Dr Cesca McInerney
Dr. McInerney examines how climate change influenced terrestrial ecosystems in the geologic past by analyzing the chemical signatures of fossilized plants.
Dr. McInerney’s research focuses on reading isotopic signatures from the rock record to understand the influence of past climate change on ancient ecosystems. She is interested in how plant communities and terrestrial biogeochemical cycles reacted to periods of global warming in the geologic past as a potential analogue to future climate change impacts.
Specifically, she analyzes the stable isotopic composition of fossilized plants and their preserved leaf waxes to reconstruct past climates and ecosystems. These leaf waxes are essentially molecular fossils that can retain information for millions of years about the plants that made them and the environments they lived in. In order to interpret these ancient chemical signatures, McInerney also studies modern plants and soils as a means of calibrating the isotopic tools she applies to the geologic record.
Current projects include:
• Palaeohydrology of the Palaeocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum in the Bighorn Basin, Wyoming
• Palaeoecology of the Miocene of Ethiopia
• Isotopic and chemical signature of leaves as rainfall proxies
• Climatic influences on chemical and isotopic signatures of leaf wax n-alkanes in soils and plants across Australia
• Soil degradation of n-alkanes
• Palaeohydrology of the Holocene of Southeast Queensland
• Within species variation in leaf wax n-alkane abundance in relation to climate and leaf traits
• Isotopic signatures of canopy structure across the Cenozoic of Australia
• Isotopic tools for provenancing timber
• Palaeoclimate during Megafauna extinction in Australia
Students interested in using geochemical tools to explore past climate-ecosystem interactions in an Honours or PhD project should contact Dr. McInerney directly.
|2012 - 2017||ARC Future Fellow||University of Adelaide|
|2012 - 2016||Adjunct Assistant Professor||Northwestern University|
|2006 - 2012||Assistant Professor||Northwestern University|
|2016||Invitation||Keynote address, Australian Organic Geochemistry Conference, 2016|
|2015 - 2015||Invitation||Invited Keynote Speaker at international Plant Waxes Conference||ETH Zurich|
|French||Can read, write, speak and understand spoken|
|1996 - 2002||University of Chicago||United States||PhD|
|1993 - 1996||University of Chicago||United States||Master of Science|
|1987 - 1992||Yale University||United States||Bachelors|
|2004 - 2006||Smithsonian Postdoctoral Fellow||Smithsonian Institution||United States|
|2002 - 2004||BRIE Postdoctoral Fellow||Pennsylvania State University||United States|
|2017||Caddy-Retalic, S., Andersen, A., Aspinwall, M., Breed, M., Byrne, M., Christmas, M. ... Lowe, A. (2017). Bioclimatic transect networks: powerful observatories of ecological change. Ecology and Evolution, 7, 13, 4607-4619.
|2017||Baczynski, A., McInerney, F., Wing, S., Kraus, M., Bloch, J. & Secord, R. (2017). Constraining paleohydrologic change during the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum in the continental interior of North America. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 465, 237-246.
|2017||Bush, R., Wallace, J., Currano, E., Jacobs, B., McInerney, F., Dunn, R. & Tabor, N. (2017). Cell anatomy and leaf δ13C as proxies for shading and canopy structure in a Miocene forest from Ethiopia. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, -.
|2016||Cernusak, L., Barbour, M., Arndt, S., Cheesman, A., English, N., Feild, T. ... Farquhar, G. (2016). Stable isotopes in leaf water of terrestrial plants. Plant, Cell & Environment, 39, 5, 1087-1102.
|2016||Tibby, J., Barr, C., McInerney, F., Henderson, A., Leng, M., Greenway, M. ... McNeil, V. (2016). Carbon isotope discrimination in leaves of the broad-leaved paperbark tree, Melaleuca quinquenervia, as a tool for quantifying past tropical and subtropical rainfall. Global Change Biology, 22, 10, 3474-3486.
|2016||Baczynski, A., McInerney, F., Wing, S., Kraus, M., Morse, P., Bloch, J. ... Freeman, K. (2016). Distortion of carbon isotope excursion in bulk soil organic matter during the Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 128, 9, 1352-1366.
|2015||Bush, R. T. & McInerney, F. A. (2015). Influence of temperature and C₄ abundance on n-alkane chain length
distributions across the central USA. Organic Geochemistry, 79, 65-73.
|2014||Baczynski, A., McInerney, F. & Wing, S. (2014). n-Alkane PETM records from the Bighorn Basin, Wyoming: A core-outcrop comparison. Rendiconti Online Societa Geologica Italiana, 31, 19-20.
|2013||Baczynski, A., McInerney, F., Wing, S., Kraus, M., Bloch, J., Boyer, D. ... Fricke, H. (2013). Chemostratigraphic implications of spatial variation in the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum carbon isotope excursion, SE Bighorn Basin, Wyoming. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 14, 10, 4133-4152.
|2013||Bush, R. & McInerney, F. (2013). Leaf wax n-alkane distributions in and across modern plants: implications for paleoecology and chemotaxonomy. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 117, 161-179.
|2013||Clyde, W., Gingerich, P., Wing, S., Rohl, U., Westerhold, T., Bowen, G. ... Brady, K. (2013). Bighorn Basin Coring Project (BBCP): A continental perspective on early Paleogene hyperthermals. Scientific Drilling, 16, 16, 21-31.
|2013||Kraus, M., McInerney, F., Wing, S., Secord, R., Baczynski, A. & Bloch, J. (2013). Paleohydrologic response to continental warming during the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum, Bighorn Basin, Wyoming. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 370, 196-208.
|2012||Secord, R., Bloch, J., Chester, S., Boyer, D., Wood, A., Wing, S. ... Krigbaum, J. (2012). Evolution of the earliest horses driven by climate change in the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum. Science, 335, 6071, 959-962.
|2012||Sachse, D., Billault, I., Bowen, G., Chikaraishi, Y., Dawson, T., Feakins, S. ... Kahmen, A. (2012). Molecular paleohydrology: interpreting the hydrogen-isotopic composition of lipid biomarkers from photosynthesizing organisms. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 40, 1, 221-249.
|2012||Lynch, D., McInerney, F., Kouwenberg, L. & Gonzalez-Meler, M. (2012). Plasticity in bundle sheath extensions of heterobaric leaves. American Journal of Botany, 99, 7, 1197-1206.
|2011||McInerney, F. & Wing, S. (2011). The Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum: a perturbation of carbon cycle, climate, and biosphere with implications for the future. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 39, 1, 489-516.
|2011||McInerney, F., Helliker, B. & Freeman, K. (2011). Hydrogen isotope ratios of leaf wax n-alkanes in grasses are insensitive to transpiration. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75, 2, 541-554.
|2011||McInerney, F. & Stromberg, C. (2011). The Neogene transition from C₃ to C₄ grasslands in North America: assemblage analysis of fossil phytoliths. Paleobiology, 37, 1, 50-71.
|2011||McInerney, F., Stromberg, C. & White, J. (2011). The Neogene transition from C₃ to C₄ grasslands in North America: stable carbon isotope ratios of fossil phytoliths. Paleobiology, 37, 1, 23-49.
|2009||Polissar, P., Freeman, K., Rowley, D., McInerney, F. & Currie, B. (2009). Paleoaltimetry of the Tibetan Plateau from D/H ratios of lipid biomarkers. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 287, 1-2, 64-76.
|2007||McInerney, F., Freeman, K. & Wing, S. (2007). Magnitude of the carbon isotope excursion at the paleocene-eocene thermal maximum: the role of plant community change. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 262, 1-2, 50-65.
|2007||Smith, F. A., Freeman, K. H. & Helliker, B. R. (2007). GEOC 2-Hydrologic and taxonomic controls on leaf wax lipid hydrogen isotope ratios. ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, 234, -.|
|2006||Smith, F. & Freeman, K. (2006). Influence of physiology and climate on δD of leaf wax n-alkanes from C3 and C4 grasses. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 70, 5, 1172-1187.
|2005||Wing, S., Harrington, G., Smith, F., Bloch, J., Boyer, D. & Freeman, K. (2005). Paleontology: Transient floral change and rapid global warming at the Paleocene-Eocene boundary. Science, 310, 5750, 993-996.
|2004||Smith, F. & White, J. (2004). Modem calibration of phytolith carbon isotope signatures for C-3/C-4 paleograssland reconstruction. PALAEOGEOGRAPHY PALAEOCLIMATOLOGY PALAEOECOLOGY, 207, 3-4, 277-304.
|2004||Smith, F. & White, J. (2004). Modern calibration of phytolith carbon isotope signatures for C 3/C4 paleograssland reconstruction. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 207, 3-4, 277-304.
|2002||Smith, F. & White, J. (2002). The development of Neogene grasslands in relation to climate and atmospheric CO2: The carbon isotope ratios of fossil phytoliths. GEOCHIMICA ET COSMOCHIMICA ACTA, 66, 15A, A722-A722.|
|2001||Smith, F. & Anderson, K. (2001). Characterization of organic compounds in phytoliths: Improving the resolving power of phytolith delta C-13 as a tool for paleoecological reconstruction of C3 and C4 grasses. In J. Meunier & F. Colin (Eds.), (pp. 317-327). A A BALKEMA PUBLISHERS.|
|2009||McInerney, F. A., Wing, S. L., Bloch, J. I., Bowen, G. J., Boyer, D. M., Chester, S. ... Secord, R. (2009). Coordinated sedimentary and biotic change during the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum in the Bighorn Basin, Wyoming, USA. Climatic and Biotic Events of the Paleogene. E. M. Crouch, C. P. Strong & C. J. Hollis (Eds.) Wellington, New Zealand.|
|2005||Smith, F., Wing, S. & Freeman, K. (2005). Using carbon and hydrogen isotope ratios of terrestrial organic matter to understand climate change at the PETM. 15th Annual V M Goldschmidt Conference. Moscow, ID.|
|2016||Andrae, J., McInerney, F., Tyler, J. & Hall, P. A. (2016). The Neogene expansion of C4 dominated ecosystems: an Australian perspective.. Australian Organic Geochemistry Conference 2016. Freemantle.|
Francesca McInerney (Lead CI), Jonathan Tyler, Jake Andrae. Ecosystem change through the Neogene in Australia: documenting the rise of C4 vegetation. ANZIC special post-cruise analytical funding 9/2016-8/2017. AU $20,000.
Andrew Henderson (Lead CI), Francesca McInerney, John Tibby. Tracking hydrological changes during Marine Isotope Stage 3 in the tropics using leaf wax isotopes. NERC Life Sciences Mass Spectrometry Facility Grant 2016. AU $41,162.
Stefan Caddy-Retalic & Francesca McInerney. Foliar isotope ratios along bioclimatic gradients. TERN Australian Transect Network. 2016-2017. AU $25,000.
Stefan Caddy-Retalic & Francesca McInerney. Leaf carbon isotope ratios along TREND. TERN eMast. 2015. $4,700.
Cameron Barr (Lead CI), John Tibby and Francesca McInerney. A high-resolution quantitative rainfall record over the last 1000 years from the Australian sub-tropics. AINSE Research Award. 1/7/2015-30/6/2016. AU $9,895.
Juraj Farkas (Lead CI), Francesca McInerney, David Bruce, Jonathan Tyler and Robert Frei. Development of New Method for Chromium Isotope Analysis. 6/2015 – 12/2015. AU$14,610.
Elizabeth Reed (Lead CI), Lee Arnold, Francesca McInerney, John Tibby, Jonathan Tyler, Juraj Farkas. Refining the timing and palaeoenvironmental context for megafauna extinction records at Naracoorte, South Australia. Marjor Collaborative Project, Environment Institute. 6/2015-12/2015. AU$50,000.
Francesca McInerney (Lead CI). Compound-Specific Isotope Analysis in Australia: Existing Strengths and Emerging Opportunities. Environment Institute Workshop. 21/10/2014-31/12/2014. AU $10,050.
Francesca McInerney (Lead CI) and John Tibby. High-resolution multi-isotope palaeoclimate proxy leaves. Environment Institute Small Research Grants Scheme. 25/6/2014-31/12/2014. AU $12,000.
Francesca McInerney (Lead CI), John Tibby, Seth Westra, Cameron Barr, Jonathan Tyler, Mark Thyer. Leaves as rain gauges: Ancient hydrology from the isotopic signature of leaves. University of Adelaide DVCR Interdisciplinary Research Fund. 14/11/2013- 13/11/2014. AU $29,476.
John Conran (Lead CI), Francesca McInerney, Robert Hill, Daphne Lee, Dallas Mildenhall. The Eocene high latitude Australasian ‘tropics’ in a changing climate – resolving conflicting evidence. ARC Discovery Grant. 1/2013-12/2015. AU$ 230,000.
Francesca McInerney (Sole CI). Palaeoclimate reconstructions from the isotopic signature of fossilized leaf waxes. Australian Research Council Future Fellowship. 1/9/2012-31/8/2016. AU $714,418.
Francesca McInerney (CI). CO2 levels during the greenhouse of the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum. Institute for Sustainability and Energy at Northwestern (ISEN) Booster Grant. 1/12/2010-30/11/2011. US $33,444.
Francesca McInerney (CI). Ancient greenhouse worlds: Past climates as a roadmap for the future. Institute for Sustainability and Energy at Northwestern (ISEN) Booster Grant. 1/5/2009-30/11/2011. US $28,206.
Bonnie Jacobs (Lead CI), Ellen Currano, Francesca McInerney, Mulugeta Feseha, Aaron Pan. Collaborative Research: A multi-proxy approach to Early Miocene community, landscape, and climate reconstruction, Ethiopian Plateau. NSF-EAR: Sedimentary Geology and Paleobiology. 1/8/2011-31/7/2014. US $383,129.
William Clyde (Lead CI), Philip Gingerich, Scott Wing, Francesca McInerney, Anders Noren, Gabriel Bowen, Mary Kraus, Katherine Freeman, Kirk Johnson. Collaborative Research: Bighorn Basin Coring Project (BBCP) - Targeted Continental Drilling of Paleogene Hyperthermals. NSF-EAR. 1/9/2010-31/8/2013. US $1,400,000.
Francesca Smith (Lead CI), Jonathan Bloch, Mary Kraus, Scott Wing. Collaborative Research: Paleohydrology of the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum: A multiple proxy reconstruction. NSF-EAR: Sedimentary Geology and Paleobiology. 1/10/2007-30/9/2011. US $303,001.
University of Adelaide
Earth Systems History III- Geology 3505 (2013, 2014, 2015, 2016): Third year major course. Team Taught. My topics: palaeoclimate, Earth’s energy budget and the long- and short-term carbon cycles.
Stable Isotopes in Biospheric Systems Workshop
Intensive short course (1 week) for Honours, PhD and Postdocs; includes lecture and laboratory components. Lectured on isotope signatures of leaf wax lipids at the University of Sydney workshop (2015) and Daintree Rainforest Observatory (2016).
Paleoclimate Analogs to Future Climate Change- EARTH 451 (Winter 2012): Graduate seminar course.
Stable Isotope Ecology and Paleoecology- EARTH 451 (Winter 2010): Graduate and advanced undergraduate seminar course with group laboratory project.
Paleobiology- EARTH 340 (Winter 2007, Spring 2008, Spring 2009, Spring 2010, Fall 2010, Fall 2011): Upper level Earth and Planetary Science course.
Global Warming: The Scientific Evidence - EARTH 102-6 (Spring 2007, Fall 2007, Fall 2008, Spring 2012): Freshman Seminar, a required writing-intensive course.
PhD Supervision and Co-supervision
Jacinta Greer. Enrolled January 2016. Earth Sciences, University of Adelaide
Jake Andrae. Enrolled February 2016. Earth Sciences, University of Adelaide
Siân Howard. Enrolled February 2015. Earth Sciences, University of Adelaide
Myall Tarran. Enrolled January 2014. Ecology and Environmental Science, University of Adelaide
Stefan Caddy-Retalic. Enrolled March 2014. Ecology and Environmental Science, University of Adelaide
Rosemary Bush. Ph.D. Completed 2014. Earth and Planetary Sciences, Northwestern University. Dissertation: Leaf Wax n-Alkanes as Paleoclimate Proxies: Calibrations in Modern Plants and Applications in Ancient Ecosystems
Allie Baczynski. Ph.D. Completed 2014. Earth and Planetary Sciences, Northwestern University. Dissertation: Evaluating Carbon Cycle Dynamics and Hydrologic Change during the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum, Bighorn Basin, Wyoming
PhD Supervisory Committee
Richard Barclay. Earth and Planetary Sciences, Northwestern University
Maya Gomes. Earth and Planetary Sciences, Northwestern University
Justin VanDeVelde. Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Purdue University
Rosemary Bush. MS in Plant Biology and Conservation, December 2008. Northwestern University. Thesis: Variations in leaf wax n-alkane chain length and carbon isotope fractionation: Applications for chemotaxonomy and paleoecology.
Douglas Lynch. MS in Plant Biology and Conservation, June 2009. Northwestern University. Thesis: Bundle sheath extension changes along light and precipitation gradients: implications for water use efficiency.
Ellyse Bunney. First Class Honours in Geology, 2015, University of Adelaide. Dodonaea leaf wax and isotope signatures across a bioclimatic gradient
Jacinta Greer. First Class and Tate Medal for Highest Mark for Honours in Geology, 2015, University of Adelaide. Recent and Holocene climate variability through carbon and oxygen isotope ratios of sub-fossil leaves.
Courtney Guy. Honours in Geology, 2015, University of Adelaide. Isotope ratios for detecting source of illegally harvested timber.
Benjamin Birch. Honours in Geology, 2015, University of Adelaide. Forest canopy closure through the Cenozoic of Australia using the carbon isotope ratio of fossil leaves.
Jake Andrae. Fist Class Honours in Geology, 2014, University of Adelaide. Leaves of Melaleuca quinquenervia as recorders of modern precipitation and applications to palaeoclimate in a Quaternary lake.
Sian Howard. First Class Honours in Geology, 2014, University of Adelaide. Response of leaf wax n-alkanes in plants and soils to climate over a N-S transect of Australia.
Undergraduates Research Supervision
Alex Otasevic. Summer Scholarship Research UoA 2017. Isotopic signatures of Dodonaea viscosa in a common garden.
Jacinta Greer. Summer Resarch Scholarship UoA 2015. Testing methods of Cellulose Extraction.
Jake Andrae. Summer Scholarship Research UoA 2014. Variation insotope signatures of plants form the Adelaide Botanic Garden.
Ellyse Bunney, Summer Scholarship Research UoA 2014. Variation insotope signatures of plants form the Adelaide Botanic Garden.
Melissa Carrico, Summer Scholarship Research UoA 2014. Variation insotope signatures of plants form the Adelaide Botanic Garden.
Jacinta Greer. BSc Advanced III research project UoA, 2014. Isotopic evidence for mid-Holocene ENSO conditions in subtropical Australia. Summer Resarch Scholarship 2015.
Courtney Guy. Research Volunteer at UoA. Isotopes for Timber Tracking, 2014.
Debra Chen. Senior Honors Thesis in Biological Sciences, June 2012. Northwestern University. Effects of Climate on n-Alkane Chain Length Distribution in Plants.
Nora Richter. Independent research in Earth and Planetary Sciences, Spring 2012. Northwestern University. n-Alkane concentrations in Lake Haukadalsvatn during the period of Norse Settlement in Iceland.
Tess Monical. Independent research in Earth and Planetary Sciences, Fall 2011. Northwestern University. Ethiopian Fossil leaf waxes.
Alexa Socianu. Senior Honors Thesis in Earth and Planetary Sciences, June, 2011. Northwestern University. Reconstructing pCO2 values during the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum.
Jospeph Walkowicz. Senior Thesis in Earth and Planetary Sciences, June, 2011. Northwestern University. An Ordovician Eurypterid from the Martinsburg Formation in Virginia.
Michael Philben. Senior Honors Thesis in Earth and Planetary Sciences, June 2010. Northwestern University. Application of compound-specific isotope geochemistry to constrain the location of the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum in the Williston Basin.
John Kapnick. Senior Honors Thesis in Earth and Planetary Sciences, June 2010. Northwestern University. n-Alkanes as a Chemotaxonomic Indicators for Ferns.
Sara Bosshart. Senior Honors Thesis in Earth and Planetary Sciences, June 2009. Northwestern University. The Eocene/Oligocene Boundary in Oregon: a Mysterious Even-over-Odd Predominance of n-alkanes.
Benjamin Farah. Senior Honors Thesis in Biological Sciences, June, 2009. Northwestern University. Chemotaxonomy and Population Genetics in Pseudotsuga Menzeisii.
Kathleen Quigley. Summer Undergraduate Research Experience (NSF REU), Summer 2008. Bundle sheath extension density in relation to light in modern plants at Chicago Botanic Garden.
|2016 - ongoing||Member||Climate and Biotic Events of the Paleogene Conference 2017 (Snowbird, Utah, USA) Scientific Committee.|
|2014 - 2014||Chair||Australian Compound Specific Isotope Analysis Workshop||University of Adelaide||Australia|
|2013 - 2014||Co-Chair||Session Leader at the Goldschmidt Geochemistry Conference||Geochemical Society||United States|
|2013 - 2014||Co-Chair||Organic Geochemistry Theme of the Goldschmidt Geochemistry Conference||Geochemical Society||United States|
|2012 - 2014||Member||Organising Committee for the 18th Australian Organic Geochemistry Conference||University of Adelaide||Australia|