Dale Stephens

Professor Dale Stephens

Professor

Adelaide Law School

Faculty of the Professions

Eligible to supervise Masters and PhD - email supervisor to discuss availability.


International Law, Law of Armed Conflict, Use of Force, International Space Law, Law of the Sea and Naval Operations, National Security Law.

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  • Appointments

    Date Position Institution name
    2017 Professor The University of Adelaide
    2013 - 2016 Associate Professor The University of Adelaide
    2013 Captain Royal Australian Navy (Reserve)
    2010 - 2013 Senior Lecturer (Adjunct) The University of Adelaide
    1989 - 2013 Lieutenant, Lieutenant Commander, Commander, Captain Royal Australian Navy (Permanent)
  • Awards and Achievements

    Date Type Title Institution Name Country Amount
    2021 Award Red Cross Distinguished Service Award Australian Red Cross Australia
    2019 Fellowship Fellow Australian Academy of Law Australia
    2016 Teaching Award Executive Dean's Award for Excellence in Teaching Adelaide University
    2016 Teaching Award Distinguished Practice in Teaching Adelaide University
    2009 Award Bronze Star U.S. Government United States
    2004 Award Meritorious Service Medal U.S. Navy United States
    2003 Award Conspicuous Service Medal Australian Government Australia
    2002 Award Maritime Commander Commendation Royal Australian Navy Australia
    2001 Award Commendation United Nations Australia
  • Education

    Date Institution name Country Title
    2009 - 2014 Harvard University United States SJD
    2003 - 2004 Harvard University United States LL.M
    1997 - 2003 University of Melbourne Australia LL.M
    1989 - 1989 University of South Australia Australia GDLP
    1985 - 1988 University of Adelaide Australia LL.B (Hons)
    1982 - 1984 Flinders University Australia B.A.
  • Certifications

    Date Title Institution name Country
    2011 Commonwealth Basic Procurement Course Australian Government, Canberra Australia
    1997 NBCD Course Australian Government, Canberra Australia
    1997 Austeyr F88 Conversion Course Australian Defence Force Australia
    1990 RAN Swimming Test Australian Government, Canberra Australia
  • Research Interests

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  • Journals

    Year Citation
    2021 RPS Submitter, A. L. S., & Stephens, D. (2021). Influence Operations and International Law.
    2021 Stephens, D., & Blake, L. (2021). Good fences make good (space) neighbours. Griffith Journal of Law and Human Dignity, 8(2), 212-236.
    2021 Stephens, D. (2021). 'Ensuring Respect and Targeting' in Eve Massingham and Annabel McConachie (Eds) Ensuring Respect for International Humanitarian Law (Routledge, 2021).. U. of Adelaide Law Research Paper, (2021).
    2020 Stephens, D., & Stubbs, M. (2020). 'Professor Ivan Shearer AM RFD FAAL RAN (Rtd) 1938 - 2019' (2019) 40(2) Adelaide Law Review 389-92.. U. of Adelaide Law Research Paper, (2020).
    2020 Stephens, D., & Stubbs, M. (2020). Naval Warfare Zones: Immediate Area of Naval Operations and Maritime Exclusion Zones.
    2020 Stephens, D. G. (2020). Legal regulation of military activities in space. Law Society Bulletin, 42(3), 6-7.
    2020 Stephens, D., & Crawford, E. (2020). Emerging Technologies and Areas of Operations in Cyber and Outer Space by Professor Dale Stephens and Emily Crawford.
    2020 Stephens, D. (2020). International Criminal Law and the ADF by Professor Dale Stephens and Mark Giddings. U. of Adelaide Law Research Paper, (2020).
    2019 Stephens, D. (2019). Book Review: Redefining the Modern Military - The Intersection of Profession and Ethics. Adelaide Law Review, 40(3), 911-914.
    2019 Stephens, D. G., & Stubbs, M. (2019). Professor Ivan Shearer AM RFD FAAL RAN (Rtd) 1938-2019. Adelaide Law Review, 40(2), 389-392.
    2019 Stephens, D., & Stubbs, M. (2019). Law, war, ethics and conscience: An enduring conundrum. Adelaide Law Review, 40(2), 419-426.
    2019 de Zwart, M., & Stephens, D. (2019). The Space (Innovation) Race: The Inevitable Relationship between Military Technology and Innovation. Melbourne Journal of International Law, 20(1), 1-28.
    2019 Stephens, D. G. (2019). Roots of Restraint in War: The Capacities and Limits of Law and the Critical Role of Social Agency in Ameliorating Violence in Armed Conflict. Journal of International Humanitarian Legal Studies, 10(1), 1-18.
    DOI Scopus4
    2018 Stephens, D. (2018). War Crimes: Increasing Compliance with International Humanitarian Law through International Criminal Law? Authors: Dale Stephens and Thomas Wooden.
    2018 Stephens, D. (2018). The international legal implications of military space operations: examining the interplay between international humanitarian law and the outer space regime. International Law Studies, 94, 75-101.
    2018 Stephens, D. (2018). Law and War in Outer Space. RUMLAE Research Paper, (18).
    2017 Babie, P. T., & Stephens, D. (2017). Seeing Further Over the Horizon: A World of Limitless Possibilities. U. of Adelaide Law Research Paper, (2017).
    2017 Stephens, D. (2017). Autonomous weapon systems, the Law of Armed Conflict and the exercise of responsible judgment. Pandora's Box, 24(2019), 1-13.
    2017 de Zwart, M., & Stephens, D. (2017). Non-Military Space Testing in the Woomera Prohibited Area: Opportunities for the Australian Space industry. Federal Law Review, 45(1), 39-64.
    2017 Stubbs, M., & Stephens, D. (2017). Dredge Your Way to China? The Legal Significance of Chinese Reclamation and Construction in the South China Sea. Asia-Pacific Journal of Ocean Law and Policy, 2, 25-51.
    2016 Petrovic, J., Stephens, D., & Nastevski, V. (2016). To arrest or not arrest the incumbent head of state: the Bashir case and the interplay between law and politics. Monash University Law Review, 42(3), 740-782.
    2016 Stephens, D. (2016). Naval power in the Indian Ocean: rising tension, maritime governance and the role of law. Adelaide Law Review, 37(2), 307-324.
    2015 Stephens, D., & Steer, C. (2015). Conflicts in space: International humanitarian law and its application to space warfare. McGill Annals of Air and Space Law, 40, 1-33.
    2015 Stephens, D. (2015). The age of the manual - The impact of the manual on international law applicable to air and missile warfare. Israel Yearbook of Human Rights, 45, 19-36.
    2015 Stephens, D. (2015). Behaviour in war: the place of law, moral inquiry and self-identity. International Review of the Red Cross, 96(895-896), 751-773.
    DOI Scopus7 WoS5
    2015 Stephens, D., & Steer, C. (2015). Conflicts in Space: International Humanitarian Law and its Application to Space Warfare. U. of Adelaide Law Research Paper, (2016).
    2013 Stephens, D. (2013). International Law: Cases and Materials with Australian Perspectives Donald R Rothwell, Stuart Kaye, Afshin Akhtarkhavari, Ruth Davis (eds) (Cambridge University Press, Port Melbourne, 2011, 719pp). Australian Yearbook of International law, 31, 128-131.
    2010 Stephens, D. G. (2010). International law on peacekeeping - A study of article 40 of the UN charter. Hitoshi Nasu. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Leiden, 2009 (322pp). Australian Yearbook of International Law, 29, 234-237.
    2010 Stephens, D. (2010). Military involvement in law enforcement. International Review of the Red Cross, 92(878), 453-468.
    DOI Scopus6
    2010 Stephens, D. G., & Gruber, S. (2010). Cooperation, friction, and safeguarding: Australia and Indonesia's security relationship. Harvard Asia Pacific Review, 11(1), 35-39.
    2009 Stephens, D. (2009). Blurring the lines: The interpretation, discourse and application of the law of armed conflict. Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, 12, 85-118.
    DOI Scopus2
    2007 Bronitt, S. H., & Stephens, D. (2007). 'Flying Under the Radar'. The Use of Lethal Force Against Hijacked Aircraft: Recent Australian Developments.
    2006 Stephens, D., & Lewis, A. (2006). The targeting of civilian contractors in armed conflict. Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, 9, 25-64.
    DOI Scopus2
    2005 Stephens, D. (2005). The lawful use of force by peacekeeping forces: The tactical imperative. International Peacekeeping, 12(2), 157-172.
    DOI Scopus13
  • Books

    Year Citation
    2019 Creyke, R., Stephens, D., & Sutherland, P. (Eds.) (2019). Military Law in Australia. Alexandria, NSW; Australia: Federation Press.
    2019 Stephens, D., & Stubbs, M. (2019). Law of Naval Warfare. Chatswood, NSW; Australia: LexisNexis Butterworths.
    2016 Stephens, D., & Babie, P. (Eds.) (2016). Imagining law: Essays in conversation with Judith Gardam. Adelaide: Adelaide University Press.
    DOI
    2013 Program on Humanitarian Policy and Conflict Research at Harvard University. (2013). HPCR Manual on International Law Applicable to Air and Missile Warfare. Cambridge University Press.
  • Book Chapters

    Year Citation
    2021 Stephens, D. G. (2021). Ensuring respect and targeting. In E. Massingham, & A. McConachie (Eds.), Ensuring Respect for International Humanitarian Law (pp. 100-114). Abingdon, Oxon; United Kingdom: Routledge.
    DOI
    2021 Steer, C., & Stephens, D. (2021). International humanitarian law and its application in outer space. In War and Peace in Outer Space: Law, Policy, and Ethics (pp. 23-68). Oxford University Press.
    DOI
    2020 Stephens, D. G. (2020). Combined exercises and International Humanitarian Law training: Fostering a culture of norm compliance?. In S. Linton, T. McCormack, & S. Sivakumaran (Eds.), Asia-Pacific Perspectives on International Humanitarian Law (pp. 670-687). Cambridge; United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.
    DOI Scopus1
    2020 Stephens, D., & Quadrio, T. (2020). 'Do As I Do, Not As I Say' - Navigational freedom and the Law of the Sea Convention. In D. R. Rothwell, & D. Letts (Eds.), Law of the Sea in South East Asia: Environmental, Navigational and Security Challenges (pp. 163-179). Abingdon, Oxon; United Kingdom: Routledge.
    DOI
    2019 McConachie, V., & Henderson, S. (2019). Intelligence Collection in Naval Armed Conflicts. In D. Stephens, & M. Stubbs (Eds.), The Law of Naval Warfare (pp. 161-174). NSW; Australia: LexisNexis.
    2019 Stephens, D. (2019). Introduction to Part IV: Operations Law. In R. Creyke, D. Stephens, & P. Sutherland (Eds.), Military Law in Australia (pp. 158-160). Alexandria, NSW; Australia: Federation Press.
    2019 Stephens, D., & Giddings, M. (2019). International Criminal Law and the ADF. In R. Creyke, D. Stephens, & P. Sutherland (Eds.), Military Law in Australia (pp. 181-189). Alexandria, NSW; Australia: Federation Press.
    2019 Stephens, D., & Crawford, E. (2019). Emerging Technologies and Areas of Operations in Cyber and Outer Space. In R. Creyke, D. Stephens, & P. Sutherland (Eds.), Military Law in Australia (pp. 211-218). Alexandria, NSW; Australia: Federation Press.
    2019 Stephens, D., & Stubbs, M. (2019). The Law of Naval Warfare - Timeless Rules, Modern Challenges. In D. Stephens, & M. Stubbs (Eds.), The Law of Naval Warfare (pp. 1-10). NSW; Australia: LexisNexis Butterworths.
    2019 Stephens, D., & Stubbs, M. (2019). The Law of Naval Warfare - Timeless Rules, Modern Challenges. In D. Stephens, & M. Stubbs (Eds.), The Law of Naval Warfare (pp. 1-10). NSW; Australia: LexisNexis Butterworths.
    2019 Stephens, D. (2019). The Reconciliation of Legal Regimes in the Conduct of Naval Warfare. In D. Stephens, & M. Stubbs (Eds.), The Law of Naval Warfare (pp. 27-39). NSW; Australia: LexisNexis.
    2019 Stephens, D., & Stubbs, M. (2019). Naval Warfare Zones: Immediate Area of Naval Operations and Maritime Exclusion Zones. In D. Stephens, & M. Stubbs (Eds.), The Law of Naval Warfare (pp. 127-142). NSW; Australia: LexisNexis.
    2019 Stephens, D., & Stubbs, M. (2019). Naval Warfare Zones: Immediate Area of Naval Operations and Maritime Exclusion Zones. In D. Stephens, & M. Stubbs (Eds.), The Law of Naval Warfare (pp. 127-142). NSW; Australia: LexisNexis.
    2019 Stephens, D., & Stubbs, M. (2019). The Woomera Manual: Clarifying the Law of Military Space Operations to Promote Sustainable Uses of Outer Space. In M. Spencer (Ed.), Project Asteria 2019: Space Debris, Space Traffic Management and Space Sustainability (pp. 109-124). Air Power Development Centre.
    2018 Stephens, D., & Wooden, T. (2018). War crimes: increasing compliance with international humanitarian law through international criminal law?. In P. Kastner (Ed.), International Criminal Law in Context (pp. 109-129). London: Routledge.
    2017 Stephens, D. (2017). Increasing militarization of space and normative responses. In R. Venkata Rao, V. Gopalkrishnan, & K. Abhijeet (Eds.), Recent developments in Space Law: Opportunities & challenges (pp. 91-106). Singapore: Springer.
    DOI
    2016 Stephens, D. (2016). Accountability for violations of the Law of Armed Conflict and the question of the efficacy of International Criminal Law in ameliorating violence in armed conflict. In J. Petrovic (Ed.), Accountability for Violations of International Humanitarian Law: Essays in Honour of Tim McCormack (pp. 177-197). Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.
    DOI
    2016 Stephens, D. (2016). The role of courts and tribunals in maritime regulation and enforcement. In R. Warner, & S. Kaye (Eds.), Routledge Handbook of Maritime Regulation and Enforcement (pp. 122-136). Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.
    DOI
    2016 Stephens, D., & Babie, P. (2016). Introduction: seeing further over the horizon - A world of limitless possibilities. In P. Babie, & D. Stephens (Eds.), Imagining Law: Essays in Conversation with Judith Gardam (pp. 1-10). Adelaide: University of Adelaide Press.
    DOI
    2016 Stephens, D., & Babie, P. (2016). Introduction: seeing further over the horizon - A world of limitless possibilities. In P. Babie, & D. Stephens (Eds.), Imagining Law: Essays in Conversation with Judith Gardam (pp. 1-10). Adelaide: University of Adelaide Press.
    DOI
    2016 Bradbrook, A. J. (2016). Energy and law - Searching for new directions. In D. Stephens, & P. Babie (Eds.), Imagining Law: Essays in Conversation with Judith Gardam (pp. 13-33). Adelaide, South Australia: University of Adelaide Press.
    DOI
    2016 Stubbs, M. T. (2016). Human rights obligations as a collateral limit on the powers of the Security Council. In D. Stephens, & P. Babie (Eds.), Imagining Law: Essays in Conversation with Judith Gardam (1 ed., pp. 61-99). Adelaide, South Australia: University of Adelaide Press.
    DOI
    2016 Grenfell, L. A. (2016). Women's role in reconstituting the post-conflict state. In P. Babie, & D. Stephens (Eds.), Imagining Law: Essays in Conversation with Judith Gardam (1 ed., pp. 219-242). Adelaide, South Australia: University of Adelaide Press.
    DOI
    2016 Naffin, N. M. (2016). Law under the influence of religion: The limiting of birth and death decisions. In D. Stephens, & P. Babie (Eds.), Imagining Law: Essays in Conversation with Judith Gardam (pp. 243-260). Adelaide: University of Adelaide Press.
    DOI
    2016 La Forgia, R. F. (2016). Given the freedom to ask anything, what questions ought the international legal scholar explore?: Using Gardam’s 'alien' to examine this question. In P. Babie, & D. Stephens (Eds.), Imagining Law: Essays in Conversation with Judith Gardam (1 ed., pp. 263-278). Adelaide, South Australia: University of Adelaide Press.
    DOI
    2016 Stephens, D., Mclaughin, R., & Muggleton, P. (2016). The ADF and military operations. In D. Rothwell, & E. Crawford (Eds.), International Law in Australia (3 ed., pp. 291-316). Pyrmont, NSW: Thomas Reuters.
    2014 Gardam, J., & Stephens, D. (2014). Concluding remarks: establishing common ground between feminism and the military. In G. Heathcote, & D. Otto (Eds.), Rethinking peacekeeping, gender equality and collective security (1 ed., pp. 265-279). United Kingdom: Palgrave Macmillan.
    DOI
    2014 McLaughlin, R., & Stephens, D. (2014). International humanitarian law in the maritime context: conflict characterization in judicial and quasi-judicial contexts. In D. Jinks, J. Maogoto, & S. Solomon (Eds.), Applying international humanitarian law in judicial and quasi-judicial bodies: International and domestic aspects (1 ed., pp. 103-132). The Hague: Springer.
    DOI
    2011 Stephens, D. (2011). The age of lawfare. In R. Pedrozo, & D. Wollschlaeger (Eds.), International Law and the Changing Character of War (pp. 327-357). US Naval War College.
    2010 Stephens, D. G. (2010). Counterinsurgency and stability operations: a new approach to legal Interpretation. In R. Pedrozo (Ed.), The War in Iraq: A Legal Analysis (Vol. 86, pp. 289-321). Newport Rhode Island USA: US Naval War College.
  • Conference Papers

    Year Citation
    2017 Stephens, D., & De Zwart, M. (2017). The Manual of International Law Applicable to Military Uses of Outer Space. In Proceedings of the 68th International Astronautical Congress Vol. 19 (pp. 37108-1-37108-7). Adelaide, South Australia.
  • Live Performance of Creative Works

    Year Citation
    2015 Stephens, D. G. (2015). Research 21 Public Lecture - Autonomous Weapons and the Role of Law (No. Of Pieces: 40 minutes) [Performance]. Adelaide University Web Site.
  • Working Paper

    Year Citation
    2016 Stephens, D. (2016). Naval Power in the Indian Ocean: 21st Century Opportunities and Challenges: Maritime Governance and the Indian Ocean.
    2012 Stephens, D. G. (2012). The Accommodation, disjunction and felt experience of law in military operations. ANU Centre for International Governance and Justice.
  • Internet Publications

    Year Citation
    2017 Stephens, D. G., & Gutman, T. (2017). Destruction of Mosul's Great Mosque Holds a Heritage Lesson for Australia.

March 2020 - A$50,000 - Department of Defence (Cth) Grant for Influence Operations Research project. 

Dec 2016 - $A120,000 - Department of Defence (Cth) Grant for Space Military Activities and Law Project. 

April 2016 - $CA190,450 - Co-Investigator on Category 1 Partnership Development Grant Application for the MILAMOS project from the Canadian Social Sciences & Humanities Research Council (SSHRC).

Dec 2015 - $2000 - Cat 1 Support Funding (Faculty)

Dec 2014 - $10,000 - Cluster Evolution Grant (Faculty)

Dec 2007 (start date 2008) - $220,593 over three years ARC Linkage: LP 0882300, 'Australia's War Crimes Trials Law Report Series'  PI Dale Stephens.

International law, Law of Armed Conflict, International Criminal law, Law of the Sea, National Security Law.

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  • Current Higher Degree by Research Supervision (University of Adelaide)

    Date Role Research Topic Program Degree Type Student Load Student Name
    2021 Principal Supervisor How long the shadow? Command and superior responsibility for war crimes in Australian law. Doctor of Philosophy Doctorate Full Time Mr Glenn Raymond Kolomeitz
    2020 Principal Supervisor Law of the sea is an inspiration by analogy to the development of space law. Doctor of Philosophy Doctorate Part Time Mrs Tracy Lynn Reynolds
    2020 Principal Supervisor Countering Influence Operations - International and Domestic Law Remedies Doctor of Philosophy Doctorate Full Time Mr Samuel White
    2019 Principal Supervisor Best Practices in Leveraging the AI Commercial Sector for US / Australia Defence Doctor of Philosophy Doctorate Full Time APrf Andrew Scott Bowne
    2017 Principal Supervisor Reconciling conflicts in the application of disparate and fragmented International legal regimes to military uses outer space Doctor of Philosophy Doctorate Part Time Mr Duncan Blake
  • Past Higher Degree by Research Supervision (University of Adelaide)

    Date Role Research Topic Program Degree Type Student Load Student Name
    2014 - 2017 Principal Supervisor Petulant and Contrary: Approaches by the Permanent Five Members of the Security Council to the Concept of 'Threat to the Peace' under Article 39 of the UN Charter Doctor of Philosophy Doctorate Full Time Ms Tamsin Phillipa Paige
    2013 - 2018 Co-Supervisor Permission to Intercede or Sovereignty Supreme?: The Influence of R2P on Non-Forceful Responses to Atrocity Crimes Doctor of Philosophy Doctorate Part Time Dr Stacey Henderson
    2011 - 2014 Co-Supervisor A Proposal for the Implementation of Human Rights Treaty Obligations in Armed Conflict Doctor of Philosophy Doctorate Full Time Miss Samaneh Hassanli
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  • Board Memberships

    Date Role Board name Institution name Country
    2021 - ongoing Chair Woomera Manual Governance Board University of Adelaide Australia
    2015 - ongoing Director Research Unit on Military Law and Ethics (RUMLAE) Adelaide University Australia
    2012 - ongoing Board Member Woodcroft College Council Woodcroft College Australia
    2012 - ongoing Chair SA Red Cross IHL Committee Australian Red Cross Australia
  • Committee Memberships

    Date Role Committee Institution Country
    2013 - ongoing Chair SA Red Cross IHL Committee Red Cross Australia
  • Memberships

    Date Role Membership Country
    2019 - ongoing Member Australian Academy of Law Australia
  • Editorial Boards

    Date Role Editorial Board Name Institution Country
    2018 - ongoing Editor The Woomera Manual on the International Law of Military Space Operations Adelaide University, Exeter University, Nebraska University, UNSW (Canberra) Australia
    2009 - ongoing Board Member Australian Yearbook of International Law Australia
  • Offices Held

    Date Office Name Institution Country
    2013 - ongoing Head SA/NT/Northern WA Navy Legal Panel Royal Australian Navy Australia
  • Position: Professor
  • Phone: 83135937
  • Email: dale.stephens@adelaide.edu.au
  • Fax: 8313 4344
  • Campus: North Terrace
  • Building: Ligertwood, floor 2
  • Room: 2 17
  • Org Unit: Adelaide Law School

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