of food fortification and health: from concepts to public health applications (pp. 349-356). Humana Press.
|2009||Genc, Y., Humphries, J., Lyons, G. & Graham, R. (2009). Breeding for quantitative variables. Part 4: Breeding for nutritional quality traits. In Plant breeding and farmer anticipation (pp. 419-448). Food and Agriculture Organization.|
|2008||Lyons, G., Genc, Y. & Graham, R. (2008). Biofortification in the Food chain and use of Selenium and Phyto-compounds in Risk -reduction and control of Prostrate. In G. S. Banuelos & Z. Q. Lin (Eds.), Development and Uses of Biofortified Agricultural Products (pp. 17-44). USA: CRC Press.|
|2016||Ortiz-Monasterio, I., Cárdenas, M. & Lyons, G. (2016). Biofortification of irrigated wheat with se fertilizer: Timing, rate, method and type of wheat.|
|2016||Mao, H., Lyons, G. & Wang, Z. (2016). Using agronomic biofortification to reduce micronutrient deficiency in food crops on loess soil in China.|
|2014||Lyons, G., Gondwe, C., Bañuelos, G., Zambrano, M., Haug, A. & Christophersen, O. (2014). Drumming up selenium and sulphur in Africa: Improving nutrition with Moringa oleifera.|
|2009||Lyons, G. (2009). Production of selenium-biofortified cereal products. International Conference on Selenium in the Environment and Human Health. China.|
|2009||Wu, J., Lyons, G., Graham, R. & Fenech, M. (2009). Improved selenium status by consumption of wheat biofortified with selenium does not modify DNA. International Conference on Selenium in the Environment and Human Health. China.|
|2006||Gibson, C., Park, Y., Myoung, K., Suh, M., McArthur, T., Lyons, G. & Stewart, A. (2006). The Bio-fortification of Barley with Selenium. Brewing and distilling : a common heritage. Hobart, Tasmania.|
|2006||Baghurst, K., Clifton, P., Fenech, M., Howe, P., Makrides, M., Noakes, M. ... Lyons, G.; (2006); Nutrient Reference Values for Australia and New Zealand Including Recommended Dietary Intakes;|
|2010||Wu, J.; (2010); The effects of selenomethionine and wheat fortified with selenium on DNA damage and cell death in human lymphocytes;|
|2014 - ongoing||Member||World Public health Nutrition Association|
|1997 - ongoing||Member||Australian Centre for Nutritional and Environmental Medicine||Australia|
|2011 - ongoing||Advisory Board Member||International Society for Selenium Research||United States|